Fu'an

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Fu'an

福安市

Fuan
Fu'an city main street
Fu'an city main street
Fu'an is located in Fujian
Fu'an
Fu'an
Location in Fujian
Coordinates: 27°06′N 119°38′E / 27.100°N 119.633°E / 27.100; 119.633Coordinates: 27°06′N 119°38′E / 27.100°N 119.633°E / 27.100; 119.633
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceFujian
Prefecture-level cityNingde
Area
 • Total67.44 km2 (26.04 sq mi)
Population
 • Total597,000
 • Density8,900/km2 (23,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

About this soundFu'an  (Chinese: 福安市; pinyin: Fú'ān Shì; Foochow Romanized: Hók-ăng-chê; sometimes Fu An) is a county-level city of Ningde prefecture level city, in northeast Fujian province, PRC, some 150 kilometres (93 mi) away from the provincial capital Fuzhou.[1]

History[edit]

Imperial[edit]

Fu'an was created a county in 1245 AD in the Southern Song.[2]

Republic / People's Republic[edit]

In November 1989, Fu'an was elevated to a city at county level.[3]

Geography[edit]

Fu'an is surrounded by hills and the sea. It covers an area of 67.44 square kilometres (26.04 sq mi).

Demographics[edit]

Baiyun Mountains in Fu'an

The population of Fu'an stands at 597,000 residents.[when?] In 2010 the population was 563,640, 154,439 of which lived in the urban area.[2]

Fu'an City is mainly composed of three ethnic groups: Han, She and Hui. The She population accounts for about 11% of the city's population, and the Han population accounts for about 88.4% of the total population. The Han include the Tanka people of which there currently are about 7,400.

Fu'an dialect is commonly spoken in the area. Some She people speak She dialect, which is related to Hakka.

The city has a sizeable catholic minority. There are 47 Catholic churches in Fu'an, and the Catholic population accounts for about 14% of the total population.

Economy[edit]

Fu'an is known for its tea production. One successful local company is the Tan Yang Kunfu tea,[4] which won the gold medal in Panama Pacific International Exposition (Year 1915).

Besides tea, the agricultural sector is specialized in grapes, aquaculture and animal husbandry.

The three leading industries in Fu'an are the electrical machinery industry, the shipbuilding industry and the food industry  . There are more than 730 electrical machinery companies, 84 shipping companies, and more than 800 food processing companies. The main food crops in mountainous and hilly areas are double-season rice and sweet potato. In addition, a variety of economic crops are also planted in coastal plains and valley basins, mainly sugarcane, grapes, edible mushrooms, tea, peaches, bamboo, as well as aquaculture.[5][6]

Education[edit]

One of the first Anglo-Chinese kindergartens was established in Fu'an in 2002.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Water[edit]

Fu'an is located on the east or left bank of the Jiao (交溪), the main tributary of the Baima River (白马河).

Fu'an is known for the Saiqi Harbour (or Baima Harbor), which also bears the name "Golden Passage".[7]

Railway[edit]

Administration[edit]

The Baima River in its lower course, seen from the railway bridge

Fu'an has three street committees; the city's executive, legislature and judiciary are in Chengnan, together with its CPC and PSB branches.

There is one development zone. The city oversees eleven towns and seven townships, of which three are zoned Affirmative action-like for the She nation natives.

Subdistricts[edit]

Chinese: 街道; pinyin: Jiēdào

Development zone[edit]

Chinese: 开发区; pinyin: Kāifā Qū

  • Saiqi Development Zone (赛岐开发区)

Towns[edit]

Chinese: ; pinyin: zhèn

  • Muyang (穆阳镇)
  • Shangbaishi (上白石镇)
  • Xitan (溪潭镇)
  • Xiabaishi (下白石镇)
  • Saiqi (赛岐镇)
  • Xiwei (溪尾镇)
  • Shekou (社口镇)
  • Tantou (潭头镇)
  • Xiaoyang (晓阳镇)
  • Xibing (溪柄镇)
  • Gantang (甘棠镇)

Townships[edit]

Chinese: ; pinyin: xiāng

  • Chengyang (城阳乡)
  • Wanwu (湾坞乡)
  • Songluo (松罗乡)
  • Fankang (范坑乡)

Ethnic Townships[edit]

Chinese: 民族乡; pinyin: mínzú xiāng

Climate[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fu-an - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  2. ^ a b "福安市历史沿革_行政区划网(区划地名网) www.xzqh.org". www.xzqh.org. Retrieved 2020-10-30.
  3. ^ (in Chinese) Ningde China Investment Online Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ TeaSpring.com
  5. ^ "福安概况". Archived from the original on 2018-04-09. Retrieved 2018-04-08.
  6. ^ "福安市改革开放30年成就辉煌". www.fa-today.com. Retrieved 2020-10-30.
  7. ^ (in Chinese) Ningde China Investment Online Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]