Fuaʻamotu International Airport

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Fuaʻamotu International Airport
Fua'amoto International Airport Entrance.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorMinistry of Civil Aviation
ServesNukuʻalofa, Tonga
LocationTongatapu
Elevation AMSL126 ft / 38 m
Coordinates21°14′28″S 175°08′58″W / 21.24111°S 175.14944°W / -21.24111; -175.14944Coordinates: 21°14′28″S 175°08′58″W / 21.24111°S 175.14944°W / -21.24111; -175.14944
Map
NFTF is located in Tonga
NFTF
NFTF
Location of airport in Tonga
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
11/29 8,795 2,681 Asphalt
17/35 4,951 1,509 Grass/Soil
Sources:[1][2]

Fuaʻamotu International Airport (IATA: TBU, ICAO: NFTF) is an international airport in Tonga. It is on the south side of the main island, Tongatapu, 20 km from the capital of Tonga, Nukuʻalofa. Although named after the nearby village of Fuaʻamotu, which is on Tungī's (the king's) estate, in reality the airfield is located on the Tuʻi Pelehake's estate, closer to the village of Pelehake (which did not yet exist as a village during the early aviation days).[citation needed]

Fuaʻamotu was originally built in 1942 by a civilian contractor for the US Army. It was intended as a World War II heavy bomber field, and had three coral-surfaced runways. In the late 1970s, it was expanded to permit jet aircraft to use the runways. Fuaʻamotu is now suitable for up to Boeing 767 size aircraft, but remains closed to larger jets (e.g., 747s).

Fuaʻamotu International Airport is equipped with VOR/DME (114.5) and NDB (245) navigational facilities. No ILS is available. Lighting is provided for the runway, apron, and taxiway. International airlines with regular services to Fuaʻamotu include Air New Zealand, Fiji Airways and Virgin Australia. Fiji Airways flies Boeing 737-800 aircraft from Nadi and ATR 42-500 aircraft from Suva (operated by Fiji Link). Air New Zealand flies Airbus A320 and Boeing 787 aircraft from Auckland. In March 2016, Air New Zealand announced plans to serve Fuaʻamotu with a one-off Boeing 787-9s for the AucklandTonga route due to demand on June 15, 2016.[3] Virgin Australia flies a Boeing 737-800 from Sydney and Auckland. Under Tongan law, Fuaʻamotu International Airport is closed on Sundays — only to be opened in distress, after the minister's approval.

Air traffic control[edit]

Fuaʻamotu is a total controlled aerodrome and all traffic are guided by air traffic control. The tower is contactable on 118.5, and Ground on 121.9. Outside of the hours of service at Fuaʻamotu a limited FIS is available by Auckland Oceanic.

Runway 11/29: (Elev 91 ft/28m) PCN 45 FBXT (Flexible pavement, medium subgrade strength, medium tyre pressure (1,500 kPa (220 psi)), technical evaluation completed). Runway End Identifier Lights are installed at each end of the runway, as are T-VASI glidescope indicators. Low Intensity Runway Lighting is provided, and a simple Low Intensity Lighting Approach Lighting System is installed on Runway 11.

Size restrictions[edit]

Map of Fuaʻamotu International Airport.

It is the strength of the runway rather than the length that restricts operations from Fuaʻamotu. Even a fully laden Boeing 767-300ER on a flexible pavement B strength, such as at this airport, requires a Pavement Classification Number (PCN) of 59, therefore is not allowed to takeoff with full load. The same can be said of a Boeing 747-400, which theoretically could take off and land at Fuaʻamotu length-wise, but needs a PCN of 66, and would therefore damage the runway severely in the process[citation needed] (A B747-400 weighs over twice as much as a B767-300ER).[4]

Access[edit]

There is no public bus service to the airport, but several hostels and hotels in Nukuʻalofa meet flights and taxis are available.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Air New Zealand Auckland
Real Tonga 'Eua, Ha'apai, Vava'u, Niuatoputapu, Niuafoʻou
Fiji Airways Nadi
Fiji Link Suva
Samoa Airways Charter: Apia-Faleolo
Virgin Australia Auckland, Sydney
Talofa Airways Apia-Fagali'i, Pago Pago

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Airport information for NFTF from DAFIF (effective October 2006)
  2. ^ Airport information for TBU at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
  3. ^ "Air New Zealand Plans 787 Dreamliner Debut in Tonga in mid-June 2016". airlineroute. 24 March 2016. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
  4. ^ Boeing commercial aircraft specifications Archived 2011-01-29 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Media related to Fuaʻamotu International Airport at Wikimedia Commons