Front of Patriotic and National Parties

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Front of Patriotic and National Parties
Participant in Lebanese civil war (1975-1990)
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Front of Patriotic and National Parties logo (1976-1982).
Active Until 1982
Leaders Musa al-Sadr, Kamal Shatila
Headquarters Beirut
Allies Syrian Army
Opponents Lebanese Front, Lebanese National Movement (LNM)

The Front of Patriotic and National Parties – FPNP (Arabic: Jabhat al-Ahzab wa al-Kiwa al-Wataniyya) or Front Patriotique des Parties Nacionaux (FPPN) in French, was a Syrian-backed coalition of Lebanese Political parties formed in the late 1970s.

Origins[edit]

It was formed in late March 1976 at West Beirut by breakaway sections of the Lebanese National Movement (LNM), which included the pro-Syrian factions of the Syrian Social Nationalist Party (SSNP) and the Lebanese Baath Party, the Shia Amal Movement led by Musa al-Sadr, Kamal Shatila’s Union of Working People’s Forces (UWPF) and the Kurdish Razkari Party.

Decline and demise[edit]

The alliance lasted until mid-1982, when it collapsed together with their LNM rival in the wake of the Israeli invasion of Lebanon.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Edgar O'Ballance, Civil War in Lebanon, 1975-92, Palgrave Macmillan, 1998. ISBN 0-333-72975-7
  • Rex Brynen, Sanctuary and Survival: the PLO in Lebanon, Boulder: Westview Press, 1990.