Fritz von Scholz
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|Fritz von Scholz|
Fritz von Scholz, 1944.
9 December 1896|
|Died||28 July 1944
Narva, Reichskommissariat Ostland
|Years of service||1914–19, 1934–44|
|Rank||SS-Gruppenführe and Generalleutnant of the Waffen-SS|
|Service number||NSDAP #1,304,071; SS #135,638|
|Commands held||1 SS Infantry Brigade
SS Division Nordland
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords|
Fritz von Scholz (9 December 1896 – 28 July 1944) was a high-ranking member of the Waffen-SS during World War II and a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords of Nazi Germany.
Born in 1896, Fritz von Scholz served in World War I with the Austro-Hungarian Army in 1914. Discharged from the army in 1919, Scholz was a member of the paramilitary Freikorps since 1921. He joined the Austrian branch of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) in 1932 (Nr. 1304071), and then the Austrian SA. Following his involvement in street violence, Scholz fled to Nazi Germany in late 1933 to avoid arrest. He joined the SS in 1937 (Nr. 135638), serving with the Austrian SS Legion.
Scholtz started World War II as a battalion commander in the SS-Regiment Der Führer, taking part in the Western campaign of 1940 and later taking command of the SS Regiment Nordland, which in 1941 became part of a new SS Division Wiking. Attached to Army Group South, the division took Tarnopol in Galicia in late June, 1941. In early 1943, he took command of first 1 SS Infantry Brigade, attached to Army Group Centre, then 2 SS Infantry Brigade composed of mostly Estonian recruits, under Army Group North. On 20 April, Scholz was appointed commander of a new SS Division Nordland. The division was soon moved to Croatia where it saw action against Yugoslav partisans.
In January 1944, the division was transferred to the Oranienbaum front near Leningrad and attached to the III SS Panzer Corps under Army Group North. The division retreated to Narva and participated in the battles for the Narva bridgehead.
Scholz was awarded the Oakleaves to the Knight's Cross on 12 March 1944. In late July, after the launch of the Soviet Operation Bagration and the collapse of Army Group Centre, the corps retreated to behind the Narva river. On 27 July 1944, Scholz was wounded in an artillery barrage and died the next day. He was posthumously awarded the Swords to the Knight's Cross on 8 August 1944.
- Iron Cross 2nd Class (17 May 1940) & 1st Class
- German Cross in Gold on 22 November 1941 as SS-Standartenführer in SS-Regiment "Nordland"
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
- Knight's Cross on 18 January 1942 as SS-Oberführer and commander of SS-Regiment "Nordland"
- 423rd Oak Leaves on 12 March 1944 as SS-Brigadeführer of the Waffen-SS and commander of the 11. SS-Freiwilligen-Panzergrenadier-Division "Nordland"
- 85th Swords on 8 August 1944 (posthumously) as SS-Gruppenführer of the Waffen-SS and commander of the 11. SS-Panzergrenadier-Division "Nordland"
- Scherzer 2007, p. 681.
- Thomas 1998, p. 282.
- Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 421.
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 387.
- Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
- Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 2: L–Z] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9.
SS-Brigadeführer Franz Augsberger
|Commander of 11. SS-Freiwilligen-Panzergrenadier-Division "Nordland"
1 May 1943–27 July 1944
SS-Brigadeführer Joachim Ziegler