Fritz Noether

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Fritz Noether
Fritz noether.jpg
Born(1884-10-07)7 October 1884
Died10 September 1941(1941-09-10) (aged 56)
Alma materUniversity of Munich
Spouse(s)Regine (died 1935)[1]
ChildrenGottfried, Hermann[1]
Scientific career
ThesisÜber rollende Bewegung einer Kugel auf Rotationsflächen (1909)
Doctoral advisorde:Aurel Voss
Doctoral studentsde:Helmut Heinrich
Left to right: Herrmann, Fritz, and Regine Noether, Lotte and Gottfried Heisig; c. 1930–1931 in the Krkonoše.

Fritz Alexander Ernst Noether (7 October 1884 – 10 September 1941) was a German-born mathematician.

Biography[edit]

Fritz Noether's father Max Noether was a mathematician and professor in Erlangen. The notable mathematician Emmy Noether was his elder sister; his oldest son was a chemist, Herman D. Noether and his second son was a mathematician Gottfried Noether.

Fritz Noether was also an able mathematician. Not allowed to work in Nazi Germany for being a Jew, he moved to the Soviet Union, where he was appointed to a professorship at the Tomsk State University. In November 1937, during the Great Purge, he was arrested at his home in Tomsk by the NKVD and sentenced to 25 years imprisonment for being a "German spy". While in prison, he was accused of "anti-Soviet propaganda", sentenced to death, and shot.

After World War II, his eldest son, Dr. Herman D. Noether tried innumerable times to learn what had happened to his father. Finally, after appealing to Chairman Mikhail Gorbachev, under glasnost, the truth was revealed: In a letter from the USSR Embassy, the Soviet Government reported that:

On 22 Dec 1988, the Plenum of the USSR Supreme Court passed a decree No. 308-88 which determined that Professor Fritz M. Noether had been convicted on groundless charges and voided his sentence, thus fully rehabilitating him.

On 23 October 1938 Professor Noether had been found guilty of allegedly spying for Germany and committing acts of sabotage and was sentenced in Novosibirsk to 25 years of imprisonment. He served time in different prisons. On 8 September 1941 the Military Collegium of the USSR Supreme Court sentenced Professor F. Noether to death on the accusation of engaging in anti-Soviet agitation. He was shot in Orel (Oryol) on 10 September 1941. His burial place is unknown but there is a memorial plaque in the Gengenbach Cemetery, Germany, at the site of his wife's grave.

Gottfried E. Noether, Fritz Noether's other child, wrote a brief biography of his father. He was an American statistician and educator.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Tollmien, Dr. Cordula (13 June 2006) [1990]. "Lebensdaten" [Lifetime dates]. Lebensläufe Emmy Noethers (in German). Mathematischen Institut der Universität Göttingen.

External links[edit]

Media related to Fritz Noether (mathematician) at Wikimedia Commons