Location of Fulton, Texas
|• Total||2.5 sq mi (6.4 km2)|
|• Land||1.4 sq mi (3.6 km2)|
|• Water||1.1 sq mi (2.7 km2)|
|Elevation||10 ft (3 m)|
|• Density||540/sq mi (210/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1336302|
Fulton is a town in Aransas County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census, this South Texas coastal fishing community had a population of 1,358. The town is named for George Ware Fulton, a land developer in the area.
Fulton is located at  on the western shore of Aransas Bay. It is bordered to the south by the city of Rockport, the county seat. Texas State Highway 35 passes through the center of the town, leading north across the inlet of Copano Bay. Corpus Christi is 32 miles (51 km) to the southwest, and Port Lavaca is 49 miles (79 km) to the northeast.,
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.4 km2), of which 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.7 km2), or 42.77%, is water.
Fulton was founded in 1866, and named by George Ware Fulton, Sr., whose wife Harriet Smith Fulton inherited 11,000 acres on the northern end of the Live Oak Peninsula, including the area where Mr. Fulton created the town he named for himself. Fulton had been a teacher in Indiana and decided to come to Texas by flatboat with 60 other men during the war for independence between Texas and Mexico. After the long trip to Texas, George Fulton found that the war was over but he joined the Army of the Republic of Texas for a few months.. He worked for Henry Smith, the first Governor of Texas, and married Smith's daughter, Harriet. They raised a family and moved around the country as George found jobs supervising rail roads and building bridges. When Harriet inherited 48,000 acres of Texas coast, they moved back to live on the Live Oak Peninsula.
After ten years, the Fultons built a large house, now known as the Fulton Mansion, just south of the town. The Fultons owned thousands of cattle wandering on their extensive lands, and formed a cattle company with others. Mr. Fulton built slaughter houses, and patented a chilled slaughter house, the first in the world. The town quickly became the site for many slaughterhouses as cattle from south Texas were driven to Fulton. The cattle slaughterhouses lasted until the 1880s, when railroads reached the area and provided ways to ship live cattle to population centers such as Chicago.
In 1930, some evidence of a prehistoric settlement was found in the Fulton area, possibly Karankawan.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,553 people, 707 households, and 439 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,149.9 people per square mile (444.2/km2). There were 1,008 housing units at an average density of 746.4 per square mile (288.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 84.61% White, 1.16% African American, 0.90% Native American, 8.89% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 2.25% from other races, and 2.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.27% of the population.
There were 707 households out of which 18.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.77.
In the town, the population was spread out with 18.8% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 28.0% from 45 to 64, and 26.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $26,857, and the median income for a family was $30,417. Males had a median income of $25,486 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,456. About 11.2% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.8% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.
All of Fulton is served by the Aransas County Independent School District.
Pupils are served by the Little Bay Primary School (Rockport, Pre-K-K), Live Oak 1-3 Learning Center (Rockport), Fulton 4-5 Learning Center (Fulton), Rockport-Fulton Middle School (Rockport), and Rockport-Fulton High School (Rockport).
The town is also served by the Aransas County Public Library, located in Rockport.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Fulton has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Fulton town, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "George Fulton's arrival in Texas". Texas Historical Commission. Retrieved January 7, 2015.
- Beven, John L. (August 25, 2017). "Hurricane Harvey Advisory Number 23". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 26, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Climate Summary for Fulton, Texas
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