Full Metal Panic!

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Full Metal Panic!
Lightfmpanic.jpg
Cover of the first light novel
フルメタル·パニック!
(Furumetaru Panikku!)
Genre Action, Comedy-Drama, Romance, Mecha, Military science fiction
Light novel
Written by Shoji Gatoh
Illustrated by Shiki Dōji
Published by Fujimi Shobo
English publisher
Demographic Seinen
Imprint Fujimi Fantasia Bunko
Magazine Dragon Magazine
Original run September 18, 1998August 20, 2011
Volumes 23 (List of volumes)
Manga
Written by Shoji Gatoh
Illustrated by Retsu Tateo
Published by Fujimi Shobo
English publisher
Demographic Shōnen
Imprint Dragon Comics Age
Magazine Monthly Comic Dragon
Original run August 30, 2000July 1, 2005
Volumes 9 (List of volumes)
Manga
Full Metal Panic! Overload![1]
Written by Shoji Gatoh
Illustrated by Tomohiro Nagai
Published by Kadokawa Shoten
English publisher
Demographic Seinen
Imprint Kadokawa Comics Dragon Jr.
Magazine Monthly Dragon Junior
Original run January 30, 2001April 1, 2003
Volumes 5 (List of volumes)
Anime television series
Directed by Koichi Chigira
Produced by Shigeaki Tomioka
Tsuneo Takechi
Masafumi Fukui
Toshihito Suzuki
Written by Fumihiko Shimo
Koichi Chigira
Shoji Gatoh
Music by Toshihiko Sahashi
Studio Gonzo
Licensed by
Network WOWOW
English network
Original run January 8, 2002June 18, 2002
Episodes 24 (List of episodes)
Manga
Full Metal Panic! Surplus[1]
Written by Shoji Gatoh
Illustrated by Tomohiro Nagai
Published by Kadokawa Shoten
Demographic Seinen
Imprint Kadokawa Comics Dragon Jr.
Published July 1, 2003
Anime television series
Manga
Full Metal Panic! Comic Mission[1]
Written by Shoji Gatoh
Illustrated by Retsu Tateo
Published by Kadokawa Shoten
Demographic Seinen
Imprint Kadokawa Comics Dragon Jr.
Original run November 1, 2003September 1, 2006
Volumes 7 (List of volumes)
Anime television series
Full Metal Panic! The Second Raid
Directed by Yasuhiro Takemoto
Produced by Hiroyuki Kitaura
Tomoko Suzuki
Satoshi Matsui
Tsuneo Takechi
Written by Shoji Gatoh
Music by Toshihiko Sahashi
Studio Kyoto Animation
Licensed by
Network WOWOW
Original run July 13, 2005October 19, 2005
Episodes 13 (List of episodes)
Manga
Full Metal Panic! Sigma
Written by Shoji Gatoh
Illustrated by Hiroshi Ueda
Published by Fujimi Shobo
English publisher
Demographic Seinen
Imprint Dragon Comics Age[2]
Magazine Monthly Dragon Age[2]
Original run August 1, 2005September 20, 2013
Volumes 19 (List of volumes)
Original video animation
Full Metal Panic! The Second Raid
Directed by Yasuhiro Takemoto
Produced by Tomoko Suzuki
Tsuneo Takechi
Written by Shoji Gatoh
Music by Toshihiko Sahashi
Studio Kyoto Animation
Licensed by
Released May 26, 2006
Runtime 29 minutes
Light novel
Full Metal Panic! Another
Written by Naoto Ōguro
Illustrated by Shiki Dōji
Published by Fujimi Shobo
Demographic Seinen
Imprint Fujimi Fantasia Bunko
Magazine Dragon Magazine
Original run August 20, 2011February 20, 2016
Volumes 13 (List of volumes)
Manga
Full Metal Panic! Another
Written by Naoto Ōguro
Illustrated by Yō Taichi
Published by Kadokawa Shoten
Demographic Shonen[3]
Imprint Kadokawa Comics Ace
Magazine Newtype Ace
Original run March 26, 2012August 26, 2014
Volumes 6 (List of volumes)
Manga
Full Metal Panic! 0 ―ZERO―[4]
Written by Shoji Gatoh
Illustrated by Tetsurō Kasahara
Published by Fujimi Shobo
Demographic Shonen[5]
Imprint Dragon Comics Age[6]
Magazine Monthly Dragon Age[6]
Original run September 20, 2013 – present
Volumes 5 (List of volumes)
Manga
Full Metal Panic! Another Sigma
Written by Naoto Ōguro
Illustrated by Yō Taichi
Published by Kadokawa Shoten
Demographic Shonen[7]
Imprint Kadokawa Comics Ace
Magazine Kadokawa Niconico Ace[8]
Original run February 26, 2015 – present
Volumes 2 (List of volumes)

Full Metal Panic! (フルメタル·パニック! Furumetaru Panikku!?, often abbreviated to FMP!) is a series of light novels written by Shoji Gatoh and illustrated by Shiki Douji. The series follows Sousuke Sagara, a member of the covert anti-terrorist private military organization known as Mithril, tasked with protecting Kaname Chidori, a hot-headed Japanese high school girl.

Individual chapters are published on Monthly Dragon Magazine, followed by a paperback compilation released by Fujimi Shobo's Fujimi Fantasia Bunko. The novels are split between stories focusing on Sousuke's mission as a soldier of Mithril and comedic side stories centered on his life at Jindai High School.

The series has been adapted into different media; including three animated television series: Full Metal Panic! by Gonzo in 2002, Full Metal Panic? Fumoffu and Full Metal Panic! The Second Raid by Kyoto Animation in 2003 and 2005 respectively. An OVA was also released in 2006; and five different manga series.

Tokyopop licensed the novels for English-language publication in North America[9] and released parts of the series, while ADV Films licensed and dubbed the first season and the spin-off. The second season was licensed by Kadokawa Pictures USA with ADV Films producing the dub yet again. Mandalay Pictures acquired the film rights to the series in 2009.[10] At Anime USA 2009, Funimation announced that it had acquired the rights to the first and second series of Full Metal Panic! and both were re-released and remastered on DVD and Blu-ray in 2010.[11][12] The series began airing in North America on November 22, 2010, on the FUNimation Channel.[13] The Fumoffu series made its North American television debut on the FUNimation Channel on November 15, 2010.[14] A spin-off to the light-novel series, called Full Metal Panic! Another, has begun in 2011 and ended in 2016. It received a manga adaptation split in two series the second of which is still being published.

Plot[edit]

The series follows Sousuke Sagara, a member of a covert anti-terrorist private military organization known as Mithril, tasked with protecting Kaname Chidori, a spirited Japanese high school girl. He moves to Japan to study at Chidori's school, Jindai High School, with assistance from his comrades Kurz Weber and Melissa Mao. Having never experienced social interactions, Sousuke is found as a military maniac by his schoolmates as he interprets everyday situations from a combat perspective. He comes to relate with Chidori who realizes that Sousuke is protecting her, but he does not reveal the reasons due to orders as well as the fact that he does not know why Chidori is being targeted by different organizations.

Development[edit]

When starting the series, Shoji Gatoh commented that as the series' theme was "Boy Meets Girl." Gatoh worked in the order to keep that as the focus regardless of the several other conflicts the story presented.[15]

A new anime for Full Metal Panic! was announced at Fantasia Bunko Festival October 24, 2015. However, there are no details as of yet.[16]

Media[edit]

Light novels[edit]

The light novel series Full Metal Panic! is written by Shoji Gatoh and illustrated by Shiki Douji. It was serialised by Fujimi Shobo in its monthly magazine Gekkan Dragon Magazine since June 1998 and published under the Fujimi Fantasia Bunko imprint in tankōbon format since September 1998. Gatoh often found delays in writing of the novels, which led to delays to the publication of the series' volumes.[17] The series focuses on Sergeant Sousuke Sagara's arrival to the Jindai High School where he was assigned to protect the student Kaname Chidori while also acting as a student.

A total of twelve full length volumes have been released from September 18, 1998, to August 20, 2010.[18][19] In parallel to the twelve volumes, nine autoconclusive light novels of the series (which form the short story collection) have also been published from December 17, 1998, to August 20, 2011.[20][21] Finally two more volumes titled Side Arms[22][23] focusing on the past of some characters (which form the side story collection) and the birth of Mithril and Amalgam have been published on April 20, 2004 and July 20, 2006. In contrast to the full length volumes, short story collection focuses on the comedy elements from the series. In January 2010, Gatoh wrote another of these stories in celebration of Gekkan Dragon Magazine's 300th issue,[24] which has been included in the last short story collection volume. Another series of spin-off novels has been released by Naoto Ōguro with supervision of Shoji Gatoh from August 20, 2011 to February 20, 2016, consisting of thirteen volumes and set years after the original series' ending.[25] The light novels have also been adapted into various manga,[26] as well as three anime TV series and an OVA episode for which Gatoh was also part of the staff.[27]

Tokyopop licensed the Full Metal Panic! series for North America release, publishing the first regular light novel on September 11, 2007.[28] The latest released volume is the fourth on February 1, 2011, which is a compilation from the original fourth and fifth full length volumes from the series.[29][30] No short story collection volumes nor side story collection ones have been published and the company has shut down its publishing operations in North America on May 31, 2011. In 2015, at Anime Expo and San Diego Comic-Con, Tokyopop announced that it would be relaunching its publishing operations in North America in 2016 and that they will consider light novels,[31] but nothing has been disclosed about Full Metal Panic! novels publication.

Manga[edit]

Full Metal Panic! was adapted into a manga on several occasions. The first series entitled Full Metal Panic, was serialized in Monthly Comic Dragon by Retsu Tateo. The first Full Metal Panic! manga was collected in nine tankōbon volumes published from August 30, 2000, to July 1, 2005.[32][33] Full Metal Panic! was one of the first manga licensed by ADV Manga, being announced in July 2003.[34] They released all of its volumes from November 10, 2003[35] to April 11, 2006.[36] A parallel series entitled Full Metal Panic! Comic Mission (フルメタル・パニック! Comic Mission?), was also written by Retsu Tateo and focuses on the comedy elements from the series. Seven volumes were published from November 1, 2003, to September 1, 2006.[37][38]

Another spin-off series is Full Metal Panic! Overload! (いきなり! フルメタル・パニック! Ikinari! Furumetaru Panikku!?) by Tomohiro Nagai. It was released in five volumes from January 30, 2001, to April 1, 2003.[39][40] Overload was licensed by ADV Manga in December 2004,[41] and all of its volumes were published in English from June 6, 2005, to May 24, 2006.[42][43] Nagai also wrote Full Metal Panic! Surplus (フルメタル・パニック!SURPLUS?) which is a single tankōbon manga published on July 1, 2003, focused more on the action elements from the franchise.[44] Next manga adaptation Full Metal Panic! Sigma (フルメタル・パニック!Σ?) was written by Shoji Gatoh and illustrated by Hiroshi Ueda and focuses on the missions of Sousuke as a sergeant. The first volume was published on August 1, 2005, and the last volume, the nineteenth, was published on September 20, 2013.[45][46] Its events are based from the fourth Full Metal Panic! light novel onwards.[26]

Anime[edit]

Full Metal Panic![edit]

The anime series was produced by Gonzo Digimation and originally aired in 2002 after its original air date was canceled because of the September 11 attacks.[47] The series was licensed by ADV Films for North American release in 2003. The first three novels form the basis for the anime. The series was available on the Anime Network on Demand from 2003 to 2004.

Full Metal Panic? Fumoffu[edit]

Full Metal Panic? Fumoffu (フルメタル? ふもっふ Furumetaru? Fumoffu?) is a companion series to the anime series Full Metal Panic! by Kyoto Animation, and takes place between the first season and The Second Raid. Markedly different in tone to the first series, Fumoffu emphasizes the high school romantic comedy aspects of Full Metal Panic! with often crude humor and focuses on the romantic tension between Sousuke Sagara and Kaname Chidori. It frequently parodies itself and anime stereotypes. None of the mecha combat or political intrigue, which characterized much of the original Full Metal Panic!, can be seen in the series. The only reference to the mecha aspect of Full Metal Panic! is the Bonta-kun, which is one of the most prominent parodies in the anime. Sousuke uses spare Bonta-kun costumes to make highly effective suits of power armor, but they look like teddy bears wearing army gear and can only say: "Fu" and "Mo" in different combinations.

Full Metal Panic! The Second Raid[edit]

Full Metal Panic! The Second Raid (フルメタル TSR Furumetaru TSR?) is the direct sequel to the original anime series. It was produced by Kyoto Animation and ran for 13 episodes. The series is based on the Ending Day by Day novels and takes place three months after the events that occurred in the Tuatha de Danaan at the end of the original Full Metal Panic! series. Mithril learns of a secret organization that has technology able to counter the ECS (Electronic Conceal System) mode. The organization, known as Amalgam, has access to Black Technology, which was obtained from the Whispered. Like the other intelligence agencies, Amalgam intends to obtain more. Sousuke's mission to protect Chidori is terminated by Mithril, instead leaving her in the care of an anonymous agent known as Wraith.

There is a one episode OVA that takes place after Full Metal Panic! The Second Raid. It's a humorous stand-alone story.[48] It focuses on the Captain of the Tuatha De Danaan: Teletha Tessa Testarossa, rather than the two main characters of the series. The OVA is based on short story Wari to Hima na Sentaichou no Ichi Nichi (A comparatively leisurely day of the squadron commander) in short story collection Dounimo Naranai Gori Muchuu (Helpless in five ri of fog?, the 里 kanji in the title is pronounced ri and is the name of an old Japanese unit of length). The story is also told in chapters 13 & 14 in Full Metal Panic Sigma Volume 04.

Live action films[edit]

A live action film adaptation was announced by Mandalay Pictures in April 2009, with Zac Efron rumored to be attached to the project.[10] Efron has since confirmed a meeting took place regarding the project but added that the adaptation was unlikely to happen.[49]

Writer and director Kenneth Lindbloom announced in an interview with ASO radio, released March 2012, that a fifteen-minute live action fan film, Full Metal Panic! Come Make My Day, was in post production and due to be released sometime in 2012.[50] The project was undertaken by a group of professionals and enthusiast with the goal of creating a high-quality portfolio piece based on the Full Metal Panic! novel Come Make My Day.[51]

Reception[edit]

The second DVD volume of Full Metal Panic! The Second Raid was given a favorable review by Theron Martin of Anime News Network for pushing the character developments of Sousuke and Kaname as well as dramatic elements beyond comedy and action. Describing the impact of the volume, Martin explains that "[t]he full impact of that [Sousuke and Kaname's relationship] comes out beautifully in episode 7, when Kaname seeks out Sousuke in a moment of fear and, for the first time, Sousuke isn't there for her. It's one of those telling moments that can define an entire series."[52]

THEM Anime Reviews has noted that the Arm Slaves, like most real life vehicles, are done meticulously that fans of mecha series would "online catalogues for tech books and sketches."[53] Bureau 42 says that the "mecha[Arm Slave] action in the show is very well done. While I can’t compare the action with other more grounded mecha shows like Patlabor, the combat is very well done and easy to follow, and visually interesting."[54] Triforce commented that Arm Slave battles in the Full Metal Panic! series would be able to keep viewer's attention to the show.[55] Anime Chaos praises the 2D and 3D CG done on the 1st Full Metal Panic! season, with emphasis on the use of CG for the Arm Slaves.[56]

Negative criticism has surfaced on the role of the Arm Slaves throughout the Full Metal Panic! series. For instance, Ender's review states that their mecha roles are confusing that the Arm Slaves are both "08th MS Team soldiers and Dragon Ball Z-type fighters, hurling energy balls at each other and going "Super Saiya-jin."[57] Anime Database rated the Full Metal Panic! series 4 out of 5 because of the Arm Slaves battles since they start out from being good to being very unrealistic.[58] GameSpot Union comments on the relationship between the Arm Slaves and the animation done on Full Metal Panic!, saying both animation and camera views were bad.[59]

References[edit]

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  18. ^ フルメタル・パニック! 1 - 戦うボーイ・ミーツ・ガール (in Japanese). Kodakawa Shoten. Retrieved March 15, 2010. 
  19. ^ フルメタル・パニック! 12 - ずっと、スタンド・バイ・ミー(下) (in Japanese). Kodakawa Shoten. Retrieved September 26, 2010. 
  20. ^ フルメタル・パニック! - 放っておけない一匹狼? (in Japanese). Kodakawa Shoten. Retrieved March 15, 2010. 
  21. ^ フルメタル・パニック! マジで危ない九死に一生? (in Japanese). Kodakawa Shoten. Retrieved August 5, 2016. 
  22. ^ フルメタル・パニック!フルメタル・パニック!-サイドアームズ- 音程は哀しく、射程は遠く (in Japanese). Kodakawa Shoten. Retrieved August 5, 2016. 
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  48. ^ McCarthy, Helen. 500 Essential Anime Movies: The Ultimate Guide. — Harper Design, 2009. — P. 59. — 528 p. — ISBN 978-0061474507
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  53. ^ Jason Bustard. "T.H.E.M. Anime Review's Full Metal Panic". T.H.E.M. Anime Reviews. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  54. ^ Dave (2008-09-06). "Review: Full Metal Panic". Bureau 42. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  55. ^ "Trifoce's Full Metal Panic! review". Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  56. ^ "Anime Chaos' Full Metal Panic! Review". Anime Chaos. Archived from the original on 2008-11-19. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  57. ^ Ender (2005-10-16). "Anime Academy's Full Metal Panic! review". Anime Academy. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
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  59. ^ Gr33nHippo (2008-07-12). "Full Metal Panic! Review". Anime Cafe, Gamespot Union. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Johnston, Chris (November 2006). "Full Metal Panic! The Second Raid Volume 1". Newtype USA. 5 (11). p. 151. ISSN 1541-4817. 

External links[edit]