Fu Rong (Three Kingdoms)
|General of Shu Han|
Fu Rong was from Yiyang commandery, which is in present-day Xinyang, Henan. In 221, he followed Liu Bei in the campaign against Sun Quan's forces, leading to the Battle of Xiaoting. In 222, Sun Quan's general Lu Xun defeated Liu Bei's forces at Xiaoting and Yiling and forced them to retreat. Fu Rong volunteered to cover the rear during the Shu retreat. He continued to hold his ground firmly and vent his fury on the enemy even though all his comrades had already been killed. When the Wu soldiers offered him a chance to surrender, he replied, "Dogs of Wu! Do you think a Han officer will ever surrender?" He was eventually killed in action. Emperor Wu, the founding emperor of the Jin dynasty, specifically mentioned this incident in his decree.
In Luo Guanzhong's historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms, Fu Rong was renamed "Fu Tong" (傅彤). After Liu Bei's defeat at the Battle of Xiaoting, Fu Rong volunteered to cover the rear from pursuing enemy troops. He was eventually surrounded by the enemy. Sun Quan's general Ding Feng shouted at him, "Many Sichuan soldiers have died while others have surrendered. Your lord Liu Bei has been captured. Now that you're exhausted and isolated, why don't you surrender early?" Fu Rong replied furiously, "I'm a general of Han, how can I surrender to the dogs of Wu?", after which he grabbed his spear and mounted his horse, leading his men on making a last stand. However, after fighting for more than 100 rounds, Fu Rong was unable to break out of the encirclement. He sighed, "I've come to an end!", and vomited blood and died.
- (兵人死盡，吳將語肜令降，肜罵曰：「吳狗！何有漢將軍降者！」遂戰死。) Sanguozhi vol. 45.
- (蜀記載晉武帝詔曰：「...(傅)肜，復為劉備戰亡。天下之善一也，豈由彼此以為異？」) Sanguozhi vol. 45.
- Sanguo Yanyi ch. 84.