Fulbright–Hays Act of 1961

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Fulbright–Hays Act of 1961
Great Seal of the United States
Long title An Act to provide for the improvement and strengthening of the international relations of the United States by promoting better mutual understanding among the peoples of the world through educational and cultural exchanges.
Acronyms (colloquial) MECEA
Nicknames Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961
Enacted by the 87th United States Congress
Effective September 21, 1961
Citations
Public law 87–256
Statutes at Large 75 Stat. 527
Codification
Titles amended 22 U.S.C.: Foreign Relations and Intercourse
U.S.C. sections amended 22 U.S.C. ch. 18 § 1431 et seq.
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the House as H.R. 8666 by Wayne Hays (DOH) on August 31, 1961
  • Committee consideration by House Foreign Affairs, Senate Foreign Relations
  • Passed the Senate on July 14, 1961 (79-5, in lieu of S. 1154)
  • Passed the House on September 6, 1961 (329-66)
  • Reported by the joint conference committee on September 15, 1961; agreed to by the Senate on September 15, 1961 (Agreed) and by the House on September 16, 1961 (Agreed)
  • Signed into law by President John F. Kennedy on September 21, 1961

The Fulbright–Hays Act of 1961 is officially known as the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 (Pub.L. 87–256, 75 Stat. 527). It was marshalled by United States Senator J. William Fulbright (D-AR) and passed by the 87th United States Congress on September 16, 1961, the same month the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and Peace Corps Act of 1961 were enacted.

The legislation was enacted into law by the 35th President of the United States John Kennedy on September 21, 1961.[1]

Purpose[edit]

As the preamble of the Fulbright–Hays Act of 1961 states:

The purpose of this chapter is to enable the Government of the United States to increase mutual understanding between the people of the United States and the people of other countries by means of educational and cultural exchange; to strengthen the ties which unite us with other nations by demonstrating the educational and cultural interests, developments, and achievements of the people of the United States and other nations, and the contributions being made toward a peaceful and more fruitful life for people throughout the world; to promote international cooperation for educational and cultural advancement; and thus to assist in the development of friendly, sympathetic, and peaceful relations between the United States and the other countries of the world.[2]

See also[edit]

FRIENDSHIP Act of 1993
Fulbright Program
United States Information and Educational Exchange Act of 1948

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peters, Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "John F. Kennedy: "Remarks Upon Signing the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act.," September 21, 1961". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara. Retrieved 12 March 2017. 
  2. ^ "Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-07-25. 

External links[edit]