Fulgencio Yegros

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Fulgencio Yegros
Fulgencio Yegros, first ruler of Paraguay.
Fulgencio Yegros, first ruler of Paraguay.
Native name Fulgencio Yegros y Franco de Torres
Born 1780 (1780)
Quyquyhó
Died 1821 (1822) (aged 41)
Occupation President of Paraguay

Fulgencio Yegros y Franco de Torres (born 1780 in Quyquyhó, died 1821) was Paraguayan soldier and first head of state of independent Paraguay. The town of Yegros is named in his honor.

Life[edit]

Yegros was born to a family of military tradition and also pursued a military career. Grandson of governor Fulgencio Yegros y Ledesma.He studied in Asunción and joined the Spanish colonial army. He had his first combat experiences in 1802 against the Portuguese and in 1807 when he was part of the Paraguayan forces that defended Buenos Aires during British invasions of the Río de la Plata. He reached the rank of captain in 1810 and was given the governorship of Misiones. Later he founded the first military academy in independent Paraguay

In early 1811 he participated in Paraguay campaign and defended Paraguay against the invadiers led by Manuel Belgrano.

Yegros and Pedro Juan Caballero were the main military figures in the Revolution of May 1811, which led to the Independence of Paraguay. Following independence, from June 19, 1811 until October 12, 1813 Yegros was President of the five-man ruling Junta Superior Gubernativa which in 1813 was replaced by a two-man consulate. Yegros and José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia were chosen by Congress in 1813 as Consuls of the Republic following the model of the French Revolution.

Yegros was more of a military man than politician, and in his role as Consul of Paraguay was marginalised by Francia. His term as Consul was from 12 February 1814 to 12 June 1814.[1] After his last consular term in 1814, Francia was elected the dictator of Paraguay and Yegros retired from public life to his estate.

In 1820 Yegros was a participant in the unsuccessful plot that tried to oust Francia from power. Following the failure of the plot, Yegros was imprisoned and was executed on 17 July, 1821.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "paraguay". info-regenten.de. Retrieved 5 April 2014. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Position created
Consul of Paraguay
1811–1813
Succeeded by
José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia
Preceded by
José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia
Consul of Paraguay
1814
Succeeded by
José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia