Fuhlsbüttel

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Fuhlsbüttel
Quarter of Hamburg
Hamburg Airport Terminal 2
Hamburg Airport Terminal 2
Location of Fuhlsbüttel in the city of Hamburg
HH-Fuhlsbüttel-quarter.jpg
Fuhlsbüttel is located in Germany
Fuhlsbüttel
Fuhlsbüttel
Fuhlsbüttel is located in Hamburg
Fuhlsbüttel
Fuhlsbüttel
Coordinates: 53°38′6″N 10°0′58″E / 53.63500°N 10.01611°E / 53.63500; 10.01611Coordinates: 53°38′6″N 10°0′58″E / 53.63500°N 10.01611°E / 53.63500; 10.01611
CountryGermany
StateHamburg
CityHamburg
BoroughHamburg-Nord
Area
 • Total6.6 km2 (2.5 sq mi)
Population
(2016)
 • Total12,590
 • Density1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Dialling codes040
Vehicle registrationHH

About this soundFuhlsbüttel  is an urban quarter in the north of Hamburg, Germany in the Hamburg-Nord district. It is known as the site of Hamburg's international airport, and as the location of a prison which served as a concentration camp in the Nazi system of repression. As a result of boundary changes, JVA Fuhlsbüttel prison is now in Ohlsdorf, Hamburg.

History[edit]

Entrance of the Camp memorial Fuhlsbüttel

In 1871, at the declaration of the German Reich the village of Fuhlsbüttel was given to the State of Hamburg.

Fuhlsbüttel concentration camp[edit]

On 4 September 1933, seven months after Hitler’s appointment as Chancellor of Germany, parts of Fühlsbüttel prison were converted into a concentration camp[1]. It was initially placed under the command of the SA. Most of the inmates were Communists, Social Democrats and other political opponents of Nazism, Jews, Jehovah's Witnesses, Romani, homosexual men and others whom the regime wanted to lock up. In 1936, the Gestapo began running the camp, then called Polizeigefängnis Fuhlsbüttel (police prison). Over 700 people were interned in the camp following Kristallnacht in 1938. Fuhlsbüttel concentration camp was referred to in common parlance as KolaFu (abbreviated from Konzentrationslager Fuhlsbüttel) and became a synonym for oppression and death through hard labor. Fuhlsbüttel was often an initial point of incarceration for prisoners who were sent on to other camps such as Buchenwald, Esterwegen, Neuengamme, Ravensbrück or Sachsenhausen. The camp was liberated on 3 May 1945, by which time over 250 people had been murdered there.

There is a memorial for the camp nearby. A famous political prisoner held at the camp was First World War veteran – turned pacifist – Kapitänleutnant Hellmuth von Mücke.

Geography[edit]

In 2006 according to the statistical office of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein, the quarter Fuhlsbüttel has a total area of 6.6 square kilometres (3 sq mi).

Climate[edit]

Fuhlsbuettel has a typical oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb).[2]

Climate data for Hamburg-Fuhlsbuttel (Hamburg Airport), elevation: 15 m, 1961-1990 normals and extremes
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.8
(55.0)
16.7
(62.1)
23.0
(73.4)
29.7
(85.5)
29.2
(84.6)
32.7
(90.9)
33.2
(91.8)
34.8
(94.6)
30.3
(86.5)
24.0
(75.2)
20.2
(68.4)
15.7
(60.3)
34.8
(94.6)
Average high °C (°F) 2.7
(36.9)
3.8
(38.8)
7.2
(45.0)
11.9
(53.4)
17.0
(62.6)
20.2
(68.4)
21.4
(70.5)
21.6
(70.9)
18.0
(64.4)
13.3
(55.9)
7.6
(45.7)
4.0
(39.2)
12.4
(54.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.5
(32.9)
1.1
(34.0)
3.7
(38.7)
7.3
(45.1)
12.2
(54.0)
15.5
(59.9)
16.8
(62.2)
16.6
(61.9)
13.5
(56.3)
9.7
(49.5)
5.1
(41.2)
1.9
(35.4)
8.7
(47.6)
Average low °C (°F) −2.2
(28.0)
−1.8
(28.8)
0.4
(32.7)
3.0
(37.4)
7.2
(45.0)
10.4
(50.7)
12.2
(54.0)
11.9
(53.4)
9.4
(48.9)
6.3
(43.3)
2.5
(36.5)
−0.7
(30.7)
4.9
(40.8)
Record low °C (°F) −20.8
(−5.4)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−13.8
(7.2)
−6.5
(20.3)
−2.2
(28.0)
0.6
(33.1)
4.2
(39.6)
1.8
(35.2)
−0.6
(30.9)
−3.3
(26.1)
−15.4
(4.3)
−18.5
(−1.3)
−20.8
(−5.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 61.0
(2.40)
41.0
(1.61)
56.0
(2.20)
51.0
(2.01)
57.0
(2.24)
74.0
(2.91)
82.0
(3.23)
70.0
(2.76)
70.0
(2.76)
63.0
(2.48)
71.0
(2.80)
72.0
(2.83)
768
(30.23)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 12.0 9.0 11.0 10.0 10.0 11.0 12.0 11.0 11.0 10.0 12.0 12.0 131
Mean monthly sunshine hours 42.2 67.0 104.7 160.7 216.8 221.8 206.7 207.3 141.1 100.7 53.0 35.2 1,557.2
Source: NOAA[3]

View climate chart 1986-2016 or 1960-1990

Demographics[edit]

As of 2006, 11,890 people were living in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter. The population density was 1,806/km2 (4,678/sq mi). 14.6% were children under the age of 18, and 20.5% were 65 years of age or older. 9.7% were immigrants. 508 people were registered as unemployed.[4] In 1999 there were 6,768 households and 49.7% of all households were made up of individuals.[5]

According to the Department of Motor Vehicles (Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt), 5,004 private vehicles were registered in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter (425 vehicles/1,000 people).[6]

There were two elementary schools and one secondary school in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter and 26 physicians in private practice and five pharmacies.[6]

Transport[edit]

Fuhlsbüttel is served by the Hamburg U-Bahn (underground) line U1, with two stations, Fuhlsbüttel and Fuhlsbüttel Nord (formerly called Flughafenstraße).

Since December 2008, Fuhlsbüttel has also been served by the Hamburg S-Bahn S1 with the Hamburg Airport station.[7]

Notable buildings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Official German list (in German) Archived April 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Hamburg Airport - SKYbrary Aviation Safety". www.skybrary.aero. Retrieved 2019-02-07.
  3. ^ "Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel (10147) - WMO Weather Station". NOAA. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
  4. ^ Residents registration office, source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)
  5. ^ Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (1999)
  6. ^ a b Source: statistical office Nord of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein (2006)
  7. ^ Staff (2008-12-14), Rapid Transit/Regional Rail (Network plan, pdf) (PDF), Hamburger Verkehrsverbund, archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-01-17, retrieved 2009-03-03

External links[edit]