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Verdite, a microcrystalline metamorphic rock, is composed mostly of green fuchsite. This specimen (6.5 cm across at its base), of Archean age, is from Barberton, Mpumalanga, South Africa
CategorySilicate mineral
Crystal systemMonoclinic
ColorLight to medium green
Crystal habitCurved aggregates
CleavagePerfect basal
Mohs scale hardness2.5
LusterVitreous to pearly
DiaphaneityTransparent to opaque
Specific gravity2.8–2.9

Fuchsite, also known as chrome mica, is a chromium (Cr)-rich variety of the mineral muscovite, belonging to the mica group of phyllosilicate minerals, with the chemical formula K(Al,Cr)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2.[2]

Trivalent chromium replaces one of the aluminium (Al) atoms in the general muscovite formula producing the apple green hue distinctive of fuchsite. It is often found in minute micaceous aggregates (with individual plates barely visible), as a major component of chromium rich phyllitic or schistose metamorphic rocks of the greenschist facies.

Verdite is a type of metamorphic rock made mostly of an impure, often multicolored, variety of fuchsite. It is used for ornamental carvings.

Fuchsite is named after the German chemist and mineralogist Johann Nepomuk von Fuchs.


Fuchsite crystallizes in the monoclinic crystal system. Common colour of the mineral is pale green to emerald green depending on the amount of Cr substitution. The micaceous crystals are flexible and slightly sectile with a hardness of 2-2.5 on the Mohs scale. Fuchsite fluoresces lime green under long wave UV light. Fuchsite's radioactivity due to its potassium (K) content is barely detectable.


  1. ^ Ronald Louis Bonewitz. Rock and Gem (1st American ed.). DK Publishing. p. 263. ISBN 978-0-7566-3342-4.
  2. ^ "Fuchsite". Mindat.org.

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