Location of Fukui in Fukui Prefecture
|• Mayor||Shin'ichi Higashimura|
|• Total||536.17 km2 (207.02 sq mi)|
|Population (November 1, 2009)|
|• Density||499/km2 (1,290/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|City hall address||3-10-1 Ōte, Fukui-shi, Fukui-ken
As of November 1, 2009, the city has an estimated population of 267,428 and a population density of 499 persons per km². The total area is 536.17 km². Most of the population lives in a small central area; the city limits include rural plains, mountainous areas, and suburban sprawl along the Route 8 by-pass.
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The city was incorporated under its present name on April 1, 1889, although it had been an important city in the region for at least 1000 years before that, serving as the capital of Echizen province during the Edo period (1603–1868).
Fukui was devastated by Allied bombing in 1945. American heavy bombers leveled some 86% of the city during the United States sustained strategic carpet-bombing campaign against the Empire of Japan. Fukui was again devastated by a major earthquake in 1948. The city has regained its energy and vitality. Hence the city's official symbol, the phoenix.
Fukui has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot, humid summers and cool winters. Precipitation is high throughout the year, and is especially heavy in December and January.
|Climate data for Fukui, Fukui|
|Average high °C (°F)||5.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||2.6
|Average low °C (°F)||−0.2
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||306.9
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||136
|Average relative humidity (%)||82||79||73||69||70||76||77||75||78||77||78||81||76.3|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||58.8||73.6||130.5||164.3||196.1||147.7||167.3||204.1||140.7||145.4||104.5||68.6||1,601.6|
|Source: NOAA (1961-1990) |
Fukui is home to several companies, including:
- Aoyama Harp, the only harp manufacturer in Japan
- Matsuura Machinery, an international heavy machinery manufacturing company
- Morinaga Hokuriku Dairy, a dairy products subsidiary of Morinaga Milk Industry
- Emori Shoji, a trading house with strong ties to China
Fukui Station is the city's central railway station; it is a major stop on the JR West Hokuriku Main Line. It also serves as the terminus for the JR Etsumi-Hoku Line (Kuzuryū Line), the Fukui Railway Fukubu Line, and the Echizen Railway Mikuni Awara and Katsuyama Eiheiji lines.
The Hokuriku Expressway provides access through the city to the north and south. The Fukui and Fukui-Kita interchanges are located within the city limits.
National Route 8, also known as the Fukui Bypass, parallels the Hokuriku Expressway through the city. Other major highways include:
- Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins, one of the most important cultural heritage sites in Japan
- Yōkōkan Garden
- Fukui Castle
- Fukui Fine Arts Museum
- Kitanosho Castle
- Asuwa River
- Harmony Hall Fukui
- Fukui International Activities Plaza
- "Yoroppaken", creator of Fukui's trademark dish, sauce katsudon (ソースカツ丼?)
- Peace Pagoda, the second of its kind in the world, inaugurated in 1959
Universities and colleges
- Fukui Prefectural University
- University of Fukui
- Fukui University of Technology
- Jin-ai Women's College
- Fukui College of Health Sciences
- Fujishima Senior High School
- Koshi Senior High School
- Fukui Commercial Senior High School
- Usui Senior High School
- Asuwa Senior High School
- Michimori Senior High School
- Kagaku-Gijutsu Senior High School
- Fukui Norin Senior High School
- Hokuriku Senior High School
- Fukui University of Technology - Fukui Senior High School
- Jin-ai Girl's Senior High School
- Keishin Senior High School
- Fukui Minami Senior High School
- Fukui Prefectural School for the Blind
- Fukui Prefectural School for the Deaf
- A North Korean school: Hokuriku Korean Elementary and Junior High School (北陸朝鮮初中級学校).
- New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States (since May 1982)
- Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China (since November 1989)
- Winsen (Luhe), Lower Saxony, Germany
- Fullerton, California, United States (since November 1989)
- Suwon, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea (since December 2001)
Attack on Fukui during WWII
Fukui was an important military target in the war efforts against Japan during World War II. That was because Fukui was an important industrial and railroad center. 95% percent of known industries were in the target area of the attack; which produced aircraft parts, electrical equipment, machine motors, various metal products and textiles. The attack was meant to destroy industries, disrupt rail communications, and decrease Japan’s recuperative potential. Bombing raids of the city took place on July 19, 1945. Of the city's 1.9 Sq. Miles at the time, 84.8% of Fukui was destroyed.
- "Fukui Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- City of Sabae website (Japanese)
- “21st Bomber Command Tactical Mission Report 277 to 281, Ocr.pdf”, n.d.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Fukui.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fukui, Fukui.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Fukui, Fukui.|
- Fukui City official website (Japanese)