Fulton Center

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Fulton Center
NYCS 2 NYCS 3 NYCS 4 NYCS 5 NYCS A NYCS C NYCS E NYCS J NYCS R NYCS Z
New York City Subway rapid transit station complex
Fulton Street Transit Center Project.jpg
Computer-generated image of future Fulton Center
Station statistics
Borough Manhattan
Services       2 all times (all times)
      3 all except late nights (all except late nights)
      4 all times (all times)
      5 all except late nights (all except late nights)
      A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
      E all times (all times)
      J weekdays only (weekdays only)
      R weekdays except late nights (weekdays except late nights)
      Z rush hours, peak direction (rush hours, peak direction)
Other information
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access

The Fulton Center is a $1.4 billion project[1][2][3] under construction by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), a public agency of the state of New York. The plan includes station rehabilitations, new underground passageways, and an above-ground station entrance building at the intersection of Fulton Street and Broadway in New York City, above several existing stations. It is scheduled to open on June 26, 2014.[4][5]

The project is intended to improve access to and connections between 11 New York City Subway services stopping at the Fulton Street, the Chambers Street – World Trade Center / Park Place and the Cortlandt Street stations, with connections to the PATH service at the World Trade Center station in Lower Manhattan. Funding for the construction project, which began in 2005, dried up for several years, with no final approved plan and no schedule for completion.[6][7][8] Plans for the transit center, however, have been rejuvenated by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, and the center will open on June 26, 2014. Ove Arup and Partners serves as the prime design consultant of the entire project.[9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]

Originally called the Fulton Street Transit Center, the complex has been renamed[18] the Fulton Center since May 2012. This has come in conjunction with an increased focus on retail, especially in the upper floors of the flagship building and the ground floor of the adjacent Corbin Building, which is being renovated as part of the project. Westfield Group has been announced to manage and operate the retail portions of Fulton Center.[19] Westfield also serves as the operator of the retail and mall space at the World Trade Center site, dubbed Westfield World Trade Center. under a separate lease with the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.

Proposal[edit]

Stations served by the 2 3 4 5 A C E J R Z services will be rehabilitated and connected via an east-west underground passageway. A high-visibility Transit Center will be constructed, with entrances on Broadway between Fulton Street and John Street.

In addition to work on the four linked stations, including a large entrance building at Broadway and Fulton Street, the Dey Street Passageway is being built outside fare control[20] to connect to the Cortlandt Street (BMT Broadway Line) station, and a passageway inside fare control will connect that station with the World Trade Center (IND Eighth Avenue Line) station, part of the Chambers Street – World Trade Center / Park Place station complex. However, the latter passageway could be considered redundant, as the A C 2 and 3 services also stop at Chambers Street/Park Place, one stop north of Fulton Street.

The major construction activities of the project include:

Layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevators located:
  • on the SW corner of Dey Street and Broadway for southbound NYCS 4 NYCS 5 trains only
  • on the SW corner of William and Fulton Streets. Note: IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line, BMT Nassau Street Line, and IND Eighth Avenue Line platform levels are accessible from this elevator, but connections to the rest of the complex are not accessible)
B1
Platforms
Mezzanine Fare control, station agents, connections between services
Northbound
Bwy–7th Av
NYCS 2 toward Wakefield – 241st Street (Park Place)
NYCS 3 toward Harlem – 148th Street (Park Place)
Island platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound
Bwy–7th Av
NYCS 2 toward Flatbush Avenue – Brooklyn College (Wall Street)
NYCS 3 toward New Lots Avenue (Wall Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound
Nassau St
NYCS J NYCS Z toward Broad Street (weekdays) (Terminus)
No service (weekends)
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound
Lexington Av
NYCS 4 toward Woodlawn (Brooklyn Bridge – City Hall)
NYCS 5 toward Eastchester – Dyre Avenue or Nereid Avenue (Brooklyn Bridge – City Hall)
Southbound
Lexington Av
NYCS 4 toward Crown Heights – Utica Avenue (NYCS 4 toward New Lots Avenue late nights) (Wall Street)
NYCS 5 toward Flatbush Avenue – Brooklyn College weekdays, Bowling Green weekends (Wall Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound
Broadway
NYCS R toward Forest Hills – 71st Avenue (City Hall)
Southbound
Broadway
NYCS R toward Whitehall Street (Rector Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
B2 Northbound
Nassau St
NYCS J NYCS Z toward Jamaica Center – Parsons/Archer (weekdays) (Chambers Street)
No service (weekends)
Side platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
B3 Northbound
8th Av
NYCS A toward Inwood – 207th Street (Chambers Street)
NYCS C toward 168th Street (Chambers Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound
8th Av
NYCS A toward Lefferts Boulevard, Far Rockaway – Mott Avenue or Rockaway Park – Beach 116th Street (High Street)
NYCS C toward Euclid Avenue (High Street)

There will also be a connection to the World Trade Center PATH station and to the World Trade Center New York City Subway station.

Construction progress and project components[edit]

Construction site of the Fulton Center as of March 2010. This is at the corner of Broadway and Dey Street

The project has had several delays, with the completion date delayed from 2007 to 2014. There have also been several design cutbacks. The free transfer from the Cortlandt Street and World Trade Center stations had been dropped from the plans, but was later restored using MTA funds; the passageway underneath Dey Street has been narrowed from 40 feet to 29 feet. Throughout the construction phases of the project, two stations have been rehabilitated, with a third station rehabilitation currently underway. The distinguishing switchback ramps of the original station complex at the Broadway-Nassau Fulton Street station were gradually replaced with two new mezzanines. A total of ten stairs now connect the various subway lines with each other at Fulton Street (New York City Subway). To accommodate construction and ameliorate passenger flow during construction, various entrances have been closed, reopened or newly opened. Among these are the new entrances have been installed in the far eastern end of the complex, at William Street, and new entrances have been installed on Maiden Lane and Cortlandt Street on Broadway. A new underground passageway connecting Fulton Street (New York City Subway) with Cortlandt Street is slated to open later this year, along with a new station building on Dey Street. After many delays, a centerpiece building called the Fulton Building[23] is being built and will be connected to a restored Corbin Building.

Station rehabilitations[edit]

Rehabilitated 2 3 trains platform at Fulton Street, as part of the Fulton Center project

The Fulton Center project involves three station rehabilitation projects, one with the Seventh Avenue Line's station at the eastern end of the complex (2 3 trains), the station rehabilitation at Cortlandt Street (BMT Broadway Line) and the rehabilitation of the Lexington Avenue Line's station under Broadway. Widely seen as the first completed project of the Fulton Center, the rehabilitation of the Seventh Avenue Line's station was completed by November 2006.[21]

Although not seen as a rehabilitation, the Cortlandt Street (BMT Broadway Line) was first closed in 2005 for the construction of the Dey Street Passageway, the underpass and the construction of the East Bathtub that supports the eastern towers of the New WTC Complex that is being rebuilt. With the conclusion of the Dey Street Passageway construction, the uptown platform was opened first, in November 25, 2009. Photos from the uptown platform then, showed a southbound platform under considerate re-construction. The southbound platform was rehabilitated and reopened on September 6, 2011 with a new underpass, to coincide with the upcoming opening of the National September 11 Memorial & Museum.

Glass elevator structure found behind the construction panel on the 4 5 southbound platform at Fulton Street, which is being renovated. This structure leads to the underpass below the 4 5 trains, which will connect to the Dey Street passageway

The 4 5 trains station has been under rehabilitation since 2008, after the entrances at Maiden Lane (northbound) and Cortlandt Street (southbound) were opened to ameliorate passenger flow during subsequent station rehabilitation. As of August 4, 2012, work is still underway on the rehabilitation of the 4 5 platforms. With more than 100 years of service, historical features, such as the tiling, would be preserved. It will be joined by the Fulton Building on the northbound platform, and the Dey Street Headhouse on the southbound platform when they open. A new false wall has been erected on the southbound (Brooklyn) platform, surrounding the exit that formerly led to Dey Street. The wall encloses construction activity that will eventually lead to the Dey Street Headhouse, as well as the Dey Street Passageway.[18]

Entrances[edit]

As part of the reorganization of the Fulton Street (New York City Subway) station complex, and to mitigate passenger flow congestion during the construction phases of the Fulton Center project, new entrances have opened up at various locations. To allow work to progress at various sites, various pre-existing entrances were either temporarily closed or permanently closed.

Fare control for the Cortlandt Street entrance at 4 5 Fulton Street station. It opened in 2007 to facilitate passenger flow during the duration of the Fulton Center project

On January 22, 2007, the MTA opened a new entrance on the southeast corner of Maiden Lane and Broadway.[24] Like the John Street entrance, it serves chiefly the northbound platform of the 4 5 trains station. That month, construction began on creating an analogous entrance on Cortlandt Street, just across the street from Broadway, for the southbound platform. No crossunder or crossover was constructed to link the two platforms. These entrances would allow for the temporary closure of the John Street entrance (northbound platform) and the entrance by Dey Street (southbound platform) during the rehabilitation of the 4 5 platforms and Dey Street Passageway related work.

Maiden Lane subway station entrance at Fulton Street. Note the destinations of the trains and the train bullets- the stair goes to a platform only serves uptown 4 5 trains, even though the platform itself also has connections to the A, C, J/Z, 2, and 3, and downtown 4 5 trains

On August 1, 2011, the entrance at 135 William Street on the eastern side of the complex opened.[25] This was completed in conjunction with the gradual opening of the A C transfer mezzanine. An elevator was originally expected to open at the 135 William Street entrance in December 2011, however as of August 2012, it has still not opened to public. The terra-cotta mural and an iron gate from the McAlpin Hotel, both which were originally found in the original transfer passageway, were relocated to the new 135 William Street entrance. Work is currently underway at the 150 William Street entrance, as well as at 129 Fulton Street. The 129 Fulton Street entrance will provide an elevator connecting to the J Z platform and the A C Mezzanine.

Due to ongoing construction for a dormitory building for Pace University's downtown New York campus, the entrance at the southeast corner of John Street and Broadway was closed on January 6, 2012. The closure of this entrance also expedites the rehabilitation work on the northbound platform. As a result, passengers are told to use the entrance in the Fulton Building construction site, or the entrance on Maiden Lane.

To allow for advanced A C Mezzanine work and the construction of a permanent underpass under the 4 5 tunnel under Fulton Street to take place, the subway station entrance at 222 Broadway became permanently closed on October 29, 2011. In its place, a temporary entrance opened midblock between Fulton Street and John Street, inside the main building construction site. This was followed with a major realignment of the transfer passageway between the A C and 4 5 trains.[26] Related construction work saw the temporary closure of the entrances at Fulton Street, on the northwest (by St. Paul's Chapel) and southwest corners throughout much of 2011. Both were reopened by the first half of 2012. The entrance to Dey Street (195 Broadway), on the southbound platform, was permanently closed on May 1, 2012, for Dey Street Passageway related work and rehabilitation of the southbound platform. It will be replaced by the Dey Street Headhouse, across Dey Street, when it opens in late September.[27]

As of August 6, 2012, work is ongoing at the 129 Fulton Street site and the 150 William Street site. When opened, these permanent entrances will provide access to the Broad Street-bound J Z trains and the 2 3 trains, respectively. There will be elevator access at the 129 Fulton Street site.[25] Other permanent entrances that are expected to be open when the Fulton Center project is completed include the Dey Street Passageway headhouse building (2012) and the Fulton Center main building, or the Fulton Building (2014). They are described below in their appropriate sections.

A C transfer mezzanine[edit]

The transfer mezzanine, or the IND mezzanine, has effectively replaced the former network of passageways and ramps that loosely connected the various lines with each other and adjacent entrances. In January 2010, reconstruction of the transfer mezzanine over the Fulton Street station resulted in traffic flow changes.[28] The transfer passageway leading to the Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line station had previously been modified.Effectively, all transfers were made through the A C platform; construction sites on the platform, combined with the loss of transfer passageways, substantially congested the A C platform during the construction of the new v mezzanine.

Due to the stacked-staggered configuration of the J Z platforms, the IND mezzanine is in fact split into two halves. The eastern half stretches from Nassau Street to William Street, from the Broad Street-bound J Z platform to the 2 3 platform. Similarly, the western half of the mezzanine stretches from Nassau Street to Broadway, from the Jamaica Center-bound J Z platform to the 4 5 platforms. Transferring passengers must continue to use the A C platform to navigate between the two halves of the mezzanine. Two escalators are being installed in the Eastern Mezzanine, connecting it to the upper mezzanine under William Street that leads to the 135 William Street entrance and the 2 3 station.

The IND mezzanine has opened in various phases. Around August 2011, the William Street end of the Eastern Mezzanine opened, coinciding with the opening of the 135 William Street entrance. In October 2011, due to a major realignment of the temporary transfer passageway between the A C and 4 5 stations, parts of the Western Mezzanine opened as well. The realignment sent passengers through the construction site of the Fulton Building, a practice that has still continued with the uptown 4 5 trains. By January 2012, the Western Mezzanine had opened to the Jamaica-bound J Z platforms. In June 2012, an underpass under the 4 5 platforms re-opened and became connected to the Western Mezzanine. It travels approximately under Fulton Street.[29] With the opening of the new passageway, the older underpass connecting to southbound 4 5 platform was simultaneously closed. As a result, the Western Mezzanine is substantially completed. A white false wall separates the work area (transit center building) from the now-public passageways is put up in the Western Mezzanine. On August 2, 2012, almost a year since the new entrance on William Street opened, the Broad Street-bound J Z platform became connected to the Eastern Mezzanine. MTA officials have regarded this as the substantial completion of the entire IND mezzanine.[30][31] However, contract work is still being undertaken in both the eastern and western halves; five new elevators linking the A C platform and the mezzanine halves, and the two escalators connecting to William Street, were put into service by December 2012.

Dey Street headhouse and passageway[edit]

Temporary transfer passageway from southbound 4 5 platform. This has been closed since June 2012, but will reopen as the 4 5 underpass, connecting the Dey Street Passageway with the Fulton Building
The Dey Street Headhouse at the southwest corner of Dey Street and Broadway
The Dey Street entrance

Temporary transfer passages opened to the 4 5 trains from the A C Mezzanine on October 29, 2011, this was done in conjunction with the closing of the entrance across the street on Fulton Street. A temporary entrance was opened in the middle of the Fulton Building worksite, on Broadway between John and Fulton Streets. A temporary transfer passage ran underneath Dey Street and led to the middle of the southbound 4 5 platform, situated near the site of the future Dey Street Headhouse and passageway. In June 2012, this passageway was again replaced, this time by a permanent passageway underneath Fulton Street that adjoins the A C Mezzanine (Western section) directly. The original temporary transfer passageway would be part of an underground concourse connecting the Fulton Center and the Dey Street Passageway. It will also serve as a crossunder for the two platforms.

Glass installation on the Dey Street Passageway headhouse has been substantially completed as of August 5, 2012. The headhouse was originally expected to open on July 31, 2012, but opened on October 8, 2012.[32] Currently, it serves as an entrance for the southbound 4 5 trains, but will eventually serve as the main access point for the long-anticipated Dey Street Passageway,[33] following interior fit-out of the passageway.[31] In a construction update, the MTA released photographs of turnstiles being fitted at the underpass level of the R station, which would feed to the Dey Street passageway.[citation needed]

Eventually, for better connectivity, there will be a free transfer between Cortlandt Street and World Trade Center stations, however this will most likely occur after the completion of the main building.

Fulton Building[edit]

The main building for the Fulton Center project, called the Fulton Building by the MTA in its Requests for Proposals in August 2012, has been conceived as a three-storey building cladded with glass, atop with an oculus that will draw in natural light into the main building and the uptown platform of the 4 5 station. It is designed by Grimshaw and James Carpenter Design Associates. Its construction had replaced 4 buildings along the eastern side of Broadway, which were demolished during 2007.[34] However, the costs to relocate the businesses from the Fulton Building's footprint ballooned the cost for the overall project.[35] In 2008, amid the rising costs and a steepening MTA budget deficit, the MTA had originally planned to scrap the entire Fulton Building and replace it with either "a park or plaza." Critics have deemed it as a "Folly on Fulton Street", a word play on "Fulton's Folly" that was used to describe Robert Fulton's steamboat 200 years ago.

On January 28, 2008, the MTA revised its costs and estimate of completion and indicated the project is likely not to include the domed structure which had been planned, or any substantial above-ground structure. The revised cost of the below-ground work is now $910 million and it is expected to be completed in 2010. It also announced a 30-day review of plans for the above-ground structure.[36] In March 2008, the MTA indicated that an above ground structure will be built at the site without specifying if it would remain in the form of a public transit center or be sold to a private developer and only provide an entrance to the subway lines beneath the street.[37]

Dome in February 2012.

In June 2008, Chris Ward, executive director of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey prepared a report for David Paterson, governor of the state of New York, reversing years of optimism regarding the time and resources required to complete projects related to the reconstruction of the World Trade Center including the Fulton Transit Center.[38]

On June 27, 2006, the New York Times reported that the overall project had been running $45 million over a $799 million budget, but that the project design will not be further curtailed. The Times had also reported on June 2, 2006, that the overrun was due to the cost of relocating 148 business and acquiring properties along Broadway where the main building will be located.

In July 2008, the Federal Transit Administration announced it would not fund the cost overruns associated with the Fulton Street Transit Center.[39] However, the MTA is using 2009 federal stimulus money to help fund the project.[40]

The Fulton Building in August 2012 with a completed and unveiled oculus structure. It is expected to open in 2014.

In January 2009, the MTA received $497 million in the proposed federal stimulus money which allowed the above-the-ground construction of the Fulton Building to start.[18][40][41] As part of an exhibit on the city's major public construction projects, the MTA described the status above ground: "Final details are being worked out for the above ground building. The 115-year-old Corbin Building, at the corner of Broadway and John Street, will be restored and incorporated into the transit center entrance design. The transit center will be a focal point with a vibrant design and a visible portal to downtown and the transit system below".[42]

With funding secured in 2009, MTA Capital Construction released a plan to open various stages of the Fulton Center project.[43] Much of the below-ground connections (i.e. the A C Mezzanine) was to begin construction first. The foundations of the main transit complex was completed in August 2010. Other construction activities currently undergoing are the main construction for the transit center and other reconstruction and rehabilitation activities on nearby subway stations.[44] Full scale superstructure work on the main building began in January 2011. In August 2011, steel began to arise for the oculus structure. Steel work for the entire building concluded in October 2011. A spiral staircase was also be built in the center of the main building. The superstructure work for the Fulton Building coincided with the interstitial building for the Corbin Building next door, which is being preserved as part of the project. Glass installation began in spring 2012 and is currently expected to conclude by August 2012. Work is also being carried out in the oculus section, where glass panels are being installed inside to reflect light below. As of July 14, 2012, the completed oculus has been unveiled.[45]

Billed by MTA officials as "New York's Next Greatest Public Space", the Fulton Building is designed with a strong focus on retail. Retail stores are to be featured on the concourse level (the same level as the A C Mezzanine), the platform level (the same level as the 4 5 platforms), and also on the ground floor. In addition, the MTA presentation at the stakeholders' meeting in October 2011 indicates the plausible presence for market cafes on the ground floor, "destination restaurants and bars" on the second floor and an anchor-branded tenant on the third and top floor of the building.[46] There has been a strong focus to bring retail, of up to more than 30,000 square feet to the new site, to the complex.[47] Some have suggested this to be an impetus for the name change from "Fulton Street Transit Center" to a simpler "Fulton Center" to attract leases. The MTA is looking to private companies to manage the retail section of the Fulton Center, certainly attempting to change it to a shopping destination, as well as a transit center. The retail spaces will provide additional revenue for the MTA in the form of real estate.[48][49] On July 31, 2012, the MTA made a motion to seek proposals from various companies for a master lease for 65,000 square feet of retail and commercial space. This space includes the Corbin Building, and the Dey Street Passageway and headhouse.[50] The MTA made a Requests for Proposals (RFP) on August 2, 2012. Proposals are due in three months, on November 2, 2012. According to the MTA's RFP, the main building is called the "Fulton Building" to disambiguate from other related structures, such as the Corbin Building.[23]

Corbin Building after renovation

Corbin Building[edit]

The Corbin Building, designated as a landmark, was to be preserved by the MTA's plan. The building was underpinned during the rehabilitation of the 4 5 platforms and the transit building construction. Design elements and the historic decor and facade are being preserved as a part of this project. The building as a whole will be integrated into the project, with escalators at John Street descending to the 4 5 platforms and the Fulton Building. Retail space will return to the ground-floor, when the Corbin Building reopens in December 2012.[18]

For upper floors, an interstitial structure is being built for the height of the building, and between the original building and the Fulton Center. This interstitial structure would allow the Corbin Building to be made compliant to modern building regulations. A new freight elevator, as well as two passenger elevators, are to be installed in the interstitial building. Additionally, the interstitial unit will give added support to the Corbin Building.[51] While it provides added support for the Corbin Building, the interstitial building is considered to be a part of the Fulton Building.[23]

Constituent stations[edit]

The Fulton Center project includes upgrades to six subway stations, providing a total of ten services:[52]

Services Station Line
NYCS 2 NYCS 3 Fulton Street IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line
NYCS 4 NYCS 5 Fulton Street IRT Lexington Avenue Line
NYCS A NYCS C Fulton Street IND Eighth Avenue Line
NYCS E World Trade Center IND Eighth Avenue Line
NYCS J NYCS Z Fulton Street BMT Nassau Street Line
NYCS R Cortlandt Street BMT Broadway Line

Despite the presence of a passageway (currently under construction) linking the Fulton Street station and the Cortlandt Street, there will be no free connection between the two stations. It is planned, however, that the Cortlandt Street would have a free transfer planned to connect to the Chambers Street – World Trade Center A C E station instead. According to the MTA's Final Environmental Impact Statement, the proposed alternative features a passageway lying under Dey Street, out of the paid area. The rationale is to provide a seamless connection from the Fulton Center to the WTC Transportation Hub and the World Financial Center without the need to cross Church Street and Broadway, both of which are busy traffic arteries in Lower Manhattan. By keeping it outside of the paid area, it would maximize pedestrian flow.[20]

See also[edit]

Related structures:

Related projects:

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Redwine, Tina (September 9, 2011). "Fulton Street Transit Center's $1.4B Renovations Aim To Revitalize Downtown Manhattan". NY1. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  2. ^ Dunlap, David W. (December 23, 2011). "After an Earlier Delay, the Fulton Street Transit Center Finally Rises". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-12-24. 
  3. ^ Redwine, Tina (January 6, 2012). "NY1 Exclusive: Fulton Street Transit Center On Track To Open In 2014". NY1. Retrieved 2012-01-08. 
  4. ^ "Fulton Center". MTA. Retrieved 23 February 2014. 
  5. ^ http://therealdeal.com/blog/2014/03/25/mta-fulton-street-transit-center-to-open-june-26/
  6. ^ Cuzzo, Steve (2008-02-28). "The MTA's Latest Disaster". New York Post. 
  7. ^ Cuzzo, Steve (2008-03-05). "Subway Pie in the Sky". New York Post. "In '04, officials promised a majestic Taj Mahal-like Fulton Street transit hub – at a cost of $750 million. There was little need for all the grandiosity, of course. But supposedly the money was there, officials reasoned – so why not spend it? Yet now the above-ground structure has been all but ditched, and there's scant progress on the station below. Plus, the MTA has upped the price tag to $1.2 billion, a 60 percent jump in just four years, even as the job was scaled back." 
  8. ^ Cuzzo, Steve (2008-05-15). "Menace on 2nd Ave.". New York Post. "The Fulton project has reduced a Downtown blockfront to rubble, dug up streets, ruined businesses and created chaos – all without even starting on the main job, untangling the station's "maze." For good measure, the MTA gave up completely on the domed pavilion that was to be the project's signature element." 
  9. ^ http://www.arup.com/Projects/Fulton_Center.aspx
  10. ^ "Capital Construction, Planning and Real Estate Committee Meeting". 
  11. ^ NEW MILESTONE FOR THE FULTON STREET TRANSIT CENTER MTA.info website. Retrieved August 18, 2010.
  12. ^ NY1 Exclusive: MTA Gives Tour Of Fulton Street Transit Center NY1. Retrieved August 18, 2010.
  13. ^ "Fulton Street Transit Center Continues to Take Shape". MTA.info. March 21, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-22. 
  14. ^ "Downtown Transit Center Reaches Half-Way Mark". NY1. March 21, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-22. 
  15. ^ Cuza, Bobby (July 12, 2011). "9/11 A Decade Later: After Delays, Fulton Street Transit Center Takes Shape". NY1. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  16. ^ "New Entrance at Fulton Street Opens". MTA.info. August 1, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 
  17. ^ "New Fulton Street Subway Entrance Opens As Part Of $1.4B Plan". NY1. August 1, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-02. 
  18. ^ a b c d "Project Updates: Fulton Center". Lower Manhattan Development Corp. May 2009. 
  19. ^ Morris, Keiko (17 December 2013), "MTA Plans to Tap Westfield Group for Fulton Center", The Wall Street Journal, retrieved 18 December 2013 
  20. ^ a b c Fulton Street Transit Center, Final Environmental Impact Statement and Section 4(f) Evaluation, Ch. 3, p. 3-21 PDF
  21. ^ a b Fulton Center: Construction Update
  22. ^ Fulton Center
  23. ^ a b c Request for Proposals. Fulton Center Master Lease
  24. ^ MTA Opens New 4/5 Fulton Street Entrance
  25. ^ a b New Fulton Transit Entrance Marks Major Milestone
  26. ^ Mezzanine Work Reroutes Fulton Transit Riders
  27. ^ Fulton Center Community Board 1 Quarterly Construction Update. June 11th 2012
  28. ^ "Fulton Street Transit Center Construction Update and Service Changes January 9–11 and January 16–17" (Press release). New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2010-01-07. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  29. ^ Fulton Center - Glass Installation
  30. ^ http://new.mta.info/press-release/mta-headquarters/mta-re-opens-ac-station-mezzanine-connection-southbound-jz-station
  31. ^ a b Dey Street Entrance Opening and Road Closures
  32. ^ New Dey Street Entrance Opens
  33. ^ Dey Street Weekend Road Closures
  34. ^ Broadway Demolition Begins for New Transit Center
  35. ^ Folly at Fulton St.
  36. ^ Gallahue, Patrick (2008-01-29). "Fulton transit-hub plan collapses, MTA's $900M boondoggle". New York Post. p. 3. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  37. ^ "Some sort of building will rise at Fulton, M.T.A. says". 2008-03-17. 
  38. ^ Ward, Chris (2008-06-30). "Report of the Directors of the Port Authority". Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. 
  39. ^ "Feds to MTA on more hub cash: No way". New York Daily News. 2008-07-16. Archived from the original on 2011-06-05. "The Federal Transit Administration won't bail out the MTA's troubled Fulton St. subway hub with an infusion of more money, a top Bush administration official said. "Absolutely not. That's capped out," federal transit Administrator James Simpson said Tuesday when asked if the FTA would increase its commitment for the Fulton Transit Center." 
  40. ^ a b Neuman, William (2009-01-29). "M.T.A. Planning to Spend Stimulus on Fulton St. Hub". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  41. ^ "Back on Track: Fulton Transit Center". MTA. 2009-06-09. 
  42. ^ "The Future Beneath Us: Fulton Street Transit Center". Transit Museum. 2009. 
  43. ^ MTA to Roll Out Transit Center Upgrades
  44. ^ "MTA Capital Construction – Fulton Street Transit Center". MTA. Retrieved 5 September 2011. 
  45. ^ Fulton Street Transit Center's Shiny New Oculus Revealed!
  46. ^ Fulton Street Transit Center Stakeholder Meeting. October 27, 2011
  47. ^ A plan to privatize parts of East Side Access
  48. ^ Coming Soon: New restaurant spaces for GCT
  49. ^ The dish on Grand Central
  50. ^ MTA Seeks Proposals to Manage 65,000 Square Feet of Retail and Commercial Space at Fulton Center
  51. ^ Restoring the Landmark Corbin Building
  52. ^ "Fulton Center". MTA Capital Programs website. MTA. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 

External links[edit]

External video
"What is the Fulton St Transit Center?", Metropolitan Transportation Authority; September 2, 2010; one minute YouTube video clip
"Fulton St Transit Center – 6-16-2011 Update", Metropolitan Transportation Authority; June 16, 2011; 2:43 YouTube video clip
"Fulton St Transit Center - 1/19/2012 Update", Metropolitan Transportation Authority; January 19, 2012; 1:45 YouTube video clip


Coordinates: 40°42′38″N 74°00′32″W / 40.710464°N 74.008917°W / 40.710464; -74.008917