Frol Kozlov

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Frol Kozlov
Фрол Козлов
Second Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
In office
5 April 1960 – 21 June 1963
Preceded byAleksey Kirichenko
Succeeded byLeonid Brezhnev
Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Russian SFSR
In office
19 December 1957 – 31 March 1958
Preceded byMikhail Yasnov
Succeeded byDmitry Polyansky
First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union
In office
31 March 1958 – 4 May 1960
PremierNikita Khrushchev
Preceded byJoseph Kuzmin
Succeeded byAlexei Kosygin
Full member of the 20th–21st, 22nd Politburo
In office
29 June 1957 – 16 November 1964
Member of the 20th–21st, 22nd Secretariat
In office
4 May 1960 – 16 November 1964
Personal details
Born(1908-08-18)18 August 1908
Loshchinino, Kasimovsky Uyezd, Ryazan Governorate, Russian Empire
Died30 January 1965(1965-01-30) (aged 56)
Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Resting placeKremlin Wall Necropolis, Moscow
Political partyCommunist Party of the Soviet Union (1926–1964)

Frol Romanovich Kozlov (Russian: Фрол Рома́нович Козло́в; 18 August [O.S. 5 August] 1908 – 30 January 1965) was a Soviet politician. Hero of Socialist Labour (1961).


Kozlov was born in the village of Loshchinino (Лощинино), Kasimovsky Uyezd of Ryazan Governorate. Between 1953 and 1957, Kozlov was the first secretary of the Leningrad Oblast CPSU Committee.[1] He was elected a candidate member of the Presidium (as the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was then called) on 14 February 1957 and served as a full member from 29 June 1957 until he was relieved of his duties on 16 November 1964, following the ousting of his mentor, Nikita Khrushchev, a month earlier.

In July 1959, he visited the secretive Bohemian Grove encampment in northern California.[2]

For many years, he was considered Khrushchev's likely successor[3] but even before his mentor's removal from office, Kozlov's position had been undermined by the effects of his alcoholism; in the spring of 1963 he was replaced by Leonid Brezhnev as Secretary of the Communist Party Central Committee.[4] At the time of his removal, Kozlov had already suffered a stroke, and he died shortly after his removal from office. In 1992, he was deemed partly responsible for the June 1962 Novocherkassk massacre.

His ashes were buried in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis.

Decorations and awards[edit]


  1. ^ Справочник по истории Коммунистической партии и Советского Союза 1898 - 1991 (in Russian). Archived from the original on 26 August 2018. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
  2. ^ "May - June 1959: Visit to the Soviet Union of W. Averell Harriman". U.S. Department of State. 26 June 1959. Retrieved 26 May 2010.
  3. ^ "Krushchev's Successor?". Time 13 July 1959.
  4. ^ Lisa A. Baglione (31 December 1998). To Agree or Not to Agree: Leadership, Bargaining, and Arms Control. University of Michigan Press. p. 45. ISBN 0-472-10930-8. Retrieved 28 October 2014.

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by Second Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
5 April 1960 – 15 July 1964
Succeeded by
Preceded by Senior Secretary of Cadres of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
4 May 1960 – 21 June 1963
Succeeded by