From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler
Plourde cover of Dell Laurel Leaf edition
(1973 to 1987?)
|Author||E. L. Konigsburg|
|Cover artist||Konigsburg (first)
David L. Plourde (depicted)
|Media type||Print (hardcover, paperback), Audio book|
|Pages||162 pp (first edition)|
|LC Class||PZ7.K8352 Fr|
From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler is a novel by E. L. Konigsburg. It was published by Atheneum in 1967, the second book published from two manuscripts the new writer had submitted to editor Jean E. Karl.
Mixed-Up Files won the annual Newbery Medal for excellence in American children's literature in 1968, and her first-published book Jennifer, Hecate, Macbeth, William McKinley, and Me, Elizabeth won a Newbery Honor in the same year, the only double honor in Newbery history (from 1922). Anita Silvey covered Mixed‑Up Files as one of the 100 Best Books for Children in 2005. Based on a 2007 online poll, the National Education Association named the book one of its "Teachers' Top 100 Books for Children". It was one of the "Top 100 Chapter Books" of all time in a 2012 poll by the School Library Journal.
The prologue is a letter from Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler, "To my lawyer, Saxonberg", accompanied by a drawing of her writing at her office desk. It is the cover letter for the 158-page narrative, which provides background for changes to her last will and testament.
Twelve-year-old Claudia Kincaid decides to run away from home happily, because she thinks her parents do not appreciate her and she doesn't like it. She chooses the Metropolitan Museum of Art (the Met) in New York City, with nine-year-old brother Jamie as companion partly because he has saved all his money. With one unused adult fare that she found in a wastebasket, Claudia found a way to get there for free on the commuter train and one very long walk.
Early chapters show how Claudia and Jamie settle in at the Met: hiding in the bathroom at closing time from staff on circuit to see that all the patrons have departed; blending with school groups on tour, to learn more about the museum exhibits; bathing in the fountain, whose "wishing coins" provide income; sleeping in an antique bed.
A new exhibit draws sensational crowds and fascinates the children: the marble statue of an angel, sculptor unknown but suspected to be Michelangelo. It was purchased at auction from Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler, a collector who recently closed her showcase Manhattan residence. They research it on site and at the Donnell Library, and give their conclusion to the museum staff anonymously.
After learning they have been naive, the children spend the last of their money on travel to Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler's home in Connecticut. She recognizes them as runaways but sets them briefly to the task of researching the angel in her long bank of file cabinets. Despite the idiosyncratic organization of her files, they do discover the angel's secret.[clarification needed] In exchange for a full account of their adventure, she will leave the crucial file to them in her will, and send them home in her Rolls-Royce. It's a deal.
Claudia learns her deep motive for persisting in the crazy search: she wanted a secret of her own to treasure and keep. Mrs. Frankweiler may get "grandchildren" who delight her. Her lawyer gets a luncheon date at the Met, to revise her will.
- Claudia Kincaid, 12, is the oldest of four children and the only girl, so she both sets the table and empties the dishwasher. She is a straight-A sixth grade student, a critic of English grammar, and a good planner, except about money which she spends largely on sweets. She feels unappreciated at home, plans to run away with her brother Jamie, and recruits him. They run to the Metropolitan Museum and there discover a mystery of the art world, which fascinates her and overwhelms the adventure.
- Jamie Kincaid, 9, is the third child and the middle boy, in fourth grade, quiet and frugal. He complements his sister perfectly: "adventurous (about everything but money) and rich" —from their viewpoint, an American suburb in the mid‑1960s. He cheats at the card game War, playing with his best friend for money on the school bus daily. From that and his weekly allowance he has saved $24.43, and he has a transistor radio, his one purchase.
- Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler, 82, is smart, insightful, eccentric, and rich. She is the narrator, telling the story of Claudia and Jamie Kincaid to her attorney. She is a commentator, providing insight into the children's actions. She is plot facilitator, for her election to allow sale of an extraordinary sculpture at auction, for only $225, set the book's mystery in motion.
- Saxonberg is Mrs. Frankweiler's lawyer, and is revealed to be Claudia and Jamie's grandfather.
When Konigsburg submitted Mixed‑Up Files to Jean Karl at Atheneum in 1966, she was an unpublished mother of three children living in the suburbs of New York City.
One inspiration for the novel was a page-one story in the New York Times on October 26, 1965.[a] Konigsburg recalled years later that the Metropolitan Museum had purchased for only $225 a plaster and stucco statue from the time of the Italian Renaissance. "They knew they had an enormous bargain."
Another inspiration was complaints by Konigsburg's children in Yellowstone National Park, about a picnic with many amenities of home. She inferred that if they ever ran away "[t]hey would certainly never consider any place less elegant than the Metropolitan Museum of Art".
The author's two younger children Laurie and Ross (who turned eleven and nine in 1967) posed for the illustrations of Claudia and Jamie. Anita Brigham, a neighbor in their Port Chester, New York, apartment house posed as Mrs. Frankweiler.
The character of Mrs. Frankweiler was based on Headmistress Olga Pratt at Bartram's School for Girls in Jacksonville, Florida, where Konigsburg once taught chemistry. "Miss Pratt was not wealthy, but she was a matter-of-fact person. Kind, but firm."
On February 21, 2014, family and friends of E.L. Konigsburg gathered in a private space at the Metropolitan Museum of Art to pay tribute to the author, who died on April 19, 2013 at age 83. One of the speakers was Paul Konigsburg, the author's son. He told a story.
- During the mid-1960s, [Konigsburg] would drop off [her young son] Paul and his siblings, Laurie and Ross, at the museum, while [Konigsburg] attended her own art classes. By the time the children made their routine visits to the knights in armor, the mummy, and the Impressionists (at Laurie's request), Konigsburg's class would be finished and she would return to explore the museum with them.
- On one such occasion, Paul recalled, his mother spotted a single piece of popcorn on the floor next to an ornate piece of royal furniture, which was completely blocked off from public access. He remembers his mother wondering aloud, where did that popcorn come from? And it was that moment, "burned into shrapnel memory", that he believes formed the kernel of the story that would become From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler. She was "a very special lady", he said, whose passion for art drew her to this "very special place".
There were three adaptations before 1998, all under the original title.
- 1969 audio cassette (Miller-Brody/Random House)
- 1973 feature film starring Ingrid Bergman (Cinema 5) —later released as The Hideaways (Bing Crosby, 1974); The Hideaways UK title and home video title
- 1995 film starring Lauren Bacall, released on television
- Konigsburg later cited October 25, which was Monday. The page one story was published Tuesday, concerning a Friday auction.
· "A $225 Sculpture May Be a Master's Worth $500,000", Milton Esterow, New York Times, October 26, 1965, pp. 1, 42. ProQuest Historical Newspapers: The New York Times (1851-2007).
The newspaper continued its coverage Wednesday and Friday:
· "Museum Shows $225 'Bargain': Metropolitan to Test Bust To Determine Its Sculptor", Grace Glueck, October 27, p. 49 (not a public showing)
· "Art Expert Seeks to Date 'Bargain': Will Compare Metropolitan Statue and One in Italy", October 29, p. 50.
- "From the mixed-up files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler". Library of Congress Catalog Record. Retrieved 2014-03-05.
- "E(laine) L(obl) Konigsburg." U*X*L Junior DISCovering Authors. U*X*L, 1998. Reproduced in Junior Reference Collection. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale Group. September, 1999. http://www.galenet.com/servlet/JRC/
· Reprint. CMS Library Information Center. Coleytown Middle School. Westport CT. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
- "Jean Karl, 72; A Publisher Of Books For Children" (obituary). Eden Ross Lipson. The New York Times. April 3, 2000. Retrieved 2011-10-21.
- "1997 Newbery Medal and Honor". Association for Library Service to Children. ALA. Retrieved 2011-11-15.
- Silvey, Anita (2005). 100 Best Books for Children: A Parent's Guide to Making the Right Choices for Your Young Reader, Toddler to Preteen. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 101. ISBN 978-0-618-61877-4. Retrieved 2009-10-09.
- "Teachers' Top 100 Books for Children". National Education Association. 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-19.
- Bird, Elizabeth (July 7, 2012). "Top 100 Chapter Book Poll Results". School Library Journal "A Fuse #8 Production" blog. Retrieved 2012-08-19.
- Mixed-Up Files, p. 17.
- Mixed-Up Files, 35th anniversary ed., Afterword. Unnumbered [pp. 163–74].
- "Konigsburg, E. L.". Autobiographical statement from Connie Rockman, ed., Eighth Book of Junior Authors and Illustrators Wilson, 2000 (ISBN 0-8242-0968-0). CMS Library Information Center. Coleytown Middle School. Westport, CT. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
- "E. L. Konigsburg, Interview Transcript". No date. Scholastic Teachers. scholastic.com. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
- Burnett, Matia (February 25, 2014). "E.L. Konigsburg Remembered". Publisher's Weekly Online. Retrieved 2014-02-26.
- From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler at the Internet Movie Database (IMDb). Retrieved 2011-12-14.
- From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler (1973) at AllMovie. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
- From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler (1995). IMDb. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
- From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler at Google Books
- Formats and Editions at WorldCat – where cover images are not reliable matches and some records of later issues give the 1967 copyright date only
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