Front Street (Philadelphia)

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Front Street[1]
NW Corner South St and Front Philly.JPG
Corner of South St. (left) and Front St. (right)
Location Philadelphia and Cheltenham Township, Pennsylvania
South end Pattison Avenue in South Philadelphia
Major
junctions
Washington Avenue in South Philadelphia
South Street in Center City
Walnut Street in Penn's Landing
Chestnut Street in Penn's Landing
Market Street in Penn's Landing
Girard Avenue in Fishtown
US 1 / US 13 (Roosevelt Boulevard) in Feltonville
Cheltenham Avenue in East Oak Lane/Cheltenham Township
North end Ashbourne Road in Cheltenham Township

Front Street in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is a north-south street running parallel to and near the Delaware River. Built when the city was laid out by William Penn in 1682, it was the first street surveyed and built in the new colony of Pennsylvania. As part of the King's Highway, which extended from Boston to Charleston, South Carolina, and as the waterfront of Philadelphia's port, it was the most important street in the city from its founding into the nineteenth century.[1]

Front Street is the origin street of Philadelphia's numbered streets. There is no First Street, Front Street exists in its place, and numbered streets begin at the next major block with Second Street, about one-tenth mile west.

At least three stations of SEPTA's Market–Frankford Line are built above Front Street. They include Girard Station,[2] Berks Station,[3] and York–Dauphin Station. SEPTA gives the address of also Spring Garden Station as Front Street, by which pedestrians have access, but its platform lies in the median of Interstate 95 over Spring Garden Street, just west of Front Street.

Historic sites[edit]

The South Front Street Historic District, which includes numbers 700-712 on the west side of S. Front, is a historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The district includes three buildings individually listed on the NRHP as well, Widow Maloby's Tavern (700), Capt. Thomas Moore House (702), and the Nathaniel Irish House.[4][5][6]

Four sites listed on the National Register adjoin North Front Street: Elfreth's Alley, the Quaker City Dye Works, and two schools, the Thomas K. Finletter School and Olney High School.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Harry G. Kyriakodis (2011). "Philadelphia's Lost Waterfront". The History Press. Retrieved 30 May 2015. 
  2. ^ "world.nycsubway.org/ Photos 1-38 of 38". nycsubway.org. Retrieved 30 May 2015. 
  3. ^ "world.nycsubway.org/ Photos 1-29 of 29". nycsubway.org. Retrieved 30 May 2015. 
  4. ^ "National Historic Landmarks & National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania" (Searchable database). CRGIS: Cultural Resources Geographic Information System.  Note: This includes Mary C. Means (June 1970). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Widow Maloby's Tavern" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  5. ^ ""National Historic Landmarks & National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania"" (Searchable database). CRGIS: Cultural Resources Geographic Information System.  Note: This includes Mary C. Means (June 1970). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Capt. Thomas Moore House" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  6. ^ ""National Historic Landmarks & National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania"" (Searchable database). CRGIS: Cultural Resources Geographic Information System.  Note: This includes Mary C. Means (June 1970). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Nathaniel Irish House" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-07-03. 

Coordinates: 39°54′50″N 75°08′56″W / 39.914°N 75.149°W / 39.914; -75.149