|Second Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union|
5 April 1960 – 21 June 1963
|Preceded by||Aleksey Kirichenko|
|Succeeded by||Leonid Brezhnev|
|Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Russian SFSR|
19 December 1957 – 31 March 1958
|Preceded by||Mikhail Yasnov|
|Succeeded by||Dmitry Polyansky|
|First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union|
31 March 1958 – 4 May 1960
|Preceded by||Joseph Kuzmin|
|Succeeded by||Alexei Kosygin|
|Full member of the 20th–21st, 22nd Politburo|
29 June 1957 – 16 November 1964
|Member of the 20th–21st, 22nd Secretariat|
4 May 1960 – 16 November 1964
|Born||18 August 1908|
Loshchinino, Kasimovsky Uyezd, Ryazan Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||30 January 1965 (aged 56)|
Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Resting place||Kremlin Wall Necropolis, Moscow|
|Political party||Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1926–1964)|
Kozlov was born in the village of Loshchinino (Лощинино), Kasimovsky Uyezd of Ryazan Governorate. Between 1953 and 1957, Kozlov was the first secretary of the Leningrad Oblast CPSU Committee. He was elected a candidate member of the Presidium (as the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was then called) on 14 February 1957 and served as a full member from 29 June 1957 until he was relieved of his duties on 16 November 1964, following the ousting of his mentor, Nikita Khrushchev, a month earlier.
For many years, he was considered Khrushchev's likely successor but even before his mentor's removal from office, Kozlov's position had been undermined by the effects of his alcoholism; in the spring of 1963 he was replaced by Leonid Brezhnev as Secretary of the Communist Party Central Committee. At the time of his removal, Kozlov had already suffered a stroke, and he died shortly after his removal from office. In 1992, he was deemed partly responsible for the June 1962 Novocherkassk massacre.
His ashes were buried in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis.
Decorations and awards
- Hero of Socialist Labour
- Four Orders of Lenin
- Order of the Patriotic War, 2nd class
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour, twice
- Order of the Red Star
- Справочник по истории Коммунистической партии и Советского Союза 1898 - 1991 (in Russian). knowbysight.info. Archived from the original on 26 August 2018. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "May - June 1959: Visit to the Soviet Union of W. Averell Harriman". U.S. Department of State. 26 June 1959. Retrieved 26 May 2010.
- "Krushchev's Successor?". Time 13 July 1959.
- Lisa A. Baglione (31 December 1998). To Agree or Not to Agree: Leadership, Bargaining, and Arms Control. University of Michigan Press. p. 45. ISBN 0-472-10930-8. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- Biography of Frol Kozlov (in Russian)