List of amphibians of New Zealand

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Hochstetter's frog (Leiopelma hochstetteri).

All of the amphibians of New Zealand are either from the Leiopelma genus endemic to the country or are one of the introduced species, of which three are extant. Pepeketua is the eponymized Māori word.[1][2][3]

Unique characteristics[edit]

Members of the genus Leiopelma exhibit a number of basal traits that separate them from most other species. These traits include: vestigial tail-wagging muscles, cartilaginous inscriptional ribs, the presence of amphicoelous vertebrae, and nine presachral vertebrae (most frogs have eight). In addition, Leiopelma lack external ear drums and produce only limited vocalizations.



Scientific name Image
Main article: Leiopelmatidae
Archey's frog, Leiopelma archeyi Leiopelma archeyi.jpg
Hamilton's frog, Leiopelma hamiltoni Leiopelma hamiltoni04.jpg
Hochstetter's frog, Leiopelma hochstetteri Hochstetters Frog on Moss.jpg
Maud Island frog, Leiopelma pakeka Leiopelma pakeka01.jpg
Aurora frog, Leiopelma auroraensis EX
Markham's frog, Leiopelma markhami
Waitomo frog, Leiopelma waitomoensis


Scientific name Image
Green and golden bell frog", Litoria aurea Litoria aurea green2.jpg
Growling grass frog", Litoria raniformis Litoria raniformisA.JPG
Southern brown tree frog", Litoria ewingii Brown Tree Frog 2.jpg
Australian green tree frog", Litoria caerulea Litoria caerulea - Darwin NT.jpg
Eastern banjo frog", Limnodynastes dumerilii Eastern banjo frog white bg.jpg


See also[edit]


  1. ^ pepeketua - Māori Dictionary
  2. ^ 09 October 2012
  3. ^ Ryan, Paddy. "Frogs in New Zealand". Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 13 July 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]