Frohburg

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Frohburg
Saint Michael Church
Saint Michael Church
Coat of arms of Frohburg
Coat of arms
Frohburg   is located in Germany
Frohburg
Frohburg
Coordinates: 51°3′22″N 12°33′18″E / 51.05611°N 12.55500°E / 51.05611; 12.55500Coordinates: 51°3′22″N 12°33′18″E / 51.05611°N 12.55500°E / 51.05611; 12.55500
Country Germany
State Saxony
District Leipzig
Government
 • Mayor Wolfgang Hiensch
Area
 • Total 108.06 km2 (41.72 sq mi)
Elevation 176 m (577 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 10,204
 • Density 94/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 04654
Dialling codes 034348
Vehicle registration L
Website www.frohburg.de

Frohburg is a town in the Leipzig district, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. It is situated 11 km northeast of Altenburg, and 34 km southeast of Leipzig. It includes the village of Flößberg.

History[edit]

Frohburg castle was first mentioned in documents at the end of the 10th century, the first documentary mention of the settlement itself dates from 1198,[2] and in 1233 it is known as a town (opidum),[3] although it had no explicit town privileges and was directly ruled by the lord of the castle, which at this time was the burgrave of Altenburg. Town privileges were only awarded to Frohburg in 1831, and the first mayor elected three years later.

Until the mid-16th century, Frohburg was part of Pflege Altenburg, and from then on until 1856 of Amt Borna. From then on it was the centre of the judicial district (Gerichtsamt) Frohburg, until it passed to Amtshauptmannschaft (district) Borna.[3]

Following a recession in the 19th century, the establishment of a calico printing mill in 1883 and the start of lignite mining north of the town helped economic recovery.

During World War II, a satellite camp of Buchenwald concentration camp was located just outside the village of Flößberg. The forced labour camp was a branch of the Leipzig-based arms manufacturer, Hugo Schneider AG (HASAG).[4]

In 1960, the first motorcycle race on Frohburger Dreieck took place,[5] and in 1962 the first motocross competition on the track Am Kaplanberg.

The neighbouring community of Streitwald was incorporated into the town in 1973, followed by Greifenhain in 1995, Benndorf in 1997, and Eschefeld, Frauendorf, Roda, Nenkersdorf and Schönau in 1999. On 1 January 2008 Frohburg and the community of Eulatal formed an administrative collectivity which ended a year later when Eulatal joined the community of Frohburg.[3]

Geography and Transport[edit]

Geography[edit]

Frohburg lies approximately halfway between Leipzig and Chemnitz, ca. 35 km south of Leipzig and 10 km south of Borna. The stream Wyhra flows through Frohburg.

Transport[edit]

A south-north section of former B 95 connecting Chemnitz and Leipzig, now reclassified as state road S 51, runs through Frohburg. South of the town it intersects with B 7, running west from Rochlitz. The Neukieritzsch–Chemnitz railway, with trains between Leipzig and Geithain currently operated by Transdev, has a station in the town. The Frohburg junction of state road S 11 with A 72 is currently (2016) under construction.

Sons and daughters of the town[edit]

Otto Nuschke 1956

Personalities who have worked on the ground[edit]

  • Kunz von Kauffungen (1410-1455), Saxon nobleman, knigt and military commander, lived from 1552 to 1555 in Wolftitz castle
  • Hans Pfitzner (1869-1949), German composer, conductor and author of political and theoretical writings, honorary citizen of Frohburg
  • Conrad Felixmüller (1897-1977), painter, lived in Tautenhain from 1944 to 1967 and created in 1951/52 the galleries for the church
  • Frauke Petry (born 1975), chemist, politician, AfD - chairman, lived in the district of Tautenhain

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aktuelle Einwohnerzahlen nach Gemeinden 2015] (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2016. 
  2. ^ Baudisch, Susanne. "Kommentar zu: Ernst Eichler, Hans Walther, Alt-Leipzig und das Leipziger Land. Leipzig 2010–hier S. 75–76. (in German)
  3. ^ a b c Frohburg in the Digital Historic Index of Places in Saxony (Digitales Historisches Ortsverzeichnis von Sachsen)
  4. ^ Thomas Lang, "Jüdische Gemeinden gegen Umbettung von Toten des KZ-Außenlagers Flößberg" Leipziger Volkszeitung online. (July 19, 2010). Retrieved March 29, 2011 (in German)
  5. ^ "Classic Open 2017 auf dem Frohburger Dreieck: Minister soll's richten". LVZ (in German). 5 December 2016.