Current map of Fukui Prefecture
Fukui Prefecture ( is a 福井県 Fukui-ken) prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region on Honshū island. The capital is the city of [1 ] Fukui. [2 ]
Prehistory [ edit ]
Kitadani Dinosaur Quarry, on the Sugiyama River within the city limits of Katsuyama, has yielded the and Fukuiraptor kitadaniensis as well as an unnamed Fukuisaurus tetoriensis dromaeosaurid and a sauropod, . It also shows the coexistence of Fukuititan pterosaurs and birds, in the forms of comingled tracks.
History [ edit ]
Fukui originally consisted of the
old provinces of Wakasa and Echizen, before the prefecture was formed in 1871. [3 ]
Edo period, the daimyō of the region was surnamed Matsudaira, and was a descendant of Tokugawa Ieyasu.
World War II, the city was heavily bombed and its palace, surrounded by a moat, was demolished. The Fukui Prefectural government buildings were built on the site.
Geography [ edit ]
The province faces the
Sea of Japan, and has a western part (formerly Wakasa) which is a narrow plain between the mountains and the sea, and a larger eastern part (formerly Echizen) with wider plains including the capital and most of the population. The mountain side of the eastern part has much snow in winter.
As of 31 March 2008, 15% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as
Natural Parks, namely the Hakusan National Park; Echizen-Kaga Kaigan and Wakasa Wan Quasi-National Parks; and Okuetsu Kōgen Prefectural Natural Park. [4 ]
Nine cities are located in Fukui Prefecture:
These are the towns in each
Mergers [ edit ]
Economy [ edit ]
Sabae is known for producing 90% of Japan's domestically-made glasses. There are several nuclear power plants located along Wakasa Bay in
Tsuruga which supply power to the Keihanshin metropolitan region. It has 14 reactors, the most of any prefecture. [5 ]
Demographics [ edit ]
Fukui is one of the less populated prefectures of Japan; in September 2015 there were an estimated 785,508 people living in 281,394 households.
As seen in most of Japan, Fukui is facing the problem of both an aging and decreasing population; 28.6% of the population were over the age of 65 in July 2015 [6 ] and the population has decreased 2.6% from the 806,000 measured in the October 2010 national census. [6 ] [7 ]
Culture [ edit ]
Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins is one of the most important cultural heritage sites in Japan.
Eihei-ji is a serene temple offering training and education to Buddhist monks. Founded by Dogen Zenji in 1244, Eiheiji is located on a plot of land covering about 33 hectares.
Myōtsū-ji's Three-storied Pagoda and Main Hall are National Treasures of Japan. Fukui is home to
Maruoka Castle, the oldest standing castle in Japan. It was built in 1576. Many dinosaur fossils have been excavated in Fukui and they can been seen at the
Fukui Prefectural Dinosaur Museum. Residents of Fukui Prefecture have a distinctive accent,
Fukui-ben. Fukui has long been a center for papermaking in Japan (along with Kyoto). Its Echizen Papermaking Cooperative is a world-famous collection of papermakers making paper in the traditional Echizen style.
Fukui is also renowned for its clean water and crops, which result in delicious sake, rice, and soba noodles.
Friendship cities [ edit ]
Education [ edit ]
University [ edit ]
Transportation [ edit ]
Railroad [ edit ]
Expressway and Toll Road [ edit ]
Hokuriku Expressway Maizuru-Wakasa Expressway
Chubu Jukan Expressway
Mikata Lake Rainbow Road
Mount Hoonji Toll Road
National Highway [ edit ]
Tourism [ edit ]
Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins
Tōjinbō, a scenic piece of coastline, which is also a notorious spot for suicide.
Echizen crabs are a local delicacy available year-round, though the crabbing season is during the winter. Another traditional sea-side Fukui dish is
genge, a small guppy-like fish that when eaten raw as sashimi, gives the body a brief tingling sensation.
Awara is a famous onsen in the north of the prefecture.
^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Fukui-ken" in , p. 217, at Japan Encyclopedia , p. 217 Google Books; "Chūbu" , p. 126, at Japan Encyclopedia , p. 126 Google Books.
^ Nussbaum, "Fukui" in , p. 217, at Japan Encyclopedia , p. 217 Google Books.
^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in , p. 780, at Japan Encyclopedia , p. 780 Google Books.
^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment . Retrieved . 4 February 2012
^ Fujioka, Chisa. "Japan anti-nuclear movement gains traction as crisis drags on". Reuters. 2011-04-08. Retrieved 2014-02-07.
^ a b "福井県の推計人口" [Fukui Prefecture Population Estimate] (in Japanese). Fukui Prefectural Government. 1 October 2015 . Retrieved . 27 October 2015
^ "第２章 人口の地域分布" [Regional distribution of population] (PDF) (in Japanese) . Retrieved . 27 October 2015
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]
Coordinates: 35°59′N 136°11′E / 35.983°N 136.183°E