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Frontignan la Peyrade
|Intercommunality||CA Sète Agglopôle Méditerranée|
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Pierre Bouldoire (PS)|
|31.72 km2 (12.25 sq mi)|
|• Density||720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||0–223 m (0–732 ft) |
(avg. 2 m or 6.6 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
The town is surrounded by the Gardiole mountain range in the north, the Ingril lagoon in the east, the Étang de Thau in the west and the Mediterranean shore (including the beach resort Frontignan-Plage) in the south.
The Rhône-Sète canal separates the inland town centre and Frontignan-Plage.
- 1362 foundation of the fortress
- 1560 ransacked by the Protestants
- 16 June 1642: King Louis XIII of France and Cardinal Richelieu meet in Frontignan.
- 1787: Thomas Jefferson, future president of the United States, stays in Frontignan and reportedly enjoys the local Muscat de Frontignan wine.
- 28 June 1940: The car driven by Paul Reynaud hits a tree at La Peyrade, killing his mistress Helene de Portes. Reynaud is hospitalized, arrested on discharge, and imprisoned for the duration of the war.
- 25 June 1944: The Frontignan oil refineries and parts of the city (including the rail station) are bombed by the 15th USAAF causing some 40 civilian deaths.
- 31 December 2002: Frontignan together with the neighbouring towns of Sète, Balaruc-les-Bains, Balaruc-le-Vieux, Vic-la-Gardiole, Mireval, Gigean and Marseillan joins the Communauté d'agglomération du Bassin de Thau (since 2017: Sète Agglopôle Méditerranée).
In 1800, Frontignan was home to around 1400 individuals. Until the 20th century, Frontignan had a population of less than 4000. In 2008, there were over 23,000.
- Old town centre with remains of the fortress dating back to the 14th century
- Saint Paul's Church (in parts 12th century)
- The Penitents' chapel (including the city's museum)
- Maison Population (early 20th century)
- Château Stony
- Château de la Peyrade
- La Peyrade bridge (17th century)
- Yacht port
- Natural reserve beaches
- Aresquiers natural reserve
- Argeliès caves
Until the early 20th century the local economy was based on the production of marine salt and wine. Later petro-chemical and chemical industries predominate with a steady decline in the 1980s. The oil refinery that opened in 1900 was converted to a simple depot in 1986.
Since the end of the 20th century, modern fisheries and high-tech plastics take over. Seasonal tourism is a dominant part of the local economy.
Important businesses in Frontignan include:
- Distrisud S.A.
- Indubois S.A.S.
- Hexis S.A.
- Barba S.A.S.
- Frontignan Coopérative S.C.A.
- Mobil Concepts s.à.r.l.
- Frontignan is the hometown of the writer Maurice Clavel.
- Every year since 1998 Frontignan organises the annual Festival International du Roman Noir (for noir fiction).
- Bullfighting and river jousting are the traditional sports.
Frontignan is twinned with:
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Frontignan.|