Front de Libération de la Côte des Somalis

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Front de Libération de la Côte des Somalis (English: Front for the Liberation of the Somali Coast) was a nationalist organization, and later a guerrilla group, in the French Territory of the Afars and the Issas in present-day Djibouti.


The FLCS was established in 1960 by Mahamoud Harbi. Its founding president was Adan Abdulle.[1] FLCS began armed activities inside Djibouti in 1968.[2] The organization mainly drew its support from the Issa clan.[3]

The FLCS' military struggle was actively supported by the government of Somalia.[3] The group also received assistance from the OAU as a national liberation movement. In the 1971-1972 period, the FLCS received 1500 pounds sterling from the OAU, 0.14% of the total amount donated by the body to different African liberation movements at the time.[4]


  1. ^ La Nation
  2. ^ Abir, Mordechai. Oil, power and politics : conflict in Arabia, the Red Sea and the Gulf. London: Cass, 1974. p. 144
  3. ^ a b Barrington, Lowell W. (ed.). After independence : making and protecting the nation in postcolonial & postcommunist states. Ann Arbor: Univ. of Michigan Press, 2006. p. 117-118
  4. ^ Gonidec, Pierre François. African Politics. The Hague: Matinus Nijhoff, 1981. p. 272