Frog Skin

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Frog Skin pattern

Frog Skin is a battledress camouflage pattern[1] with mottle and disruptive coloration to blend into the environment similar to a frog's crypsis skin.[2]

M1942 Frog Skin[edit]

M1942 Frog Skin[3]

The M1942 Frog Skin pattern was the United States military's first attempt at disruptive coloration camouflage.[1] In 1942, the Marine Raiders were the first issued the Frog Skin uniform, which was reversible with a five-colour jungle pattern on a green background[4][unreliable source?] on one side and a three-colour beach pattern[5][unreliable source?] with a tan background on the other side.[3][1][6]

Variations of Frog Skin[edit]

The United States sold the Frog Skin pattern to France who issued it to their 1st Foreign Parachute Regiment and 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment during the First Indochina War.[7] In 1961, the Cuban exiles Brigade 2506 were issued the Frog Skin pattern by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) for the Bay of Pigs Invasion.[7] During the Vietnam War the United States Special Forces issued Frog Skin to the Montagnard for their guerrilla warfare activities.[7]

Similar battledress patterns[edit]

Over the years, many battledress mottle patterns have been developed by militaries around the world that are similar to the Frog Skin. The German created Flecktarn is a multi-coloured mottled pattern, which creates a dithering effect by eliminating hard colour boundaries and has been adopted by many countries. The Australian Defence Force Disruptive Pattern Camouflage Uniform is a five-colour mottle pattern, which utilizes disruptive coloration to break up a soldiers outline with a strongly contrasting design. The camouflage pattern, duck hunter marketed as hunting apparel for sportsmen was designed by a civilian, Norvell Gillespie and printed as a green and tan dominant version.[8][better source needed]