Fukui (city)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Fukui, Fukui)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Fukui
福井市
Special city
From top left: Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins, Kitanosho Castle, Fukui Castle and Fukui Prefectural Government, Cherry trees along the Asuwa River, Echizen-Kaga Kaigan Quasi-National Park
From top left: Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins, Kitanosho Castle, Fukui Castle and Fukui Prefectural Government, Cherry trees along the Asuwa River, Echizen-Kaga Kaigan Quasi-National Park
Flag of Fukui
Flag
Official seal of Fukui
Seal
Location of Fukui in Fukui Prefecture
Location of Fukui in Fukui Prefecture
Fukui is located in Japan
Fukui
Fukui
 
Coordinates: 36°3′50.6″N 136°13′10.5″E / 36.064056°N 136.219583°E / 36.064056; 136.219583Coordinates: 36°3′50.6″N 136°13′10.5″E / 36.064056°N 136.219583°E / 36.064056; 136.219583
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Hokuriku)
Prefecture Fukui
Government
 • - Mayor Shin'ichi Higashimura
Area
 • Total 536.41 km2 (207.11 sq mi)
Population (July 1 2017)
 • Total 264,217
 • Density 490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
City symbols  
-Tree Pine
-Flower Hydrangea
Phone number 0776-20-5111
Address 3-10-1 Ōte, Fukui-shi, Fukui-ken 910-8511
Website www.city.fukui.lg.jp
Fukui City Hall

Fukui (福井市, Fukui-shi) is the capital city of Fukui Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 July 2018, the city had an estimated population of 264,217, and a population density of 69.2 persons per km², in 102,935 households.[1] Its total area is 536.41 square kilometres (207.11 sq mi). Most of the population lives in a small central area; the city limits include rural plains, mountainous areas, and suburban sprawl along the Route 8 bypass.

Geography[edit]

Fukui is located in the coastal plain in north-central part of the prefecture. It is bordered by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Ryōhaku Mountains to the east. The Kuzuryū River flows through the city.

Neighbouring municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Fukui has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot, humid summers and cool winters. Precipitation is high throughout the year, and is especially heavy in December and January.

Climate data for Fukui, Fukui
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
6.4
(43.5)
10.7
(51.3)
17.8
(64)
22.6
(72.7)
25.7
(78.3)
29.8
(85.6)
31.5
(88.7)
26.9
(80.4)
21.0
(69.8)
15.4
(59.7)
9.5
(49.1)
18.6
(65.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
2.7
(36.9)
5.9
(42.6)
12.5
(54.5)
17.5
(63.5)
21.2
(70.2)
25.4
(77.7)
26.7
(80.1)
22.1
(71.8)
15.9
(60.6)
10.5
(50.9)
5.5
(41.9)
14
(57.3)
Average low °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
−0.5
(31.1)
1.8
(35.2)
7.7
(45.9)
12.7
(54.9)
17.5
(63.5)
21.7
(71.1)
22.6
(72.7)
18.4
(65.1)
11.6
(52.9)
6.4
(43.5)
2.2
(36)
10.2
(50.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 306.9
(12.083)
193.2
(7.606)
148.1
(5.831)
141.1
(5.555)
145.8
(5.74)
204.7
(8.059)
220.0
(8.661)
133.6
(5.26)
216.8
(8.535)
162.4
(6.394)
202.7
(7.98)
293.0
(11.535)
2,368.3
(93.239)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 136
(53.5)
93
(36.6)
20
(7.9)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
46
(18.1)
296
(116.5)
Average relative humidity (%) 82 79 73 69 70 76 77 75 78 77 78 81 76
Mean monthly sunshine hours 58.8 73.6 130.5 164.3 196.1 147.7 167.3 204.1 140.7 145.4 104.5 68.6 1,601.6
Source: NOAA (1961-1990)[2]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Fukui has remained relatively steady over the past 40 years.

Census Year Population
1970 231,901
1980 259,638
1990 270,911
2000 269,557
2010 266,796

History[edit]

Fukui was part of ancient Echizen Province, and developed as a castle town and centre of Fukui Domain during the Edo period Tokugawa shogunate. Fukui Domain played a key role in the Meiji restoration. The modern city of Fukui was founded with the creation of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889.

During the pre-war period, Fukui grew to become an important industrial and railroad centre. Factories in the area produced aircraft parts, electrical equipment, machine motors, various metal products and textiles. Fukui was largely destroyed on June 19, 1945 during the Bombing of Fukui during World War II. Of the city's 1.9 Sq. Miles at the time, 84.8% of Fukui was destroyed, per the United States Army Air Forces's Strategic Bombing Survey (Pacific War)

Fukui was again devastated by a major earthquake in 1948.

On February 1, 2006, the town of Miyama (from Asuwa District), the town of Shimizu, and the village of Koshino (both from Nyū District) were merged into Fukui.

Government[edit]

Fukui has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 32 members. The city also contributes 12 members to the Fukui Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, Fukui forms part of Fukui 1st district, a single-member constituency of the House of Representatives in the national Diet of Japan.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Fukui is mixed. The city is a regional commercial and finance centre; however, manufacturing, agriculture and commercial fishing also are amor contributors to the local economy.

Industry[edit]

Fukui is home to several companies, including:

Education[edit]

Universities and colleges[edit]

Secondary schools[edit]

  • Fujishima Senior High School
  • Koshi Senior High School
  • Fukui Commercial Senior High School
  • Usui Senior High School
  • Asuwa Senior High School
  • Michimori Senior High School
  • Kagaku-Gijutsu Senior High School
  • Fukui Norin Senior High School
  • Hokuriku Senior High School
  • Fukui University of Technology - Fukui Senior High School
  • Jin-ai Girl's Senior High School
  • Keishin Senior High School
  • Fukui Minami Senior High School

Other schools[edit]

Transport[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Visitor attractions[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Official home page
  2. ^ "Fukui Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
  3. ^ Fukui population statistics
  4. ^ "Corporate Profile." Kumagai Gumi. Retrieved on August 31, 2017."
  5. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20031121113413/http://www.hks35.ac.jp/

External links[edit]