|Parent company||Georg von Holtzbrinck Publishing Group|
|Country of origin||Switzerland|
|Publication types||Open access scientific journals|
|Fiction genres||Medicine, life sciences, technology|
Frontiers Media S.A. is an academic publisher of peer-reviewed open access scientific journals currently active in science, technology, and medicine. It was founded in 2007 by a group of neuroscientists, including Henry and Kamila Markram, and later expanded to other academic fields. Frontiers is based on the Lausanne campus.
The first journal published was Frontiers in Neuroscience, which opened for submission as a beta version in 2007, and for official submissions in January 2008. In 2010, Frontiers launched a series of another eleven journals in medicine and science.
In 2008, Frontiers was the very first publisher to introduce article-level metrics. 
In February 2012, the Frontiers Research Network was launched, a social networking platform for researchers, intended to disseminate the open access articles published in the Frontiers journals, and to provide related conferences, blogs, news, video lectures and job postings.
In 2014, Frontiers received the ALPSP Gold Award for Innovation in Publishing from the Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers.
Frontiers journals use open peer review, where the names of reviewers of accepted articles are made public.
Frontiers for Young Minds
Frontiers for Young Minds was launched in November 2013 during the Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience. It is a web-based science journal that involves young people in the review of scientific articles with the help of scientists who act as mentors.
In 2015, Frontiers launched Loop, a research network that is open to be integrated into any publisher’s or academic organization's website. At the time of launch the platform was integrated into two publishing platforms, Nature Publishing Group and Frontiers. Since then, the Technical University of Madrid became the first university to link their Loop profile to their institutional website and in October Loop collaborated with ORCID to link and synchronize researcher profile information.
Business model and partnerships
According to their website, the company "operates the open-access publishing on an author-pay business model, but has a commercial mandate to develop multiple revenue streams that can be used to support open-access publishing, as well as a technology mandate to ensure that scientists benefit from cutting edge IT technologies."
In 2013, Frontiers received a major investment from the Holtzbrinck Group, the holding company of the Nature Publishing Group. The investment also spurred collaboration with Nature Publishing Group, such as the integration of Loop profiles into Nature journals on nature.com, as well as collaboration with other Holtzbrinck companies such as the Frontiers for Young Minds blog on Scientific American.
Though Holtzbrinck still has a minority share in Frontiers, the two companies operate independently, and in 2014, the two groups "made the decision ... to make a clean separation and never to mention again that [Nature Publishing Group] has some kind of involvement in Frontiers."
In 2013, Frontiers in Psychology retracted a controversial article linking climate change denialism and "conspiracist ideation"; the retraction was itself also controversial and led to the resignations of at least three editors. In 2014, Frontiers in Public Health published a controversial article that supported HIV denialism; the publisher later issued a statement of concern and announced an investigation into the review process of the article. It was eventually decided that the article would not be retracted but instead was reclassified as an opinion piece. In May 2015, Frontiers removed 31 editors from the boards of two medical journals. These editors had held up the review process in response to what they perceived as "company staff...interfering with editorial decisions and violating core principles of medical publishing", which they claimed was done to maximize company profits, possibly at the expense of patient health. Frontiers has disputed these claims.
In 2015, Frontiers was added to Jeffrey Beall's list of "Potential, possible, or probable" predatory open-access publishers. The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) has said "there have been vigorous discussions about, and some editors are uncomfortable with, the editorial processes at Frontiers" but that "the processes are declared clearly on the publisher's site and we do not believe there is any attempt to deceive either editors or authors about these processes". Frontiers is a COPE member and one of its employees sits on COPE's council.
- "Members: OA Professional Publishing Organizations". Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA). Retrieved 2013-02-04.
- Peter Suber, ed. (2007-10-30). "Open Access News: New series of OA journals in neuroscience". Retrieved 2013-03-04.
- Bloudoff-Indelicato M (2015). "Backlash after Frontiers journals added to list of questionable publishers". Nature 525 (7575). doi:10.1038/526613f.
- "Kamila Markram interview changing the way academics work". Euroscientist. 15 April 2015.
- "Frontiers launches Social Networking for Scientists". Frontiers Media. 9 February 2012.
- "Events". Frontiers Media. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
- "The 2014 Frontiers Progress Report is now available". Frontiers. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
- "ALPSP Annual Awards". Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
- "Frontiers for Young Minds Launches at USA Science and Engineering Festival". Frontiers. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
- "Frontiers Loop". Frontiers. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
- "Frontiers launches Loop social network". The Bookseller. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
- "UPM leads way as first university to integrate Loop". loop. Retrieved 2015-10-26.
- "ORCID and Loop new researcher profile system". Orcid. Retrieved 2015-10-26.
- P., J. (2013-02-27). "Changing Nature". The Economist. Retrieved 2014-12-17.
- "Holtzbrinck publishing group and BC Partners announce agreement to merge majority of Macmillan Science and Education with Springer Science". bc partners. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
- Baynes, Grace. "Nature Publishing Group and Frontiers form alliance to further open science". Nature Publishing Group. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
- "Young Minds on Scientific American". Scientific American. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
- "Open-access publisher sacks 31 editors amid fierce row over independence". sciencemag.org. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
- "Chief specialty editor resigns from Frontiers in wake of controversial retraction". Retraction Watch. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
- "Publisher issues statement of concern about HIV denial paper, launches investigation". Retraction Watch. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
- "Frontiers lets HIV denial article stand, reclassifies it as "opinion"". Retraction Watch. Retrieved 2015-03-17.
- Beall, Jeffrey. "LIST OF PUBLISHERS". Scholarly Open Access. Retrieved 2015-10-21.
- "COPE statement on Frontiers". COPE. Retrieved 2015-11-12.
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