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|Active||2001 - present|
|Motto(s)||Fuerza, Espíritu, Sabiduría (Strength, Spirit, Wisdom)|
The Fuerzas Especiales (Special Forces), also known as FES (the initials of their motto), is a special forces unit of the Mexican Navy officially established in late 2001. Its motto is "Fuerza, Espíritu, Sabiduría" (Strength, Spirit, Wisdom).
Its origin lies in the Marine Airborne Battalion of the early 1990s. The unit's mission is to carry out amphibious special operations in order to protect the nation's maritime interests. The group has 460 members divided in two groups of 230 members for each Naval Force (Pacific and Gulf). The special forces course lasts 53 weeks. These forces are capable of carrying out non-conventional warfare in the air, sea and land, by utilizing all means of infiltration available to develop the most variable operational incursions with the use of military diving techniques, parachuting, vertical descent, urban combat, sniping and use of explosives. They are units organized, trained and equipped to operate independently in maritime, lake, riverine or terrestrial scenarios. They are the equivalent of the United States Navy SEALs or the Special Boat Service of the Royal Navy. The existence of an alleged Tier 1 type unit composed by the best operators of the force has been cited in social media and news media outlets.
Operations undertaken by the Special Forces of the Mexican Navy are classified, as well as casualties and collateral damage. It has played a major active role in the Mexican Drug War, undertaking direct action missions, intelligence gathering, reconnaissance operations, personnel, weapons and facility seizures, law enforcement arrests and kill or capture missions.
The unit was made famous in the media for being responsible for Operation Black Swan, which saw the final capture of major cartel leader Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán, ending a manhunt that began after his second escape from a Mexican federal prison.
To fulfill their tasks and practice their attributes the unit's members receive specialized training in the following areas:
- Air and ground logistics
- Amphibious warfare
- Anti-aircraft warfare
- General naval forces support
- Mine warfare
- Military intelligence
- Search and rescue
- Special operations
- Submarine and counter-submarine warfare
- Surface warfare
- Brigada de Fusileros Paracaidistas
- Grupo Aeromóvil de Fuerzas Especiales
- Grupo Aeromóvil de Fuerzas Especiales del Alto Mando
- Mexican Special Forces
- Canada- Joint Task Force 2
- United Kingdom- Special Boat Service
- United States- Navy SEALs - NSWDG
- United States- Force Recon
- United States- MARSOC - Critical Skills Operator
- Brazil- Brazilian Marine Corps - COMANF