|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2013)|
|Born||William Fulton Beith Mackay
12 August 1922
Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland
|Died||6 June 1987
|Cause of death||Stomach Cancer|
|Resting place||East Sheen and Richmond Cemeteries, Surrey|
|Spouse(s)||Sheila Manahan (-1987; his death)|
On leaving school, he trained as a quantity surveyor and later volunteered for the Royal Air Force in 1941 but was not accepted because of a perforated ear drum. He then enlisted with the Black Watch and he served for five years during the Second World War, which included three years spent in India.
After being demobbed, Mackay began training as an actor at RADA. His first work was with the Citizens' Theatre, Glasgow, where he performed in nine seasons between 1949 and 1958. He also worked at the Royal Lyceum Theatre, Edinburgh before gaining notice at the Arts Theatre Club, London, where in 1960, he played the part of Oscar in The Naked Island, a play about POWs in Singapore.
In 1962, he appeared at the same theatre, in Russian playwright Maxim Gorki's classic The Lower Depths for the Royal Shakespeare Company. He then acted with the Old Vic company and the National Theatre, performing in such productions as Peer Gynt and The Alchemist. Other roles for the RSC included Mr Squeers in Nicholas Nickleby and the drunken gaoler in Die Fledermaus.
Mackay was a director of the Scottish Actors' Company and, in 1981, he founded the Scottish Theatre Company, with whom he acted. Surprisingly, despite his status, he appeared in few films. After his screen debut in the 1952 film I'm a Stranger, his most notable roles were those in Gumshoe, Britannia Hospital, Local Hero as the wise, old Scottish fisherman - and Defence of the Realm.
Mackay was acknowledged as a strong character actor in various series. He is best remembered for his namesake role as the comically ferocious prison warder, Mr Mackay, in the British sitcom Porridge alongside the comedian and comedy actor Ronnie Barker.
He also appeared in the film version of the series. The ensemble playing of Mackay, Barker, Richard Beckinsale and Brian Wilde, and the writing by Dick Clement and Ian La Frenais, made Porridge one of the most successful comedy series of the 1970s. He returned to the role of the newly retired prison officer in the first episode of Going Straight (1978), the sequel series to Porridge. He played the original lighthouse-keeper in the British version of the children's series, Fraggle Rock. He appeared as an RAF psychiatrist in an episode of Some Mothers Do 'Ave 'Em and as a doctor in Doctor at Large in 1971. Also, on television, before coming to prominence in Porridge, he played DI Inman in Special Branch (1969–71). He also appeared in Z-Cars.
He was cast as misguided scientist Doctor Quinn in the 1970 Doctor Who story Doctor Who and the Silurians and was later seriously considered by producer Barry Letts to play the Fourth Doctor when Jon Pertwee announced he was leaving the role in 1973.
He played a regular officer running a training course in the Dad's Army episode "We Know Our Onions", and a doctor in "The Miser's Hoard". On television, however, Mackay often stayed true to his Scottish roots, acting in productions such as Three Tales of Orkney and The Master of Ballantrae, and as former Prime Minister Bonar Law in the 1981 TV series The Life and Times of David Lloyd George. In one of his last performances, Mackay portrayed an art forger in the Lovejoy episode "Death and Venice".
Under the pseudonym of Aeneas MacBride, he wrote plays for the BBC.
- I'm a Stranger (1952) - Alastair Campbell
- The Brave Don't Cry (1952) - Dan Wishart
- Laxdale Hall (1953) - Andrew Flett
- Private Potter (1962) - Soldier
- A Prize of Arms (1962) - Corporal Henderson
- Mystery Submarine (1963) - McKerrow
- Gumshoe (1971) - John Straker
- Nothing But The Night (1973) - Cameron
- A Sense of Freedom (1979) - Inspector Davies
- Porridge (1979) - Mr Mackay
- If You Go Down in the Woods Today (1981) - Colonel Norris
- Britannia Hospital (1982) - Chief Superintendent Johns
- Local Hero (1983) - Ben
- Night Train to Murder (1984) - Mackay
- Sleepwalker (1984) - Restaurant Proprietor
- Water (1985) - Reverend Eric
- Defence of the Realm (1985) - Victor Kingsbrook
- Dreamchild (1985) - Gryphon (voice)
- Cox, Brian (1992). Salem to Moscow: An Actor's Odyssey. Methuen Drama. p. 28. ISBN 978-0413664501.
- "Fulton Mackay profile". Porridge.org.uk. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- Fulton Mackay's role in the TV comedy series "Porridge", porridge.org.uk; accessed 22 August 2014.
- Fulton Mackay at the Internet Movie Database
- Westthorp, Alex (24 April 2008). "Who could've been Who? An alternate history of Doctor Who". Den of Geek. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 31 December 1983.
- The London Gazette: . 24 June 1987.
- "Fulton Mackay (1922-1987) profile". Findagrave.com. Retrieved 27 May 2013.