Fulneck Moravian Settlement
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Fulneck Moravian Settlement is a village in Pudsey in the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, West Yorkshire, England. It was established in 1744. It is named after Fulneck (Czech: Fulnek), the German name of a town in Northern Moravia, Czech Republic.
The village (grid reference Pudsey Beck flows along the bottom of the valley.) lies on a hillside overlooking a deep valley.
Members of the Moravian Church settled at Fulneck in 1744. They were descendants of old Bohemian/Czech Unity of the Brethren, extinct in Bohemia after 1620 due to forcible re-Catholicisation imposed on the Czech lands by Habsburg emperors, who in 1722 had found refuge in Saxony on the estate of Nicolaus Ludwig Count von Zinzendorf. Within the next few years of settling at Fulneck, housing, a school and a chapel were built, the last completed in 1748. In 1753 and 1755, separate boys' and girls' schools were opened. These were combined into one school in 1994.
Fulneck Moravian Chapel is a Grade I listed building, making it one of the most architecturally significant buildings in Leeds. In addition to the normal Sunday Service(s), there are monthly concerts by Fulneck resident Dr Simon Lindley on a John Snetzler/Binns organ on the first Thursday of every month. Other regular musical events include recitals by former Fulneck resident cornet virtuoso Phillip McCann and at least one annual visit by Saint Peter's Singers of Leeds for a Baroque music weekend.
Many of the 18th-century stone houses in the village are listed buildings.
The fee-paying Fulneck School, established in 1753, forms a major part of the Moravian village.
Founded in 1892, Fulneck Golf Club is the oldest golf club in the Leeds area.
In recent years, a restaurant and cafe occupied an 18th-century listed building, that was the original shop for the settlement. Shop records still survive from its opening in 1762, and are believed to be some of the oldest shop archives in the UK. As of October 2015, the building was unoccupied.
The Moravian museum (opposite the church) has operated since 1969 and is open Saturdays and Wednesdays 2 pm-4 pm.
Significant people born in Fulneck include:
- Architect Benjamin Latrobe, whose most famous works include the United States Capitol and the White House porticoes in Washington, D.C., USA
- Cricketer Sir Leonard Hutton, who played for Yorkshire and England. Hutton still holds the record for the highest innings (364) by an Englishman in a test match. A blue plaque marks his former home.
Famous people known to have attended Fulneck School include:
- H. H. Asquith, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 1908–16
- William Booth, Yorkshire and England cricketer
- Christian Ignatius Latrobe, clergyman and composer
- James Montgomery, poet and world-famous hymnist
- Richard Oastler, politician and social reformer
- Diana Rigg, actress appearing in The Avengers
- Frederic Shoberl, journalist, editor, translator and writer.
- Goodall, Armitage (1914). Place-names of south-west Yorkshire : that is, of so much of the West Riding as lies south of the Aire from Keighley onwards. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 309. OCLC 874482463.
- Leach, Peter; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2009). Yorkshire West Riding : Leeds, Bradford and the North (2 ed.). New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 270. ISBN 978-0-300-12665-5.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fulneck Moravian Settlement.|
- Fulneck Church and Settlement
- Moravian Schools
- Fulneck School
- Pudsey Civic Society pictures of Fulneck
- Fulneck Drama Society
- The Moravian Church in Britain and Ireland
- St Peter's Singers
- "The Ancient Parish of Calverley". GENUKI. Retrieved 2007-10-29. Fulneck was in this parish
- Historic England. "Chapel and adjacent buildings, grade I (341893)". Images of England.
- Historic England. "19-27 Fulneck, grade II (341887)". Images of England.
- Historic England. "29 Fulneck (Nelson House), grade II (341888)". Images of England.
- Historic England. "31-33 Fulneck, grade II (341889)". Images of England.
- Historic England. "37 Fulneck, grade II (341890)". Images of England.
- Historic England. "39 Fulneck, grade II (341891)". Images of England.
- Historic England. "47-57 Fulneck, grade II (341892)". Images of England.
- Historic England. "60 Fulneck, grade II (341896)". Images of England.
- Historic England. ""Fulneck shop", now restaurant, grade II (341895)". Images of England.