Fukuchiyama Castle

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Fukuchiyama Castle
福知山城
Fukuchiyama, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan
Fukuchiyama castle01 2816.jpg
The tenshu (keep) of Fukuchiyama Castle
Typehilltop
Site information
OwnerCity of Fukuchiyama
ConditionTenshu and a few other buildings reconstructed
Site history
Built1572
Built byYokoyama clan
In use1572-1872
Materialsstone, earthwork, wood
Demolished1872
Garrison information
OccupantsYokoyama clan, Akechi Mitsuhide
Toyoiwa-no-I

Fukuchiyama Castle (福知山城, Fukuchiyama-jō) is a castle located in Fukuchiyama, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.

History[edit]

Fukuchiyama Castle was originally built and ruled by the Yokoyama family.[1] Following the capture of Tanba in 1576, Akechi Mitsuhide reconstructed the castle on the foundations of the older fortification in 1580. However, the castle, along with many other castles in Japan, was destroyed in 1872 during the Meiji Restoration in the Japanese government's attempts to modernize Japan.[2]

Today[edit]

In 1986, the tenshu, or keep, of Fukuchiyama Castle was re-built following a spirited campaign by residents of the city of Fukuchiyama. It now serves as a local history museum. Also, a well named Toyoiwa-no-I is located in the castle, and is the deepest well of any castle in Japan. Many original stone walls still stand.

The Castle was listed as one of the Continued Top 100 Japanese Castles in 2017.[3]

Sources[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Schmorleitz, Morton S. (1974). Castles in Japan. Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle Co. ISBN 0-8048-1102-4.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Welcome to Kyoto - Fukuchiyama Castle Folk Museum Archived 2008-03-15 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Kansai Collection[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "続日本100名城" (in Japanese). 日本城郭協会. Retrieved 25 July 2019.

Coordinates: 35°17′48″N 135°07′47″E / 35.296753°N 135.129625°E / 35.296753; 135.129625