Fu Jia

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Fu Jia
Official of Cao Wei
Born 209[1]
Died 255 (aged 46)[1]
Traditional Chinese 傅嘏
Simplified Chinese 傅嘏
Pinyin Fù Jiǎ
Wade–Giles Fu Chia
Courtesy name Lanshi (traditional Chinese: 蘭石; simplified Chinese: 兰石; pinyin: Lánshí; Wade–Giles: Lan-shih)
Posthumous name Marquis Yuan (Chinese: 元侯; pinyin: Yuán Hóu; Wade–Giles: Yüan Hou)
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Fu.

Fu Jia (209–255),[1] courtesy name Lanshi, was an official of the state of Cao Wei during the Three Kingdoms period.


His grandfather was Fu Rui (傅睿), the Administrator (太守) of Dai Prefecture (代郡) in the late Han Dynasty. His father was Fu Chong (傅充), a Gentleman of the Yellow Gate (黃門侍郎). He had a son named Fu Zhi (傅祗). Fu Xuan (傅宣) and Fu Chang (傅暢) were his grandsons.

Renowned in his twenties, he was recommended by Chen Qun (陳群) and became a low-level official.

At those days, though He Yan, Deng Yang and Xiahou Xuan's fame was most popular throughout the country, Fu Jia disliked them and did not try to join them. Instead he associated with Xun Can (荀粲). Although Li Feng who was of the same provence of Fu Jia, was renowned, Fu Jia was on bad terms with Li Feng and he anticipated that Li Feng would crumble his own reputation in a short term.

In 240, he became Gentleman of the Imperial Secretariat (尚書郎) and Gentleman of the Yellow Gate (黃門侍郎).

At those days, Cao Shuang appointed He Yan as the minister of civil service affairs (吏部尚書) and made He Yan to be in charge of the personnel resources. Fu Jia advised to Cao Xi, a brother of Cao Shuang, that He Yan could not be entrusted with an important responsibility. However soon later, as his advice were heard by He Yan, Fu Jia was discharged from his position.

After then he was appointed to County Prefect (縣令) of Yingyang (滎陽) (滎陽県令), though he declined it.

Later, he received an offer from Sima Yi becoming Assistant Officer of the Household (從事中郎). After Cao Shuang lost the power, he was appointed to Intendant of Henan (河南尹) and Imperial Secretary (尚書).

In 252, as Sun Quan of Eastern Wu died, the atmosphere of conquering the Eastern Wu arose among the front line generals, Hu Zun (胡遵) of General Who Attacks the East (征東將軍), Wang Chang (王昶) of Senior General Who Attacks the South (征南大將軍) and Guanqiu Jian of General who Guards the South (鎮南將軍). When Fu Jia was asked to express his opinion, he objected to begin the campaign. At any way Hu Zun (胡遵) and Zhuge Dan met their defeat at the Battle of Dongxing (東興) by the Zhuge Ke in 252. Those days, he became a "Secondary Marquis" (關內侯).

Later in 254, Sima Shi deposed Emperor Cao Fang and made Duke of Gaogui (高貴鄉公) Cao Mao an emperor. he became Marquis of Wu (武鄉亭侯).

In 255, enraged at Sima Shi on the displacement of the emperor Cao Fang, Guanqiu Jian and Wen Qin started a rebellion in Shouchun against Sima Shi. At those days, Sima Shi was suffering from the disease of eyes, all the ministers advised Sima Shi to select Sima Fu as a commander, and to make him quell the rebellion. However Fu Jia, Wang Su and Zhong Hui were exceptions that they advised Sima Shi to command the armies in person. Fu Jia participated in the campaign as Deputy Director in the Imperial Secretariat (尚書僕射). Sima Shi's brother Sima Zhao also participated.

The rebellion was quelled, Fu Jia contributed it. During the campaign, Sima Shi's eye disease was aggravated and one of his eyes was popped out. Days later Sima Shi died.

After Sima Shi died in Xuchang, Sima Zhao commanded his brother's troops. In an attempt to prevent Sima Shi's power from being transferred to Sima Zhao the emperor Cao Mao made orders that Sima Zhao should be stationed in Xuchang and that Fu Jia would bring back the armies to the capital alone. However Fu Jia and Zhong Hui called up Sima Zhao and they all came back to the capital Luoyang with Sima Shi's troup.

Fu Jia became Marquis of Yang District (陽鄉侯). In the same year, he died.

Appointments and titles held[edit]

  • Assistant (掾) to Excellency of Works Chen Qun
  • Gentleman of the Imperial Secretariat (尚書郎)
  • Gentleman of the Yellow Gate (黃門侍郎)
  • Administrator of Xingyang (滎陽太守)
  • Assistant Officer of the Household (從事中郎)
  • Intendant of Henan (河南尹)
  • Imperial Secretary (尚書)
  • Secondary Marquis (關內侯)
  • Marquis of Wu Village (武鄉亭侯)
  • Secretary to the General-in-Chief (大將軍錄尚書事)
  • Marquis of Yang District (陽鄉侯)
The following two titles were granted to Fu Jia posthumously
  • Minister of Ceremonies (太常)
  • Marquis Yuan (元侯)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Fu Jia's biography in Records of the Three Kingdoms mentioned that he died in the 2nd year of the Zhengyuan era (254-256) in Cao Mao's reign. He was 47 years old (by East Asian age reckoning) when he died. ([正元二年] ... 是歲薨,時年四十七, ...) By calculation, Fu Jia's birth year should be around 209.