Fukushima Domain (福島藩 Fukushima-han) was a fudai feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan, located in southern Mutsu Province. It was centered on Fukushima Castle in what is now the city of Fukushima in Fukushima Prefecture. For the majority of its history it was ruled by a branch of the Itakura clan.
The area around Fukushima in the Muromachi period was part of the territory of the Date clan. Data Mochimune built Daibutsu Castle (大仏城 Daibutsu-jō) on the site of present Fukushima Castle in 1413. In 1592, the area came under the control of Gamō Ujisato, and renamed the castle "Fukushima Castle". In 1600, the Battle of Matsukawa was found outside the castle. Following the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate, Fukushima was the centre of a tenryō territory with a kokudaka of 200,000 koku. In 1679, Honda Tadakuni was transferred from Yamato-Komiyama Domain, marking the start of Fukushima Domain. However, he only ruled for three years before being transferred to Himeji Domain. Fukushima Domain was re-established in 1686 for Hotta Masanaka, formerly of Yamagata Domain. His son, Hotta Masatora was transferred back to Yamagata in 1700. Fukushima Domain was once again revived in 1702 for Itakura Shigehiro, formerly of Itaki Domain in Shinano Province. His branch of the Itakura clan continued to rule Fukushima to the Meiji restoration.
During the Bakumatsu period, with the start of the Boshin War, the domain joined the Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei; however, its support of the Tokugawa cause was lukewarm, and upon hearing of the fall of neighbouring Nihonmatsu Castle to the Satchō Alliance, the 11th daimyo, Itakura Katsumi, surrendered the castle without a fight. His successor, Itakura Katsusato, moved his seat from Fukushima to an exclave controlled by the domain at Shigehara in Mikawa Province in 1869. he was later granted the kazoku title of shishaku (viscount) and served as a member of the House of Peers in the Meiji government.
After the abolition of the han system in July 1871, Fukushima Domain became part of Fukushima Prefecture.
Holdings at the end of the Edo period
As with most domains in the han system, Fukushima Domain consisted of several discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.
- Mutsu Province (Iwashiro Province)
- 19 villages in Shinobu District
- Kazusa Province
- 4 villages in Yamabe District
- Mikawa Province
- ? villages in Hazu District
List of daimyō
|#||Name||Tenure||Courtesy title||Court Rank||kokudaka||Notes|
|Honda clan (fudai) 1679–1682|
|1||Honda Tadakuni (本多忠国)||1679–1682||Nakatsukasa-daiyu (中務大輔) Jijū(侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||150,000 koku||Transfer from Yamato-Komiyama Domain
transfer to Himeji Domain
|Hotta clan (fudai) 1686-1700|
|1||Hotta Masanaka (堀田正仲)||1686-1694||Shimosa-no-kami (下総守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||100,000 koku||Transfer from Yamagata Domain|
|2||Hotta Masatora (堀田正虎)||1694-1700||Izu-no-kami (伊豆守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||100,000 koku||Transfer to Yamagata Domain|
|Itakura clan (fudai) 1702-1868|
|1||Itakura Shigehiro (板倉重寛)||1702-1717||Kai-no-kami (甲斐守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||30,000 koku||Transfer from Itaki Domain|
|2||Itakura Shigeyasu (板倉重泰)||1717-1718||Izumo-no-kami (出雲守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||30,000 koku|
|3||Itakura Katsusato (板倉勝里)||1718-1743||Kai-no-kami (甲斐守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||30,000 koku|
|4||Itakura Katsutsugu (板倉勝承)||1743-1765||Naizen-no-kami (内膳正)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||30,000 koku|
|5||Itakura Katsutō (板倉勝任)||1765-1766||-none-||-none-||30,000 koku|
|6||Itakura Katsuyuki (板倉勝行)||1766-1773||Bitchu-no-kami (備中守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||30,000 koku|
|7||Itakura Katsunori (板倉勝矩)||1773-1775||Kawachi-no-kami (河内守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||30,000 koku|
|8||Itakura Katsunaga (板倉勝長)||1775-1815||Naizen-no-kami (内膳正)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||30,000 koku|
|9||Itakura Katsutoshi (板倉勝俊)||1815-1834||Kai-no-kami (甲斐守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||30,000 koku|
|10||Itakura Katsuteru (板倉勝顕)||1834-1866||Naizen-no-kami (内膳正)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||30,000 koku|
|11||Itakura Katsunao (板倉勝尚)||1866-1868||Kai-no-kami (甲斐守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||30,000 koku|
|11||Itakura Katsusato (板倉勝達)||1866-1868||Naizen-no-kami (内膳正)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||30,000 koku||transfer to Shigehara Domain|
- Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
- Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.
- Papinot, E (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tuttle (reprint) 1972.
- (in Japanese) Fukushima Domain on "Edo 300 HTML" (24 Sept. 2007)
|This Japanese history–related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|