Fu'an

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Fu'an
福安市
Fuan
Fu'an city main street
Fu'an city main street
Fu'an is located in Fujian
Fu'an
Fu'an
Location in Fujian
Coordinates: 27°06′N 119°38′E / 27.100°N 119.633°E / 27.100; 119.633Coordinates: 27°06′N 119°38′E / 27.100°N 119.633°E / 27.100; 119.633
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceFujian
Prefecture-level cityNingde
Area
 • Total67.44 km2 (26.04 sq mi)
Population
 • Total676,624
 • Density10,000/km2 (26,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

Fu'an  (Chinese: 福安市; pinyin: Fú'ān Shì; Foochow Romanized: Hók-ăng-chê; sometimes Fu An) is a county-level city of Ningde prefecture level city, in northeast Fujian province, PRC, some 150 kilometres (93 mi) away from the provincial capital Fuzhou.[1]

History[edit]

Found[edit]

Fu'an county was found in 1245 AD in the Southern Song.[2]

Modern[edit]

In civil war of China, Fu'an was occupied by People's Liberation Army on July, 1949. In November 1989, Fu'an county was abolished, at the same time Fu'an city was established.[3]

Geography[edit]

Fu'an is surrounded by hills and the sea. It covers an area of 67.44 square kilometres (26.04 sq mi).

Demographics[edit]

Baiyun Mountains in Fu'an

By December of 2021, Fu'an has 676,624 residents. With 199031 households.

Fu'an City is mainly composed of three ethnic groups: Han Chinese, She and Hui. The She population accounts for about 11% of the city's population, and the Han population accounts for about 88.4% of the total population. The Han include the Tanka people of which there currently are about 7,400.

Fu'an dialect in Eastern Min is commonly spoken in the city, whereas She people use She language.

The major religion in Fu'an city is Buddhism. Taoism and other Chinese folk beliefs are also popular. Catholic and Protestant believers accounts for 14% of the total population. There are 47 Roman Catholic and protestant churches around the city.

Economy[edit]

Fu'an is known for its tea production. One successful local company is the Tan Yang Kunfu tea,[4] which won the gold medal in Panama Pacific International Exposition (Year 1915).

Besides tea, the agricultural sector is specialized in grapes, aquaculture and animal husbandry.

The three leading industries in Fu'an are the electrical machinery industry, the shipbuilding industry and the food industry  . There are more than 730 electrical machinery companies, 84 shipping companies, and more than 800 food processing companies. The main food crops in mountainous and hilly areas are double-season rice and sweet potato. In addition, a variety of economic crops are also planted in coastal plains and valley basins, mainly sugarcane, grapes, edible mushrooms, tea, peaches, bamboo, as well as aquaculture.[5][6]

Education[edit]

One of the first Anglo-Chinese kindergartens was established in Fu'an in 2002.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Water[edit]

Fu'an is located on the middle stream of the Jiao River (交溪), the main tributary of the Baima River (白马河).

Fu'an is known for the Baima Harbor(白馬港), which also bears the name "Golden Passage".[7]

Railway[edit]

Administration[edit]

The Baima River in its lower course, seen from the railway bridge

Fu'an has 4 street committees; the city's executive, legislature and judiciary are in Chengnan, together with its CPC and PSB branches. The city has 13 towns and 5 townships, of which three are zoned Affirmative action-like for the She nation natives.

Subdistricts[edit]

Chinese: 街道; pinyin: Jiēdào

Towns[edit]

Chinese: ; pinyin: zhèn

  • Muyang (穆阳镇)
  • Shangbaishi (上白石镇)
  • Xitan (溪潭镇)
  • Xiabaishi (下白石镇)
  • Saiqi (赛岐镇)
  • Xiwei (溪尾镇)
  • Shekou (社口镇)
  • Tantou (潭头镇)
  • Xiaoyang (晓阳镇)
  • Xibing (溪柄镇)
  • Gantang (甘棠镇)
  • Chengyang (城阳鎮)
  • Wanwu (灣塢鎮)

Townships and Ethnic Townships[edit]

Chinese: ; pinyin: xiāng

  • Songluo (松罗乡)
  • Fankang (范坑乡)

Chinese: 民族乡; pinyin: mínzú xiāng

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Fu'an (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.2
(81.0)
30.2
(86.4)
36.1
(97.0)
35.0
(95.0)
37.1
(98.8)
38.6
(101.5)
41.9
(107.4)
39.9
(103.8)
39.7
(103.5)
36.1
(97.0)
34.5
(94.1)
28.6
(83.5)
41.9
(107.4)
Average high °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
15.8
(60.4)
18.6
(65.5)
23.7
(74.7)
27.6
(81.7)
30.6
(87.1)
34.6
(94.3)
34.0
(93.2)
31.0
(87.8)
26.9
(80.4)
22.3
(72.1)
17.6
(63.7)
24.8
(76.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.1
(50.2)
10.9
(51.6)
13.6
(56.5)
18.3
(64.9)
22.5
(72.5)
25.9
(78.6)
29.1
(84.4)
28.4
(83.1)
25.7
(78.3)
21.5
(70.7)
16.8
(62.2)
11.8
(53.2)
19.6
(67.2)
Average low °C (°F) 6.9
(44.4)
7.9
(46.2)
10.3
(50.5)
14.6
(58.3)
19.0
(66.2)
22.6
(72.7)
25.1
(77.2)
24.6
(76.3)
22.2
(72.0)
17.6
(63.7)
12.9
(55.2)
8.0
(46.4)
16.0
(60.8)
Record low °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−2.6
(27.3)
−2.1
(28.2)
4.3
(39.7)
9.5
(49.1)
13.3
(55.9)
20.1
(68.2)
19.4
(66.9)
13.7
(56.7)
7.4
(45.3)
1.8
(35.2)
−4.3
(24.3)
−4.3
(24.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 57.8
(2.28)
90.3
(3.56)
162.0
(6.38)
164.1
(6.46)
208.3
(8.20)
271.1
(10.67)
144.5
(5.69)
212.7
(8.37)
147.2
(5.80)
59.2
(2.33)
49.4
(1.94)
40.6
(1.60)
1,607.2
(63.28)
Average relative humidity (%) 77 79 79 78 79 81 76 78 77 74 75 75 77
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fu-an - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  2. ^ "福安市历史沿革_行政区划网(区划地名网) www.xzqh.org". www.xzqh.org. Retrieved 2020-10-30.
  3. ^ (in Chinese) Ningde China Investment Online Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ TeaSpring.com
  5. ^ "福安概况". Archived from the original on 2018-04-09. Retrieved 2018-04-08.
  6. ^ "福安市改革开放30年成就辉煌". www.fa-today.com. Retrieved 2020-10-30.
  7. ^ (in Chinese) Ningde China Investment Online Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]