Frongoch

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Frongoch
Chapel - geograph.org.uk - 396603.jpg
The Calvinistic Methodist Cwmtirmynach Chapel
Frongoch is located in Gwynedd
Frongoch
Frongoch
Location within Gwynedd
OS grid referenceSH905392
Community
Principal area
Ceremonial county
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBALA
Postcode districtLL23
Dialling code01678
PoliceNorth Wales
FireNorth Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
UK Parliament
Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Gwynedd
52°56′31″N 3°37′44″W / 52.942°N 3.629°W / 52.942; -3.629Coordinates: 52°56′31″N 3°37′44″W / 52.942°N 3.629°W / 52.942; -3.629

Frongoch is a village located in Gwynedd, Wales. It lies close to the market town of Bala, on the A4212 road in north Wales.

By the late 1800s, Frongoch was the main centre for whisky production in Wales. The distillery was bought by Scottish whisky companies and closed in 1910 when they were attempting to establish brands in England.[1][2]

It was the home of the Frongoch internment camp, used to hold German prisoners-of-war during First World War, and then Irish Republican prisoners from the 1916 Rising.

Railway station[edit]

Frongoch railway station was on the Bala Ffestiniog Line. It closed to passenger services on 2 January 1960 and freight services on 27 January 1961. The station building and signal box are now in use as a private residence. It was converted to a holiday home during the early 1970s. The main station had a small extension added to the end to house a bathroom and the large warehouse was demolished to make way for several homes.

Cwmtirmynach Chapel[edit]

The Welsh Calvinistic Methodist chapel at Cwmtirmynach, lies on the B4501, 1.3 miles (2.1 km) north of Fron-goch. It was built in 1826 and rebuilt in 1880 in the Lombardic/Italian style of the gable-entry type.[3] The folk singer Robert Roberts (Bob Tai'r Felin) was precentor at the chapel for nearly 50 years.[4] There is weekly worship and the current minister is Hywel Edwards.[5]

Education[edit]

There is a Welsh-medium primary school, Ysgol Bro Tryweryn, in the village. There were 58 pupils aged between 3 and 11 years on roll in 2017.[6] As of January 2018, the school had the highest percentage of pupils (aged 5 and over) who spoke Welsh fluently at home in Wales, at 97.4%.[7]

Prison camp[edit]

A whisky distillery was built in the village in 1897, attracted by the purity of its water but went bankrupt by 1910. The former distillery buildings were requisitioned by the UK government and used as a prisoner of war camp for German prisoners during World War One . After the 1916 Easter Rising in Ireland it was used to imprison 500 of the Irish Volunteer Army rank and file. Among them were Michael Collins and Arthur Griffith .[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Freeman, Bobby (1996). First catch your peacock : her classic guide to Welsh food (Rev. paperback ed.). Talybont, Ceredigion: Y Lolfa. ISBN 0-86243-315-0.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. ^ Davies, John; Jenkins, Nigel (2008). The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. ISBN 978-0-7083-1953-6.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  3. ^ "Coflein". Coflein. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  4. ^ "The National Library of Wales :: Dictionary of Welsh Biography". Yba.llgc.org.uk. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  5. ^ "The Presbyterian Church of Wales - Cwmtirmynach". Ebcpcw.cymru. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  6. ^ "Ysgol Bro Tryweryn". mylocalschool.wales.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  7. ^ "Children speaking Welsh at home". gov.wales. Welsh Government. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  8. ^ "BBC - Wales History: Frongoch Prison Camp". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 9 July 2020.

External links[edit]