Fulmar of Karden
Fulmar of Karden (ca. 1135 – 1189), also occurring in the variant forms Folmar, Vollmar, Formal, or Formator, was the Archbishop of Trier from 1183 and the last not also to be a prince elector. He opposed the emperor in the late twelfth-century phase of the Investiture Controversy.
Possibly a relation of the Counts of Bliescastel, Fulmar was probably born in the city of Karden on the Moselle, and became an archdeacon in Trier. He was appointed by Pope Lucius III and (after a certain amount of intriguing by various factions, including Fulmar's supporter, Henry III, Duke of Limburg) was elected archbishop by a part of the cathedral chapter in 1183, being consecrated by Pope Urban III on Whit-Sunday of 1186. His accession to the archbishopric was opposed by Frederick Barbarossa, who had the Provost Rudolf of Wied invested as anti-archbishop. Despite the support of Fulmar's claim by the Archbishop of Köln, Philip of Heinsberg, who erected a fortress in Zeltingen to that purpose, neither he nor his competitor Rudolf ever gained full possession of the see, and both were deprived by Pope Clement III in 1189.
Fulmar then proceeded to France, and thence to England, where, according to Roger of Hoveden's Chronicle, "Formalis Treverensis archiepiscopus" was among those prelates concelebrating the coronation of King Richard I of England in September 1189, subsequently attending a royal council at Pipewell, and dying the same year, still in exile, at Northampton. The schism was ended in 1190 with the consecration of John, Archdeacon of Speyer and Provost of the monastery of St. Germain, as John I.
- Folmar von Karden in den Saarländischen Biografien (in German)
- Bernhard Endrulat (1881), "Johann I., Erzbischof von Trier", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German) 14, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 420–421(in German)
- Wilhelm Martens (1888), "Philipp von Heinsberg, Erzbischof von Köln", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German) 26, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 3–8 (in German)
- Gesta Regis Henrici Secundi Benedicti Abbatis (ed. William Stubbs) (2 vols., Rolls series, 1868–71), available at the Google Books here: Volume 2. (in Latin)
- Chronica Magistri Rogeri de Hovedene (ed. William Stubbs) (4 vols., Rolls series, 1868–71), available at the Internet Archive here: Volume 3. (in Latin)
- ADB, Vol. 14, p. 420.
- ADB, Vol. 26, pp. 3-8.
- Benedict, Gesta Henrici, Volume 2., p. 79, n. 1
- Hoveden, Chronica, Volume 3., p. 8.
- Hoveden, Chronica, Volume 3., p. 15.
- Hoveden, Chronica, Volume 3., p. 18.
- ADB, Vol. 14, p. 420.
|Catholic Church titles|
Arnold I of Vaucourt
|Archbishop of Trier