Frjeda Blanchard

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Frjeda Blanchard
Born(1889-02-10)February 10, 1889
Sydney, Australia
DiedAugust 29, 1977(1977-08-29) (aged 88)
NationalityAustralian
Alma materRadcliffe College
University of Illinois (B.A.)
University of Michigan (Ph.D)
Spouse(s)Frank N. Blanchard
Scientific career
FieldsGenetics
InstitutionsUniversity of Michigan

Frjeda Blanchard, née Cobb (October 2, 1889 – August 29, 1977), was an Australian-born American plant and animal geneticist, the first to demonstrate Mendelian inheritance in reptiles.

Life and work[edit]

Frjeda Blanchard was born in October 2, 1889 in Sydney, Australia, daughter of the plant pathologist and nematologist, Nathan Cobb. Her family returned to the United States in 1905, first living in Hawaii and then settling in Washington, D.C.. Cobb's family helped him in his work and Frjeda aided her father in his laboratory. She went to Radcliffe College for three years before returning home to assist her father in his home laboratory and graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. degree in 1916. After helping her father with his nematode research later that year, Blanchard was offered a position with the University of Michigan's Matthaei Botanical Gardens by its director, Harley Harris Bartlett. She became assistant director three years later and received her Ph.D from the university in 1920, after researching Mendelian inheritance in strains of Oenothera (evening primrose).[1] She married Frank N. Blanchard, a zoologist at the university, in 1922 and they had three children together. The couple collaborated researching garter snakes, Frank focused on life history, while Frjeda concentrated on genetics, being the first scientist to document Mendelian inheritance in reptiles. She died on August 29, 1977 in Ann Arbor, Michigan.[2]

She is in the Blanchard family papers held at the Bentley Historical Archive at the University of Michigan.[3]

Journal articles[edit]

  • Frank N. Blanchard, M. Ruth Gilreath and Frieda Cobb Blanchard. The Eastern Ring-Neck Snake (Diadophis punctatus edwardsii) in Northern Michigan (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae). Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 13, No. 4 (November 15, 1979), pp. 377–402. DOI: 10.2307/1563473

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cobb, Frieda (1920). A case of Mendelian inheritance complicated by heterogametism and mutation in Oenothera Pratincola. The University of Michigan.
  2. ^ Ogilvie & Harvey, pp. 288–89
  3. ^ "Blanchard Family Papers". Bentley Historical Library. Retrieved 2017-11-26.

References[edit]

  • Ogilvie, Marilyn & Harvey, Joy, eds. (2000). The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science: Pioneering Lives From Ancient Times to the mid-20th Century. 1: A-K. New York, NY: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-92039-6.

External links[edit]