Fruitlands Museum

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Fruitlands Museums Historic District
Fruitlands Museum - buildings 1.jpg
Fruitlands Museum
Fruitlands Museum is located in Massachusetts
Fruitlands Museum
Fruitlands Museum is located in the United States
Fruitlands Museum
LocationHarvard, Massachusetts
Coordinates42°29′37″N 71°36′47″W / 42.49361°N 71.61306°W / 42.49361; -71.61306Coordinates: 42°29′37″N 71°36′47″W / 42.49361°N 71.61306°W / 42.49361; -71.61306
Area210 acres (85 ha)
Built1910
Architectural styleShingle Style, Bungalow/Craftsman
NRHP reference No.97000439[1]
Added to NRHPMay 23, 1997
Sculpture and woodlands

Fruitlands Museum in Harvard, Massachusetts, is a museum about multiple visions of America on the site of the short-lived utopian community, Fruitlands. The museum includes the Fruitlands farmhouse (a National Historic Landmark), a museum about Shaker life, an art gallery with 19th-century landscape paintings, vernacular American portraits, and other changing exhibitions, and a museum of Native American history.

Visitors can tour the farmhouse, which has been restored to appear as it did during the 1840s, and exhibits about Transcendentalism and the Alcott family. Fruitlands offers a diverse schedule of contemporary exhibits, lectures, outdoor concerts and easy walking trails. There is also a museum store and restaurant. The properties are overseen by The Trustees of Reservations.

History[edit]

Fruitlands, inspired by Transcendentalism and Amos Bronson Alcott's ideas of societal reform, was established on 90 acres (360,000 m2) purchased by Charles Lane in May 1843.[2] People interested in joining the community began moving in the next month and the site was optimistically named "Fruitlands" despite having only a small cluster of apple trees. The community was based on self-sufficiency, using no hired labor and growing all the food they needed themselves.[3] The community ultimately failed because of the difficulty in growing crops. Community members began moving away as early as October 1843; Lane and Alcott abandoned it in January 1844.[4]

The property was purchased in 1910 by Clara Endicott Sears, who opened the farmhouse to the public in 1914 as a museum.[5] In addition to the Fruitlands building, the site now includes a transplanted Shaker house from the nearby Harvard Shaker Village, Native American artifacts and Hudson River School paintings.[6] The museum is primarily the result of the efforts of Sears, a preservationist.[7]

From 2015[8] through 2019,[9] Fruitlands was the site of an amateur cyclocross race. Notorious for the rough surface of the course as well as the often muddy off-cambers utilized, it became a favorite amongst the New England cyclocross community.[10] No race was held in 2020, the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. As of July 2021, no further races have been scheduled.[11]

The Trustees of Reservations[edit]

From 1930 until 2016, Fruitlands was an independent non-profit organization.[12] In 2016, the museum merged with The Trustees of Reservations.[13][12] From a report in the Boston Globe: “'Fruitlands and The Trustees’ missions are so well aligned in our desire to build connections between nature, art, and culture among people of all ages and to provide opportunities for lifelong learning and engagement,' said Marie LeBlanc, chairwoman of the Fruitlands board. 'We are confident that The Trustees will provide the platform Fruitlands needs to continue to grow, care for, and share its important legacy and collections.'"[13] Michael Busack currently serves as the museum director since his appointment in 2019.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System – (#97000439)". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 15, 2008.
  2. ^ Packer 2007, p. 148.
  3. ^ Hankins 2004, p. 36.
  4. ^ Packer 2007, p. 149.
  5. ^ Felton 2006, p. 133.
  6. ^ Massachusetts Office of Travel and tourism - Find Lodging - Fruitlands Museum, retrieved 1 October 2008
  7. ^ National Park Service - Fruitlands Museum Historic District, retrieved 1 October 2008
  8. ^ "Fruitlands Cup of CX 2015 Results". CrossResults. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  9. ^ "Fruitlands' Cup of Cyclocross Results 26 October 2019". Crossresults.com. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  10. ^ "Cyclocross Race". Fruitlands Museum. Archived from the original on 21 January 2017. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  11. ^ "Event Calendars". BikeReg.com. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  12. ^ a b "Fruitlands Museum History". The Trustees of Reservations. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  13. ^ a b Lefferts, Jennifer Fenn (17 February 2016). "Fruitlands Museum to become Trustees' 115th reservation". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  14. ^ Staff Writer. "Trustees names new Fruitlands Museum, Old Manse director". wickedlocal.com. wickedlocal.com. Retrieved 29 April 2022.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]