Fulton County, New York

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Fulton County
Fulton County Courthouse
Fulton County Courthouse
Flag of Fulton County
Flag
Official seal of Fulton County
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Fulton County
Location within the U.S. state of New York
Map of the United States highlighting New York
New York's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 43°07′N 74°25′W / 43.11°N 74.42°W / 43.11; -74.42
Country United States
State New York
Founded1838
Named forRobert Fulton
SeatJohnstown
Largest cityGloversville
Area
 • Total533 sq mi (1,380 km2)
 • Land495 sq mi (1,280 km2)
 • Water37 sq mi (100 km2)  7.0%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total55,531
 • Density112/sq mi (43/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district21st
Websitewww.fultoncountyny.gov

Fulton County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. It forms part of the state's Mohawk Valley region. Its county seat is Johnstown.[1] At the 2010 U.S. census, the county had a population of 55,531.[2] In 2019, the American Community Survey estimated its population at 53,383.[3] The county is named in honor of Robert Fulton,[4] who is widely credited with developing the first commercially successful steamboat. Fulton County comprises the Gloversville micropolitan statistical area, which is included in the Capital District.

History[edit]

In 1838, Fulton County was split off from Montgomery, shortly after the Montgomery county seat was moved to Fonda, New York. The creation of Fulton County was engineered by Johnstown lawyer Daniel Cady, whose wife was a cousin of Robert Fulton.[5]

Fulton County was created on April 18, 1838 by a partition of Montgomery County, resulting in a county with an area of 550 square miles (1,400 km2).[6]

The old Tryon County courthouse, later the Montgomery County courthouse, became the Fulton County Courthouse, where it is New York's oldest operating courthouse.

One adjustment has been made to the area of Fulton County. On April 6, 1860, 10 square miles (26 km2) on the northern border was transferred to Hamilton in the vicinity of Sacandaga Park.[7] This resulted in the Fulton County that exists today.

In the mid-18th century, Sir William Johnson, founder of Fort Johnson in Montgomery County and of Johnstown, arrived in what would become Fulton County. Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet, was an Irish pioneer and army officer in colonial New York, and the British Superintendent of Indian Affairs from 1755 to 1774. His homes, Fort Johnson and Johnson Hall are current New York State Historic Sites.

Fulton County was also home to Elizabeth Cady Stanton, a central pioneer in America's women's rights movement.

Shortly after the American Revolutionary War, the manufacture of gloves and leather became the area's primary industry. At one point, Johnstown and Gloversville were known as the world's Glove and Leather capital. The largest rise in population and growth came as a result of the fruits of these businesses.

Many residents of Fulton County can trace their ancestry to the glove and leather trades. Today few glovers, tanners and leather dressers remain in the area, although some companies have adapted to the changes in the market to remain competitive.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 533 square miles (1,380 km2), of which 495 square miles (1,280 km2) is land and 37 square miles (96 km2) (7.0%) is water.[8] Fulton County is in the central part of the state, northwest of Albany, lying in the southern Adirondack Mountains. Approximately 58% of the county is within the boundaries of Adirondack Park.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
184018,049
185020,17111.8%
186024,16219.8%
187027,06412.0%
188030,98514.5%
189037,65021.5%
190042,84213.8%
191044,5343.9%
192044,9270.9%
193046,5603.6%
194048,5974.4%
195051,0215.0%
196051,3040.6%
197052,6372.6%
198055,1534.8%
199054,191−1.7%
200055,0731.6%
201055,5310.8%
2018 (est.)53,591[9]−3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2013[2]

The 2019 American Community Survey estimated there were 53,383 residents in the county, down from 55,531 at the 2010 United States Census.[3] There were also an estimated 22,439 households, and 29,173 housing units at the 2019 population estimates. The racial makeup of Fulton County was 92.2% non-Hispanic white, 2.2% Black or African American, 0.3% American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.7% Asian American, 1.6% from two or more races, and 3.5% Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Roughly 72% of households were owner-occupied and the median gross rent was $759. There were 2.34 persons per household and 3.1% spoke a language other than English at home. Of the population there were 25.1% from ages 18 to 5 and under, and 20.1% aged 65 and older. The median income for a household in the county was $50,248, and the per capita income was $26,875. Roughly 13% of the county population lived at or below the poverty line.

At the census[14] of 2000, there were 55,073 people, 21,884 households, and 14,509 families residing in the county. The population density was 111 people per square mile (43/km2). There were 27,787 housing units at an average density of 56 per square mile (22/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.99% White, 1.80% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.56% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. 1.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.2% were of Italian, 16.4% German, 13.2% Irish, 10.0% English, 8.3% American, 5.8% French and 5.7% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.1% spoke English and 1.6% Spanish as their first language.

There were 21,884 households, out of which 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.00% were married couples living together, 11.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.70% were non-families. 27.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.90% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,663, and the median income for a family was $39,801. Males had a median income of $29,538 versus $22,173 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,844. About 9.20% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.50% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

In 2019 the U.S. Census Bureau determined 87.4% of Fulton County's population obtained a high school degree or higher. Nearly 18% had a bachelor's degree or higher.[3][15] Fulton–Montgomery Community College is in Johnstown, New York. It is a part of the State University of New York system.

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

The following public use airports are located in the county:[16]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Hamlet[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 64.8% 15,378 33.4% 7,931 1.8% 436
2016 63.5% 13,462 30.6% 6,496 5.9% 1,256
2012 54.6% 10,814 43.5% 8,607 1.9% 378
2008 53.7% 11,709 44.4% 9,695 1.9% 420
2004 56.6% 12,570 41.4% 9,202 2.0% 443
2000 52.8% 11,434 43.0% 9,314 4.3% 927
1996 37.3% 7,881 46.3% 9,779 16.4% 3,470
1992 40.0% 9,137 36.8% 8,400 23.2% 5,308
1988 56.2% 11,757 43.1% 9,012 0.8% 162
1984 65.8% 14,887 33.8% 7,644 0.4% 87
1980 53.2% 11,448 37.7% 8,105 9.2% 1,969
1976 56.2% 12,161 43.1% 9,323 0.7% 145
1972 67.3% 15,200 32.4% 7,303 0.3% 72
1968 54.5% 11,895 40.7% 8,871 4.8% 1,052
1964 31.4% 7,278 68.5% 15,846 0.1% 23
1960 58.1% 14,455 41.8% 10,409 0.1% 19
1956 74.2% 18,244 25.8% 6,352 0.0% 0
1952 70.3% 18,068 29.5% 7,570 0.2% 58
1948 60.5% 12,787 36.3% 7,667 3.2% 680
1944 59.8% 13,195 39.9% 8,813 0.3% 62
1940 62.0% 14,896 37.6% 9,040 0.3% 79
1936 60.1% 14,253 37.8% 8,977 2.1% 507
1932 71.4% 14,984 27.1% 5,678 1.6% 326
1928 71.2% 15,043 27.1% 5,728 1.7% 368
1924 72.5% 11,858 19.2% 3,143 8.3% 1,357
1920 70.4% 10,946 20.5% 3,192 9.0% 1,401
1916 54.4% 5,756 38.6% 4,085 7.1% 750
1912 38.0% 3,741 25.9% 2,550 36.1% 3,555
1908 58.0% 6,574 30.9% 3,508 11.1% 1,260
1904 56.9% 6,521 33.9% 3,884 9.2% 1,059
1900 61.9% 7,230 31.5% 3,678 6.6% 771
1896 63.4% 7,704 31.7% 3,849 4.9% 590
1892 51.7% 5,368 41.4% 4,293 6.9% 717
1888 53.9% 5,892 42.4% 4,634 3.7% 399
1884 54.0% 5,138 43.0% 4,091 3.0% 289

Fulton County has historically been a stronghold for the Republican Party, with the cities of Johnstown and Gloversville being battlegrounds between Democrats and Republicans. The 2016 U.S. presidential election was won by Donald Trump at 64 percent.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Fulton County, New York". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2020-07-21.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 133.
  5. ^ New England Historic Genealogical Society Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ New York. Laws of New York.: 1838, 61st Session, Chapter 332, Section 1, Page 328.
  7. ^ New York. Laws of New York.: 1860, 83rd Session, Chapter 178; Page 298.
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved December 20, 2019.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  15. ^ a b Allen, Peter; syracuse.com, Michelle Breidenbach | (2016-11-19). "13 'Trumpiest' counties in Upstate New York". newyorkupstate. Retrieved 2020-07-21.
  16. ^ Fulton County Public and Private Airports, New York. Retrieved June 13, 2013.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-10-22.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°07′N 74°25′W / 43.11°N 74.42°W / 43.11; -74.42