Fuerte de Punta Carnero

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Punta Carnero Fort
Native name
Spanish: Fuerte de Punta Carnero
Fuerte Punta Carnero (15).JPG
the remains of the tower of Fuerte de Punta Carnero
Location Algeciras, Spain
Coordinates 36°04′38″N 5°25′33″W / 36.07722°N 5.4258°W / 36.07722; -5.4258Coordinates: 36°04′38″N 5°25′33″W / 36.07722°N 5.4258°W / 36.07722; -5.4258
Built 1730s
Official name: Fuerte de Punta Carnero
Type Non-movable
Criteria Monument
Reference no. CA-CAS-013
Fuerte de Punta Carnero is located in Province of Cádiz
Fuerte de Punta Carnero
Location of Punta Carnero Fort in Province of Cádiz
Fuerte de Punta Carnero is located in Spain
Fuerte de Punta Carnero
Fuerte de Punta Carnero (Spain)

Fuerte de Punta Carnero was a fort near Algeciras in Spain. It was built before 1735 and was destroyed in 1810 to deny it to the French. Today all that remains are ruined foundations which are a registered Bien de Interés Cultural landmark.

Description[edit]

The fort was part of a series built along the coast which were built in sight of one another as a result of the loss of Gibraltar in 1704. The forts were there to protect shipping and to deter any invasion by a British fort from the enclave of the Rock.[1] This fort was at an important location as this is where the Bay of Gibraltar meets the rugged coast of the Strait of Gibraltar. This fort had a watchtower to enable signalling that was slightly higher on the 20 metre cliffs than the main battery. It was able to house twenty soldiers as well as an artillery officer, a Sargent and a corporal. In 1735 there were four guns and by 1796 there were five guns with two mortars. This was later extended to six 24 pounders.

Fuerte punta carnero.jpg

The Spanish fortifications around Gibraltar were destroyed in 1810 to deny their use by Napoleon's forces. the fortifications around the bay were destroyed by Portuguese sailors and this was only shortly before the French cavalry arrived in nearby San Roque.[2] The main Spanish lines were destroyed by the Commanding Royal Engineer in Gibraltar, Colonel Sir Charles Holloway, on 14 February 1810.[3]

The remains of this fort were used to construct the lighthouse which is now the main building on this promontory. There are only a few walls remaining of the old fort.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fort Punta Carnero, Castles of Spain, accessed May 2013
  2. ^ Jackson, Sir William G. F. (1990). The rock of the Gibraltarians : a history of Gibraltar (2nd ed.). Grendon: Gibraltar Books. p. 213. ISBN 0948466146. 
  3. ^ Musteen, Jason R (2011). Nelson's Refuge Gibraltar in the Age of Napoleon. New York: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1612510841.