Frontier Developments

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Frontier Developments plc.
FormerlyFrontier Developments Limited (1994–2013)
TypePublic limited company
IndustryVideo games
Founded28 January 1994; 29 years ago (1994-01-28)
FounderDavid Braben
HeadquartersCambridge Science Park, ,
Key people
RevenueIncrease £114 million[1] (2022)
Increase £41.1 million[1] (2022)
Decrease £1.5 million[1] (2022)
Number of employees
790 [2] (31 May 2022)
  • Complex Games

Frontier Developments plc. is a British video game developer[3] founded by David Braben in January 1994 and based at the Cambridge Science Park in Cambridge, England.[4] Frontier is known for developing amusement park management simulators within multiple franchises owned by other companies which led to the development of the in-house titles Planet Coaster and Planet Zoo, and has produced several games in David Braben's Elite series, including Elite Dangerous. The company takes its name from the earliest titles in the Elite series with which it was involved, a port of Frontier: Elite II and development of Frontier: First Encounters. In 2013, the company reincorporated as a public limited company and was listed on the AIM segment of the London Stock Exchange.


Frontier Developments' first game was the 1993 Amiga CD32 port of the largely successful Frontier: Elite II followed by Frontier: First Encounters, second sequel to the seminal 1984 game Elite by Acornsoft. The company describes the original Elite as a "Game by Frontier", in its back catalogue during the company's 2013 sale of shares to the public, with David Braben owning all rights to the game assigned to the company in 2008.

Between 2005 and 2011, Frontier developed The Outsider, an action-adventure game set in Washington DC that Braben said would advance video game storytelling.[5] The Outsider was cancelled in January 2011 after it was dropped by the publisher, Codemasters, leading to nearly 30 staff layoffs.[6][7]

Frontier had been planning a new Elite sequel, under the working title Elite 4, since 1998. The company completed a successful Kickstarter campaign at the end of 2012, where the new sequel's name Elite: Dangerous was revealed. Early-access versions of the game have been playable by backers since December 2013. The full game was released to PC on 16 December 2014.

Frontier Developments has made many other games, including Dog's Life, Thrillville, and RollerCoaster Tycoon 3. The company also made games for the Wallace and Gromit franchise, and has released Wallace & Gromit in Project Zoo, and a tie-in game for Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit. In 2008, Frontier released LostWinds, a launch title for Nintendo's WiiWare platform. It received critical acclaim, scoring 81% on Metacritic. It was followed up with a sequel in 2009, entitled LostWinds: Winter of the Melodias, which scored 86% on Metacritic. In 2010, Frontier developed Kinectimals for Microsoft's Kinect controller on the Xbox 360. In 2011 Kinect Disneyland Adventures and Kinectimals: Now With Bears were developed, along with ports of LostWinds for iOS and Kinectimals for iOS and Windows Phone. In 2012, Frontier released Coaster Crazy, and started to work on Elite: Dangerous Kickstarter, which successfully closed at the start of 2013. In 2013, Frontier released Xbox One and Xbox 360 exclusive Zoo Tycoon, published by Microsoft Studios, and launched backers alpha for Elite: Dangerous in December. In 2015 the company released Screamride, a theme park construction and management simulation game for the Xbox 360 and Xbox One. The company has recently released Planet Coaster, a construction and management simulation video game similar to the RollerCoaster Tycoon franchise. The game is the second major self-published franchises from Frontier along with the Elite series. Frontier announced that they will begin self-publishing all their future games, starting with Planet Coaster.[8]

Frontier opened a North American studio in August 2012 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada under the name Frontier Developments Inc. and headed by David Walsh.[9] It closed in January 2015.

On 3 January 2017 TMZ reported that the company sued Atari for not paying the company enough for royalties for their game RollerCoaster Tycoon 3; Frontier reported that they only received $1.17 million when they needed $3.37 million. David Walsh confirmed the report in a GameSpot interview, stating that they had previously attempted to resolve the issue without legal action since April 2016.[10]

On 6 February 2017 Frontier announced that they had acquired licensing rights from Universal Pictures to be used in their third self-published title, an "enduring movie franchise of global renown".[11] This was later announced to be Jurassic World Evolution, which released on 12 June 2018.[12]

On 26 July 2017 the company announced Frontier Expo 2017, a press and community event focusing on Elite: Dangerous, Planet Coaster, and Jurassic World Evolution. The event took place on 7 October 2017 at the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, London, UK.[13]

In July 2017, Tencent, a Chinese investment company, bought a 9% share in the company.[14]

In March 10, 2020, Frontier announced that they had signed an agreement with Formula One to develop and release several management simulation games based on the F1 license. In this agreement, Frontier will release four games, starting from F1 Manager 2022 in 2022.[15]

On 10 June 2021, Frontier announced Jurassic World Evolution 2 a sequel to their 2018 park builder game would be releasing in late 2021.[16]

On 10 Mar 2022, Frontier announced they were cancelling all development of their latest version of Elite Dangerous, Odyssey, on consoles.[17]

On 10 August 2022, Frontier announced David Braben was to step down from the position of CEO and take on a newly established executive role of President and Founder. Jonny Watts who has been with the company for 24 years, the last decade of which in the position of Chief Creative Officer was to become the new CEO. The changes were effective immediately. It was also announced that David Gammon would be retiring from his role as Chairman in December 2022 and David Wilton would take on this role at that time. [18]

On 2 November 2022, Frontier announced that they had completed an acquisition of Complex Games following on from the success of Warhammer 40,000: Chaos Gate - Daemonhunters which was published under the Frontier Foundry label six months prior.[19]


In June 2019, Frontier announced that it would begin publishing games from third-party developers under a new label named Frontier Publishing. At Gamescom 2020, Frontier announced that their publishing label would be renamed to "Frontier Foundry", and that it would publish Struggling from Chasing Rats in 2020, and Lemnis Gate from Ratloop Games in 2021.[20][21] They would also publish an upcoming project from Haemimont Games.[22] This game was revealed to be named Stranded: Alien Dawn which initially released as an Early Access title on Steam in October 2022, with a full release anticipated during 2023.[23]

On 13 June 2021, Frontier announced Lemnis Gate would be released on 3 August 2021 with an open beta being scheduled for July 2021.[24]

On 3 June 2021 during the Games Workshop Warhammer Skulls event, Frontier announced they would be publishing a reboot to the 1998 turn based game Warhammer 40,000: Chaos Gate named Warhammer 40,000: Chaos Gate - Daemonhunters. The reboot is to be developed by Canadian developer Complex Games and published under the Frontier Foundry label. It is set to release in 2022.[25]

Additionally Frontier announced a sequel to FAR: Lone Sails named FAR: Changing Tides, developed by Okomotive and published under the Frontier Foundry label. The game was released in March 2022.[26]

Deliver Us Mars, set ten years after the events of Deliver Us The Moon, was announced as part of the Future Games Show Spring Showcase on March 24, 2022.[27] It features a new protagonist who reactivates her companion robot after an apparent ship crash on the planet of Mars. Deliver Us Mars is set to launch on both Epic Games Store and Steam PC storefronts, as well as Xbox Series X|S, Xbox One, PS5, and PS4 consoles.[27]

The Great War: Western Front, a Real Time Strategy game developed by Petroglyph Games was announced as part of the Future Games Show during Gamescom on August 24, 2022.[28] It is set to launch on the Epic Games Store and Steam PC storefronts in 2023.


Games developed[edit]

Year Title Publisher(s) Platform(s)
1995 Frontier: First Encounters GameTek MS-DOS, Microsoft Windows, Classic Mac OS, Linux
1995 Darxide Sega Enterprises Sega 32X
1998 V2000 Grolier Interactive Microsoft Windows, PlayStation
2000 Infestation Ubisoft Microsoft Windows, PlayStation
2003 Darxide EMP Frontier Developments Pocket PC
2003 RollerCoaster Tycoon (Xbox port) Infogrames Interactive Xbox
2003 Wallace & Gromit in Project Zoo BAM! Entertainment Microsoft Windows, Xbox, PlayStation 2, GameCube
2003 Dog's Life Sony Computer Entertainment PlayStation 2
2003 RollerCoaster Tycoon 2: Wacky Worlds Infogrames Interactive Microsoft Windows
2003 RollerCoaster Tycoon 2: Time Twister Atari Interactive Microsoft Windows
2004 RollerCoaster Tycoon 3 Atari Interactive (PC), Frontier Developments (iOS) Microsoft Windows, OS X, iOS
2005 RollerCoaster Tycoon 3: Soaked! Atari Interactive Microsoft Windows, OS X
2005 RollerCoaster Tycoon 3: Wild! Atari Interactive Microsoft Windows, S X
2005 Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit Konami PlayStation 2, Xbox
2006 Thrillville LucasArts
Atari Europe
PlayStation 2, Xbox, PlayStation Portable
2007 Thrillville: Off the Rails LucasArts PlayStation 2, Xbox 360, PlayStation Portable, Nintendo DS, Wii, Microsoft Windows
2008 LostWinds Frontier Developments iOS, Wii, Microsoft Windows
2009 LostWinds 2: Winter of the Melodias Frontier Developments iOS, Wii, Microsoft Windows
2010 Kinectimals Microsoft Game Studios Xbox 360, Windows Phone, iOS, Android
2011 Kinectimals: Now with Bears! Microsoft Studios Xbox 360, Windows Phone, iOS, Android
2011 Kinect: Disneyland Adventures Microsoft Studios Xbox 360
2012 Coaster Crazy Frontier Developments iOS
2013 Zoo Tycoon Microsoft Studios Xbox 360, Xbox One
2013 Coaster Crazy Deluxe Frontier Developments Wii U, iOS
2014 Tales from Deep Space Amazon Game Studios Fire OS, iOS
2014 Elite: Dangerous Frontier Developments Microsoft Windows, OS X, PlayStation 4, Xbox One
2015 Screamride Microsoft Studios Xbox 360, Xbox One
2015 Elite Dangerous: Horizons Frontier Developments Microsoft Windows, Xbox One, PlayStation 4
2016 Elite Dangerous: Arena Frontier Developments Microsoft Windows, Xbox One
2016 Planet Coaster Frontier Developments Microsoft Windows, macOS, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, PlayStation 5, Xbox Series X/S
2018 Jurassic World Evolution Frontier Developments Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, Nintendo Switch
2019 Planet Zoo Frontier Developments Microsoft Windows
2021 Elite Dangerous: Odyssey[29] Frontier Developments Microsoft Windows
2021 Jurassic World Evolution 2[16] Frontier Developments Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, PlayStation 5, Xbox Series X/S
2022 F1 Manager 2022[30] Frontier Developments Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, PlayStation 5, Xbox Series X/S
2023 F1 Manager 2023[31] Frontier Developments Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, PlayStation 5, Xbox Series X/S
2023 Warhammer Age of Sigmar: Realms of Ruin[32] Frontier Developments Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 5, Xbox Series X/S

Games published under the Frontier Foundry label[edit]

Year Title Developer(s) Platform(s)
2020 Struggling Chasing Rats Games Microsoft Windows, Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 4, Xbox One
2020 RollerCoaster Tycoon 3: Complete Edition[33] Frontier Developments Microsoft Windows, Nintendo Switch
2021 Lemnis Gate Ratloop Games Canada Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, PlayStation 5, Xbox Series X/S
2022 FAR: Changing Tides Okomotive Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, PlayStation 5, Xbox Series X/S, Nintendo Switch
2022 Warhammer 40,000: Chaos Gate - Daemonhunters Complex Games Microsoft Windows
2023 Stranded: Alien Dawn Haemimont Games Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, PlayStation 5, Xbox Series X/S
2023 Deliver Us Mars KeokeN Interactive Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, PlayStation 5, Xbox Series X/S
2023 The Great War: Western Front Petroglyph Games Microsoft Windows


  1. ^ a b c "Annual Results". London Stock Exchange. 21 September 2022. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  2. ^ "FY22 Interim Results". London Stock Exchange. Retrieved 14 June 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ "Big tech presents next chapter for UK gaming companies". Financial Times. 26 April 2019. Archived from the original on 11 December 2022.
  4. ^ Barton, Seth (July 2018). "Life on the Frontier". MCV. No. 937. Future Publishing. pp. 14–18.
  5. ^ Houlihan, John (23 September 2005). "Xbox Interviews: David Braben - The Outsider". Computer and Video Games. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2007.
  6. ^ "The Outsider 'not cancelled'". MCV. 20 January 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2022.
  7. ^ "David Braben says The Outsider "probably is gone for good"". Eurogamer. Retrieved 1 May 2022.
  8. ^ Jarvis, Matthew (31 March 2016). "Frontier cements total independence with self-published Planet Coaster". Develop. NewBay Media. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
  9. ^ "Frontier Developments Officially Opens First North American Office in Nova Scotia". PR Newswire. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  10. ^ Hussain, Tamoor (3 January 2017). "Atari Being Sued for Alleged Unpaid Rollercoaster Tycoon Royalties". GameSpot. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  11. ^ "Frontier Developments Secures Movie Licence For Third Game Franchise". London Stock Exchange. 6 February 2017. Retrieved 8 February 2017.
  12. ^ "Frontier Announces Jurassic World Evolution". Frontier.
  13. ^ "Elite Dangerous developer announces Frontier Expo 2017". PC Gamer. 26 July 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  14. ^ "Chinese game giant Tencent buys 9% of Elite Dangerous dev Frontier". Eurogamer. 28 July 2017.
  15. ^ Valentine, Rebekah (10 March 2022). "Frontier Developments signs exclusive license for multiple F1 management games". Retrieved 27 March 2022.
  16. ^ a b Barbosa, Alessandro (10 June 2021). "Jurassic World Evolution 2 Announced, Launching in 2021". GameSpot.
  17. ^ Hall, Charlie (10 March 2022). "Elite Dangerous console development canceled, new content will be for PC only". Polygon. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  18. ^ Dealessandri, Marie (10 August 2022). "David Braben to step down as CEO of Frontier". Games Retrieved 23 August 2022.
  19. ^ "Acquisition of Complex Games Inc". Retrieved 2 November 2022.
  20. ^ Wales, Matt (27 August 2020). "Flesh-flailing co-op platformer Struggling is the first game from Frontier Development's new publishing label". Eurogamer. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
  21. ^ Tack, Daniel (27 August 2020). "Time Looping Lemnis Gate Featured At Gamescom 2020". Game Informer. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
  22. ^ Handrahan, Matthew (12 June 2019). "Frontier signs first deal as third-party publisher". Retrieved 14 December 2019.
  23. ^ Kim, Matt (23 August 2022). "Stranded: Alien Dawn Is a New Survival Sim About a Community Marooned in Space". IGN. Retrieved 23 August 2022.
  24. ^ Park, Morgan (13 June 2021). "Time loop FPS Lemnis Gate gets a release date at the PC Gaming Show". PC Gamer. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  25. ^ Hall, Charlie (3 June 2021). "Warhammer 40,000: Chaos Gate - Daemonhunters will reboot the turn-based classic". Polygon. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  26. ^ Nightingale, Ed (11 January 2022). "Far: Changing Tides now has a release date". Eurogamer. Retrieved 1 May 2022.
  27. ^ a b Brown, Andy (30 March 2022). "'Deliver Us The Moon' sequel 'Deliver Us Mars' announced with new trailer". NME.
  28. ^ Chalk, Andy (24 August 2022). "Command and Conquer Remastered studio reveals a brand-new RTS". PC Gamer.
  29. ^ "IP Licence with Games Workshop and Trading Update, Frontier Developments PLC". London Stock Exchange.
  30. ^ "New F1 Manager 2022 game set for summer release". 7 March 2022.
  31. ^ "F1 Manager 23 to launch in the summer with a host of fresh features | Formula 1®". Retrieved 25 May 2023.
  32. ^ Castle, Katharine (25 May 2023). "Elite Dangerous devs are making new Warhammer RTS, Age Of Sigmar: Realms Of Ruin". Rock, Paper, Shotgun. Retrieved 25 May 2023.
  33. ^ Phillips, Tom (8 September 2020). "Rollercoaster Tycoon 3 Complete Edition headed to PC and Switch". Eurogamer. Retrieved 14 June 2021.

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