Frontignan

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Frontignan

Frontignan la Peyrade
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Frontignan
Coat of arms
Location of Frontignan
Frontignan is located in France
Frontignan
Frontignan
Frontignan is located in Occitanie
Frontignan
Frontignan
Coordinates: 43°26′54″N 3°45′22″E / 43.4483°N 3.7561°E / 43.4483; 3.7561Coordinates: 43°26′54″N 3°45′22″E / 43.4483°N 3.7561°E / 43.4483; 3.7561
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
DepartmentHérault
ArrondissementMontpellier
CantonFrontignan
IntercommunalityCA Sète Agglopôle Méditerranée
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Michel Arrouy (PS)
Area
1
31.72 km2 (12.25 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
22,731
 • Density720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
34108 /34110
Elevation0–223 m (0–732 ft)
(avg. 2 m or 6.6 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Frontignan (French pronunciation: ​[fʁɔ̃tiɲɑ̃ ]; Occitan: Frontinhan) is a commune in the Hérault department in southern France.

Frontignan is renowned for its AOC wine, the Muscat de Frontignan, a sweet wine made solely from the Muscat grape variety.

Map

Geography[edit]

View from La Gardiole Mountain.

Frontignan is located in the Languedoc coastal plain between the towns of Sète and Montpellier.

The town is surrounded by the Gardiole mountain range in the north, the Ingril lagoon in the east, the Étang de Thau in the west and the Mediterranean shore (including the beach resort Frontignan-Plage) in the south.

The Rhône-Sète canal separates the inland town centre and Frontignan-Plage.

TER Occitanie serves Frontignan Station.

History[edit]

  • 1362 foundation of the fortress
  • 1560 ransacked by the Protestants
  • 16 June 1642: King Louis XIII of France and Cardinal Richelieu meet in Frontignan.
  • 1787: Thomas Jefferson, future president of the United States, stays in Frontignan and reportedly enjoys the local Muscat de Frontignan wine.
  • 28 June 1940: The car driven by Paul Reynaud hits a tree at La Peyrade, killing his mistress Helene de Portes. Reynaud is hospitalized, arrested on discharge, and imprisoned for the duration of the war.[2]
  • 25 June 1944: The Frontignan oil refineries and parts of the city (including the rail station) are bombed by the 15th USAAF causing some 40 civilian deaths.
  • 12 August 1944:Battery Frontignan is attacked by the 465th BG in preparation of the invasion of Southern France on 15 August 1944.
  • 31 December 2002: Frontignan together with the neighboring towns of Sète, Balaruc-les-Bains, Balaruc-le-Vieux, Vic-la-Gardiole, Mireval, Gigean and Marseillan joins the Communauté d'agglomération du Bassin de Thau (since 2017: Sète Agglopôle Méditerranée).

Population[edit]

In 1800, Frontignan was home to around 1400 individuals. Until the 20th century, Frontignan had a population of less than 4000. In 2007, there were over 23,000.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 1,100—    
1800 1,416+3.67%
1806 1,398−0.21%
1821 1,491+0.43%
1831 1,877+2.33%
1836 1,844−0.35%
1841 1,966+1.29%
1846 1,926−0.41%
1851 2,129+2.02%
1856 2,077−0.49%
1861 2,574+4.38%
1866 3,000+3.11%
1872 3,225+1.21%
1876 3,537+2.34%
1881 3,164−2.20%
1886 3,326+1.00%
1891 3,603+1.61%
1896 3,902+1.61%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 4,470+2.76%
1906 4,668+0.87%
1911 5,174+2.08%
1921 5,283+0.21%
1926 5,483+0.75%
1931 5,859+1.34%
1936 6,243+1.28%
1946 6,096−0.24%
1954 6,998+1.74%
1962 8,309+2.17%
1968 11,141+5.01%
1975 12,238+1.35%
1982 14,951+2.90%
1990 16,245+1.04%
1999 19,145+1.84%
2007 23,068+2.36%
2012 22,728−0.30%
2017 22,762+0.03%
Source: EHESS[3] and INSEE (1968-2017)[4]

Sights[edit]

The beach at Frontignan-Plage.
  • Old town centre with remains of the fortress dating back to the 14th century
  • Saint Paul's Church (in parts 12th century)
  • The Penitents' chapel (including the city's museum)
  • Maison Population (early 20th century)
  • Château Stony
  • Château de la Peyrade
  • La Peyrade bridge (17th century)
  • Yacht port
  • Natural reserve beaches
  • Aresquiers natural reserve
  • Argeliès caves

Economy[edit]

Les Crozes neighbourhood, seen from Les Salins

Until the early 20th century the local economy was based on the production of marine salt and wine. Later petro-chemical and chemical industries predominate with a steady decline in the 1980s. The oil refinery that opened in 1900 was converted to a simple depot in 1986.

Since the end of the 20th century, modern fisheries and high-tech plastics take over. Seasonal tourism is a dominant part of the local economy.

Important businesses in Frontignan include:

  • Distrisud S.A.
  • Indubois S.A.S.
  • Hexis S.A.
  • Barba S.A.S.
  • Frontignan Coopérative S.C.A.
  • Mobil Concepts s.à.r.l.

Culture[edit]

International relations[edit]

Frontignan is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ Pelayo, D. (2009) L'accident de Paul Reynaud. l'Agglorieuse
  3. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Frontignan, EHESS. (in French)
  4. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE

External links[edit]