Fuk'anggan

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Fuk'anggan
Fuk'anggan.jpg
Viceroy of Liangguang
In office
19 February 1789 – 14 September 1793
MonarchQianlong Emperor
Preceded bySun Shiyi
Succeeded byChanglin
Personal details
Born1753
Died1796 (aged 42–43)
RelationsFuheng (father)
Empress Xiaoxianchun (aunt)
Qianlong Emperor (uncle-in-law and rumored biological father)
Yonglian (paternal first cousin)
Gurun Princess Hejing (paternal first cousin)
Yongcong (paternal first cousin)

Fuk'anggan (Manchu:ᡶᡠᠺᠠᠩᡤᠠᠨ, Möllendorff: fuk'anggan;[1][2] Chinese: 福康安; pinyin: Fúkāng'ān; 1753-1796), courtesy name Yaolin (simplified Chinese: 瑶林; traditional Chinese: 瑤林; pinyin: Yáolín), was a Manchu noble and general of the Qing Dynasty. He was from the Fuca clan and the Bordered Yellow Banner of the Eight Banners.

Fuk'anggan's father, Fuheng, brother of the Empress Xiaoxianchun, served as a grand minister of state during the middle years of the reign of the Qianlong Emperor. Fuk'anggan held various offices throughout Qianlong's reign, including Governor-General, Viceroy of Liangjiang and Viceroy of Liangguang.

The Salar Jahriyya Sufi revolt was put down by Fuk'anggan along with Agui and Li Shiyao Gansu in 1784,[3][4] while Heshen was recalled for his failure during the revolt.[5]

In 1787, 300,000 people took part in the Lin Shuangwen rebellion in Taiwan against the Qing government. Fuk'anggan commanded 20,000 troops and suppressed the rebellion.[6] In 1790, the Nepalese Gurkha army invaded Tibet and the 8th Dalai Lama, Jamphel Gyatso, escaped from Lhasa and appealed to the Qing government for help. The Qianlong Emperor appointed Fuk'anggan as commander-in-chief of the Tibetan campaign and Fuk'anggan attacked until they reach Nuwakot and being keen to protect their troops went for negotiation in the Sino-Nepalese War.[7]

Titles[edit]

  • 1776–1784: Baron Jiayong of the Third Rank (三等嘉勇男)
  • 1784–1787: Marquess Jiayong of the First Rank (一等嘉勇侯)
  • 1787–1793: Duke Jiayong of the First Rank (一等嘉勇公)
  • 1793–1796: Duke Zhongrui Jiayong (忠銳嘉勇公)
  • Posthumous title: Prince Jiayong of the Second Rank (嘉勇郡王)
  • Posthumous name: Wenxiang (文襄)

In fiction and popular culture[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Anonymous 1795, p. 84
  2. ^ Academia Sinica. "Fuk'anggan". Academia Sinica. Retrieved 2018-01-05.(in Chinese)
  3. ^ FU-K'ANG-AN
  4. ^ LI SHIH-YAO
  5. ^ HO-SHEN
  6. ^ A-KUEI
  7. ^ "Nepal and Tibetan conflict". Official website of Nepal Army.

References[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Sun Shiyi
Viceroy of Liangguang
1789─1793
Succeeded by
Zhanglin