Fukagawa, Tokyo

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Fukagawa in the evening
Fukagawa in the evening
Fukagawa is located in Special wards of Tokyo
Location in Tokyo
Coordinates: 35°40′33″N 139°47′46″E / 35.67583°N 139.79611°E / 35.67583; 139.79611
 • Total0.22 km2 (0.08 sq mi)
(August 2015)[2]
 • Total3,843
Postal Code

Fukagawa (深川) is an area in Kōtō, Japan. It is one of the representative shitamachi of Tokyo. Formerly, it was a ward of the historical Tokyo City. 


Fukagawa is named after its founder, Fukagawa Hachirozaemon. Originally, parts of Fukagawa below the Eitai river (excluding Etchujima) was sea; Hachirozaemon developed these areas with landfills. [4]

After losing about 60 percent of the city in the Great Fire of Meireki of 1657, the shogunate ordered for Buddhist temples on the east bank of the Sumida river, and on both the north and west banks of the Onagi River, to be relocated. At the time, this area was occupied mainly by fishermen, with a population of just over a thousand. In 1695, it officially became the town "Fukagawa-Sagamachi." [5]

Sagamachi was a place full of granaries storing rice and grains. The large quantity of these granaries lead to Sagamachi developing into a center for grains trade. Up until World War II, it was known to some as Tokyo's largest grain market. Later, the construction of bridges along the Sumida River (which had been previously prohibited for security purposes) allowed greater access to the area. Sagamachi became a gateway for the neighboring towns of Monzen-machi, and a red-light district developed. [5]

In 1947, Fukagawa was incorporated into the ward of Koto, together with Suginami.

Connections to Basho[edit]

Fukagawa is known for its relations to the famous Japanese poet, Matsuo Bashō. In 1680, Basho moved to Fukagawa. Here, he wrote one of his most famous poems, Frog Poem. [6]

Coordinates: 35°40′37″N 139°47′49″E / 35.67694°N 139.79694°E / 35.67694; 139.79694


  1. ^ "平成22年 東京都区市町村町丁別報告". Retrieved 29 Aug 2015.
  2. ^ "江東区の世帯と人口" (PDF). Retrieved 29 Aug 2015.
  3. ^ "江東区役所の位置・庁舎案内". Archived from the original on 2015-09-04. Retrieved 30 Aug 2015.
  4. ^ Kamon, Nanami. Taking a Walk in Old Sumida and Koto [墨東地霊散歩] (in Japanese). ISBN 978-4-7917-6866-0.
  5. ^ a b "佐賀町界隈". Retrieved 8 Sep 2015.
  6. ^ "深川芭蕉庵跡". Retrieved 19 September 2015.