Fujian White Crane
|Also known as||Pe̍h-ho̍h-kûn|
|Country of origin||China|
|Creator||Fāng Qīnián (tradition)|
|Famous practitioners||Lǐ Wénmào
|Descendant arts||Wing Chun|
|Fujian White Crane|
|Literal meaning||fist of spring chant|
|Alternative Chinese name|
|Literal meaning||fist of eternal spring|
|Fujian White Crane|
|Mandarin:||Bái Hè Quán|
|Amoy Min Nan:||Pe̍h-ho̍h-kûn|
|Literally||"white crane fist"|
White Crane Style (in Chinese: 白鶴拳) is a Southern Chinese martial art originated in Fujian (福建) province and is now practiced throughout the world. According to oral tradition, this martial art was developed by Fāng Qīniáng (方七娘; Amoy Min Nan: Hng Chhit-niâ), a female martial artist. This style includes traditional fighting techniques, mostly at close range, as if a fighter is imitating a pecking bird. The style also has long-range techniques; however, it does prefer close-quarters or hand-oriented combat which simulates the flapping of wings. Some white crane styles make use of a variety of traditional weapons however other styles have discontinued the use of weaponry.
Fujian White Crane is an imitative-style of Shaolin Boxing based on the characteristics of the Taiwanese Crane. An entire system of fighting was developed based on the observations of their movement, fighting abilities and spirit. There are five other famous animals of Shaolin Boxing: the Tiger, Monkey, Leopard, Snake and Dragon, as well as less known ones such as the Dog, Deer, Bear, etc.
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The Legend of the White Crane
Qīniáng's father knew the Southern Chinese Martial Arts and taught them to his daughter.
One day, while Qīniáng was doing her chores, a crane alighted nearby.
Qīniáng tried to scare the bird off using a stick and the skills she learned from her father but whatever she did, the crane would counter.
Qīniáng tried to hit the crane on the head, but the bird moved its head out of the way and blocked the stick with its wings.
Qīniáng tried to hit the crane's wings, but the crane stepped to the side and this time blocked with the claws of its feet. Qīniáng tried to poke the crane's body, but the crane dodged backwards and struck the stick with its beak.
From then on, Qīniáng carefully studied the movements of cranes and combined these movements with the martial arts she learned from her father, creating the White Crane style of Fujian province.
There are many versions of this legend, some in which the crane does not block the stick Qīniáng used; but it evaded, and countered. The point of the style is to make less use of physical strength, stressing evasion and attacks to vulnerable areas instead. White crane fighting elements are popular, especially in women's self-defense, because they don't depend on strength and women are able to imitate the pecking motion so common in the crane style of fighting. Popular karate bunkai (breakdown) of white crane katas like hakutsuru, stress vital point striking or kyusho.
- Bubishi George Alexander ISBN 0-9631775-1-6 and Secrets of the Bubishi DVD ASIN: B00015400K
- Bubishi Patrick Mccarthy ISBN 0-8048-2015-5
Over time White Crane branched off into 5 styles:
|Sleeping Crane Fist||宿鶴拳||sù hè quán||siok4 hoh8 kun5||also known as Jumping, or Ancestral Crane|
|Crying Crane Fist||鳴鶴拳||míng hè quán||beng5 hoh8 kun5||also known as Calling, Whooping, or Shouting Crane|
|Feeding Crane Fist||食鶴拳||shí hè quán||chiah8 hoh8 kun5||also known as Morning Crane|
|Flying Crane Fist||飛鶴拳||fēi hè quán||hui1 hoh8 kun5||aka fei hok kuen|
|Shaking Crane Fist||縱鶴拳||zong hè quán||hui1 hoh8 kun5||aka jun hok kuen|
According to the traditions of the Lee family branch of Flying Crane, Fāng Qīniáng was born in the mid-18th century.
According to its traditions, the lineage of the Ong Gong Shr Wushuguan in the town of Yǒngchūn (永春; Minnan: eng2 chhun1) in the prefecture of Quanzhou in Fujian Province was established when Fāng Qīniáng taught its founders during the reign of the Ming emperor Jiāzhèng (嘉政). However, there was no Ming emperor Jiāzhèng (嘉政); but there was a Ming emperor Jiājìng (嘉靖), who ruled from 1521 to 1566.
The Xu-Xi Dao style of White Crane as taught by Chen Zuo Zhen (Chen Zhuo Zhen) derives from Zhong-Ho 'Springing Crane' and was developed in Taiwan by Huang Lao-Yang in the 1950s.
Feeding Crane in Taiwan
The lineage of Feeding Crane in Taiwan:
- 方七娘 - Fāng Qī Niang
- 曾四叔 - Céng Sì Chū
- 鄭禮叔 - Zhèng Lǐ Shū
- 蔡忠叔 - Cài Zhōng Shū
- 蔡公頸 - Cài Gōng Jǐng
- 林德順 - Lín Dé Shùn
- 劉故 - Liú Gù
- 劉銀山 - Liú Yín Shān
- 劉長益 - Liú Zhǎng Yì (Liu Chang I)
Five Ancestors as well as various styles of Karate, notably Goju-ryu, Chitō-ryū and Uechi-ryu, obtained the routine San Chian / San Zhan (Mandarin) from Fujian White Crane. San Chian is best known by the Japanese pronunciation of its name: Sanchin. 
- Yang, Jwing-Ming (1996). Essence of Shaolin White Crane. Paul H. Crompton. ISBN 0-88696-935-2.
- "Power of the Animals". Inside Kung Fu. Retrieved 2009-12-29.
- "Five Animals Shaolin Martial Arts : Crane Fighting Style in Shaolin Martial Arts". eHow. Retrieved 2009-12-28.
- "KUNG FU PANDA: Big Bear Cat was "PO-fect"". Kung Fu Magazine. Retrieved 2009-12-27.
- Su Yin Han white crane
- White Crane Martial Arts
- Southern Crane Kungfu & Tai Chi U.K.
- FuJian White Crane Kung Fu club
- White Crane Kung Fu
- White Crane Fighting Arts
- All Masters Martial Arts Centre
- Feeding Crane - Taiwan - Liu Chang I
- Traditional White Crane Kung Fu (USA) - Dr. Lee's Academy