Fukang (meteorite)

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NHM - Pallasit Fukang.jpg
Part of Fukang meteorite, Natural History Museum, Vienna.
Type Stony–iron
Class Pallasite
Group Main Group Pallasite (MGP)
Composition Fe 89.9 wt%, Ni 9.0 wt%, P 0.62 wt%, Co 0.51 wt%; Ge 41 µg/g, As 26 µg/g, Ga 19.1 µg/g, Pd 5.1 µg/g, Au 2.6 µg/g; Ir 43 ng/g.
Country China
Region Fukang, Xinjiang Province
Coordinates 44°26′N 87°38′E / 44.433°N 87.633°E / 44.433; 87.633Coordinates: 44°26′N 87°38′E / 44.433°N 87.633°E / 44.433; 87.633
Observed fall No
Found date 2000
TKW 1003 kg

The Fukang meteorite is a meteorite that was found in the mountains near Fukang, China in 2000. It is a pallasite—a type of stony–iron meteorite with olivine crystals.


In 2000, near Fukang, China, Asia, a Chinese dealer obtained a mass from Xinjiang Province, China, with a weight of 1,003 kilograms (2,211 lb; 157.9 st). He removed from the main mass about 20 kilograms (44 lb; 3.1 st), and in February 2005, the meteorite was taken to the Tucson Gem and Mineral Show, where it was seen by Dante Lauretta of University of Arizona. Subsequently, the mass was investigated by D.S. Lauretta, D. Hill, M. Killgore, D. Della-Giustina, and Y. Goreva at Southwest Meteorite Center, Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona in Tucson, Arizona, United States, North America.[1]

Classification and Composition[edit]

The Fukang pallasite contains large, gem quality olivine, or peridot, in a nickel-iron matrix. Olivines vary in shape from rounded to angular, many are fractured and they range in size from less than five millimetres to several centimetres. The main mass contains several regions of massive olivine clusters up to eleven centimetres (4.3 inches) in diameter with thin metal veins. Fo86.4 with molar Fe/Mg = 0.1367, Fe/Mn = 40.37, and Ni = 0.03 wt%. The metal matrix is mostly kamacite with an average Nickel contents of 6.98 wt%. Vermicular sulfide (troilite) is present in some olivine.
Oxygen isotopes: δ18O 2.569 ‰, δ17O 1.179 ‰, ∆1 7O = −0.157 ‰.[2]


A section weighing a total of 31 kilograms (68 lb; 4.9 st) of type specimen is on deposit at the University of Arizona. Marvin Killgore holds an additional section of the same total amount. An anonymous collector[who?] holds the balance of the main mass.[1]

In April 2008, Bonhams offered the main mass for auction at their Manhattan auction. Bonhams expected to fetch US$2,000,000, but the lot remained unsold. A "window" area of 19 by 36 inches (480 mm × 910 mm) was cut and polished to provide a view into the gem areas of the meteorite.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Meteoritical Bulletin Database: Fukang
  2. ^ Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 90, MAPS 41, 1383-1418 (2006)
  3. ^ Farlang Team (2008-12-07). Fukang Meteorite, Gemstone Meteorites: a Peridot from Outer Space. Farlang, 7 December 2008. Retrieved from http://www.farlang.com/art/gemstone-meteorites.

External links[edit]