New Taipei City
|Year first constructed||1949|
|Year first lit||1962|
|Construction||reinforced concrete tower|
|Tower shape||octagonal tower with balcony and lantern on a one-story keeper’s house|
|Markings / pattern||white and black-band tower, white lantern, black lantern dome|
|Tower height||14.3 m (47 ft)|
|Focal height||31.4 m (103 ft)|
|Range||26.8 nmi (49.6 km; 30.8 mi)|
|Characteristic||Fl (2) W 15s.|
|Fog signal||one 3s. blast every 30s.|
|Managing agent||Maritime and Port Bureau|
|Postal||Fukwei Chiao Lighthouse|
The lighthouse is named after nearby Cape Fugui, the northernmost point of Taiwan. Its Japanese name was Fūki Kaku. Its Chinese name (derived from a Hokkien transcription of the Dutch word hoek, meaning "hook" or "cape") is also romanized Cape Fukwei for the Chinese Postal Map, Fu-kuei Chiao using simplified Wade-Giles, and Fugueijiao from Tongyong Pinyin. It was also sometimes known in English as the Hoek Lighthouse.
A structure was first erected on the rocks at Cape Fugui in 1896 or 1897 by the occupying Japanese. It was a terminus for undersea cables from the Japanese islands and its construction materials all came from there. It was ruined during World War II but its remains were used by China's Nationalist government for the erection of a 30 m (98 ft) octagonal iron lighthouse in 1949. The foghorn was particularly needful, owing to poor visibility in the area during the fall and winter months.
The lighthouse's current 14.3 m (47 ft) concrete black-and-white octagonal tower was raised in 1962. The height was greatly reduced to improve the reception of the nearby air force radar station.
Taiwan's Customs traditionally welcomed visitors to the lighthouse once a year on Tax Day as an open house gesture. After the enthusiastic public response to opening Eluanbi Lighthouse to more general tourism, Taiwan's Maritime and Port Bureau decided to open Fuguijiao to regular visitors in 2015. The first tourists were allowed onto the grounds on September 5, making it the 11th Taiwanese lighthouse opened to the general public. It remains inaccessible on weekdays because of the radar station. The tower itself remains closed to the public.
- Rowlett, Russ (2007), "Lighthouses of Taiwan", Lighthouse Directory, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina.
- MPB (2016), "Fukwei Chiao Lighthouse".
- Caltonhill, Mark (4 May 2012), "富貴角 Fuguei Cape, New Taipei City", From Takow to Kaohsiung, Blogspot.
- "12 Lighthouses in Taiwan to Open to Public on June 30", Want China Times, 7 June 2012.
- NTC (2019), "Fugui Cape".
- MPB (2016), "Maritime and Port Bureau Facilitates the Fugueijiao Lighthouse".
- NTC (2019), "Fugui Cape Lighthouse".
- "Taiwan's Century-Old Fugueijiao Lighthouse Opened to Public", Want China Times, 31 August 2015.
- Wang Shu-fen; et al. (21 February 2015), "Taiwan to Open Two More Lighthouses to Visitors", Focus Taiwan.
- Official site, Taipei: Maritime and Port Bureau of the Ministry of Transportation and Communication, 2016.
- Official site, New Taipei City: Tourism and Travel Department, 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fuguijiao Lighthouse.|