Frontenac County

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Frontenac County
County (upper-tier)
County of Frontenac
Location of Frontenac County
Location of Frontenac County
Coordinates: 44°40′N 76°42′W / 44.667°N 76.700°W / 44.667; -76.700Coordinates: 44°40′N 76°42′W / 44.667°N 76.700°W / 44.667; -76.700
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Region Eastern Ontario
County seat Glenburnie, Kingston
Municipalities
Government
 • Type County
 • Warden Ron Vandewal
 • Deputy Warden Ron Higgins
Area[1]
 • Land 3,336.62 km2 (1,288.28 sq mi)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Total 26,677 (excluding Kingston)
 • Density 8.0/km2 (21/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
Area code(s) 613
Website www.frontenaccounty.ca

Frontenac County is a county and census division of the Canadian province of Ontario. It is located in the eastern portion of Southern Ontario. The city of Kingston is in the Frontenac census division, but is separated from the County of Frontenac.

Historical evolution[edit]

The county of Frontenac, situated within the Mecklenburg District, was originally created as an electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada in 1792 and its original limits were described as being:

bounded on the east by the westernmost line of the county of Leeds, on the south by lake Ontario, to on the west by the easternmost boundary of the late township of Ernestown, and on the west by the easternmost boundary of the township of Fredericksburgh, running north twenty-four degrees west until it meets the Ottawa or Grand River, thence descending the said river until it meets the northwesternmost boundary of the said county of Leeds.[2]

Mecklenburg was renamed as the "Midland District" in 1792.[3]

At the beginning of 1800, the County was reorganized as follows:[4]

  • the eastern part of the islands of the county of Ontario were transferred to Frontenac, on the former's dissolution
  • Frontenac was declared to consist solely of the townships of Pittsburg, Kingston, Loughborough, Portland, Hinchbrooke, Bedford and Wolfe Island
  • the remaining unorganized territory remained part of Midland District

Through the addition of newly surveyed townships, by 1845 the County covered the following territory:

the Townships of Bedford, Barrie, Clarendon, Hinchinbrooke, Kingston, Kennebec, Loughborough, Olden, Oso, Portland, Pittsburgh, which shall include Howe Island, Palmerston, Storrington, and Wolfe Island, and, except for the purposes of representation in the Legislative Assembly, the Town of Kingston.[5]

In 1860, the newly surveyed townships of Miller and Canonto were transferred from Renfrew County[6]

In 1998, the County was reorganized, and it now consists of the townships of North Frontenac, Central Frontenac, South Frontenac and Frontenac Islands.[7] The City of Kingston continues to be a separated municipality.

The county council itself was abolished and replaced by a management unit with limited powers, known as the Frontenac Management Board.[8] The management unit became a county again in 2004.[9][10]

Education[edit]

Children attend schools part of the Limestone District School Board, based in the City of Kingston.

Demographics[edit]

The figures below are for the Frontenac census division, which combines Frontenac County and Kingston.

Canada census – Frontenac County community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 150,475 (0.5% from 2011) 149,738 (4.1% from 2006) 143,865 (3.8% from 2001)
Land area: 3,787.79 km2 (1,462.47 sq mi) 3,672.49 km2 (1,417.96 sq mi)
Population density: 39.5/km2 (102/sq mi) 39.2/km2 (102/sq mi)
Median age: 40.8 (M: 39.5, F: 42.0)
Total private dwellings: 74,074 70,539
Median household income:
Notes: Includes data for City of Kingston. – References: 2016[11] 2011[12] 2006[13] earlier[14]

Historic populations for Frontenac census division:[14]

  • Population in 2001: 138,606
  • Population in 1996: 136,365

The city of Kingston makes up the vast majority of the census division's population, skewing the census data. Statistics for the County of Frontenac excluding Kingston are as follows:

  • Land area: 3,336.62 square kilometres (1,288.28 sq mi)
  • Population (2016): 26,677
  • Density: 8.0 per square kilometre (21/sq mi)

These population figures include primary residents only. The County of Frontenac (excluding Kingston) includes a large number of seasonal residences (e.g., cottages), whose seasonal residents are not included. While such residents cannot be reliably counted, at least 20% of the total assessed value of residential, recreational, and vacant land properties consists of seasonally occupied property with limited services. (63% of total assessed value along private lanes, which themselves represent 31.5% of the county total[15]. This does not include seasonal residences not on private lanes.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Frontenac County census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-21. 
  2. ^ Proclamation of July 16, 1792
  3. ^ An act for building a gaol and court house in every district within this province, and for altering the names of the said districts, S.U.C. 1792, c. 8, s. 3
  4. ^ An act for the better division of this province, S.U.C. 1798, c. 5, s. 11-12, 14, 18
  5. ^ An Act for better defining the limits of the Counties and Districts in Upper Canada, for erecting certain new Townships, for detaching Townships from some Counties and attaching them to others, and for other purposes relative to the division of Upper Canada into Townships, Counties and Districts, S.Prov.C. 1845, c. 7, Sch. B
  6. ^ An Act to amend "An Act respecting the Territorial Division of Upper Canada", S.Prov.C. 1860, c. 39, s. 2
  7. ^ Restructured municipalities - Ontario map #5 (Map). Restructuring Maps of Ontario. Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. 2006. 
  8. ^ "Frontenac County: One of the players remembers amalgamation talks". Frontenac News. February 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ Division of Ontario into Geographic Areas, O. Reg. 418/03 , s. 1
  10. ^ Green, Jeff (March 28, 2018). "Frontenac County to look at building a new office with Cataraqui Region Conservation". Frontenac News. 
  11. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. 
  12. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-03-21. 
  13. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-21. 
  14. ^ a b "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Frontenac County Private Lanes Study, 2016" (PDF). frontenaccounty.ca. Retrieved 26 April 2018. 
  • Rollaston, Brian, ed. County of a Thousand Lakes: The History of the County of Frontenac. Kingston: County of Frontenac, 1982.
  • Ross, Alec & John De Visser. Kingston and Frontenac County. Erin ON: Boston Mills Press, 2009.
  • Meacham, J.H. Illustrated Historical Atlas of Frontenac, Lennox, and Addington Counties. Toronto, 1878; reprint ed., Belleville: Mika, 1971.

External links[edit]