Fulvio Giulio della Corgna
Fulvio Giulio della Corgna
|Cardinal-Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina|
|Born||19 Nov 1517|
|Died||2 Mar 1583 (age 65)|
Fulvio Giulio della Corgna was born in Perugia on November 19, 1517, the son of Francia della Corgna, a Perugian nobleman who bore the title of Duca di Corgna, and Jacopa Ciocchi del Monte. He had a brother Ascanio, who became an important commander of papal armies and Duca della Corgna. His mother was the sister of Pope Julius III and niece of Cardinal Antonio Maria Ciocchi del Monte. The family owned the Marchesato di Castiglione del Lago on Lake Bolsena. Fulvio was a Marchese della Corgna.
He joined the Knights Hospitaller at an early age, taking the religious name "Giulio" in honor of his family's benefactor, Pope Julius II. He entered the court of his uncle, Cardinal Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, the future Pope Julius III. He was named a Protonotary Apostolic, as well as Archpriest of the Cathedral of S. Lorenzo of Perugia.
On March 5, 1550, he was appointed Bishop of Perugia by his Uncle Julius. He became Papal Legate of Ascolo-Piceno, Reate and Monteleone di Spoleto on December 15, 1550. It was Fulvio della Corgna who was responsible for the founding of the seminary in Perugia and for inviting the Jesuits to the city to establish a college, the first Rector of which was Everard de Mercœur (Mercurian).
In 1553, Cosimo de' Medici, Duke of Florence, fearing that the fighting in Tuscany might expand into a larger war between the Empire (Charles V) and France (Henri II), which would be severely damaging to his territories, urgently requested the Pope to send negotiators to work out an understanding. Julius sent Cardinal Fulvio della Corgna to Florence and Cardinal Niccolò Caetani de Sermoneta to Siena. When nothing came of their efforts, Pope Julius III himself travelled to Viterbo. On August 2, the French, who had invaded Tuscany under Marshal Blaise de Montluc, were defeated at the Battle of Marciano, and forced to retreat into Siena, where they fomented a coup-d-état in their own interests. But the fact that Vercelli had recently fallen to Marshal de Brissac and the Duke of Savoy had been killed (August 16) gave the French, enjoying one success after another, the courage to decline to settle. The Tuscan War was just beginning. Duke Cosimo of Florence requested that Cardinal della Corgna be named administrator of Spoleto to quell disturbances that had broken out there; on March 22, 1553, therefore, the Cardinal resigned the government of Perugia to become Administrator of Spoleto, on the appointment of Pope Julius III. His seat in Perugia was taken by his nephew, Ippolito della Corgna.
Conclave of 1555
He was a participant in both the papal conclave of April 1555 that elected Pope Marcellus II (Marcello Cervini), and the papal conclave of May 1555 that elected Pope Paul IV (Gian Pietro Carafa). Pope Paul IV deprived him of the administration of Spoleto in 1555, in favor of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese, one of Carafa's friends, who had administered the diocese of Spoleto under his uncle Paul III in the 1540s. When the pope learned that Cardinal della Corgna had warned his brother Ascanio della Corgna of the pope's orders to arrest him for illicitly entering into communications with Philip II of Spain, the pope had the cardinal arrested on his way to the consistory of July 27, 1556. He was imprisoned in the Castel Sant'Angelo. Following Spanish victories, the pope was forced to moderate his position and ordered the cardinal released and restored to his cardinalate duties, though the cardinal was still fined 60,000 scudi.
On September 20, 1557, he opted for the titular church of Santo Stefano Rotondo. He participated in the papal conclave of 1559 that elected Pope Pius IV. In 1560, the new pope made him governor of Città della Pieve. He served as the Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals from January 15, 1561 until January 9, 1562. On May 18, 1562, he opted for the titular church of Sant'Agata dei Goti, a deaconry raised temporarily to the status of titulus. He was assigned to the Diocese of Perugia for a second time on September 6, 1564. His Vicar-General was Donato Torri. It was at this time that he founded the seminary in Perugia. On February 7, 1565, he opted for Sant'Angelo in Pescheria, another deaconry assigned as titulus, on February 7, 1565.
Conclaves of 1565-1566 and 1572
He participated in the papal conclave of 1565-66 that elected Pope Pius IV. On January 30, 1566, he opted for the titular church of San Lorenzo in Lucina, and then, on March 3, 1567, for Sant'Adriano al Foro, another deaconry assigned as titulus.
He participated in the papal conclave of 1572 that elected Pope Gregory XIII. As the most senior cardinal-priest residing in the Roman Curia, he opted for the order of cardinal bishops on May 5, 1574, taking the suburbicarian Diocese of Albano. Because of the new decrees of the Council of Trent forbidding pluralism, he resigned the government of Perugia at this time. Nonetheless he generously provisioned the many pilgrims who were coming from Perugia to participate in the Jubilee of 1575. On December 5, 1580, Cardinal della Corgna opted for the suburbicarian Diocese of Porto-Santa Rufina. During this period, he was Sub-Dean of the College of Cardinals.
- Antonio Baglioni, Citta della Pieve illustrata: Lettere storiche (Montefiascone 1845), p. 407.
- Giacinto Vincioli, Notizie istorico-critiche a' ritratti di 24. cardinali perugini (Foligno 1730), p. 180 and 182.
- Entry from Biographical Dictionary of the Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church
- Maria G. Donati Guerrieri, Lo Stato di Castiglione del Lago e i della Corgna (Perugia: Edizioni Grafica 1972), passim.
- Vincioli, p. 180. Olga Marinelli, La compagnia di San Tomasso d'Aquino di Perugia (Roma 1960), p. 112 and n. 195.
- G. Gulik and C. Eubel, Hierarchia catholica III editio secunda (curavit J. Schmitz-Kellenberg) (Monasterii 1923) p. 272.
- Gulik and Eubel, p. 32, note 9.
- T. J. Campbell, The Jesuits, 1534--1921 Volume 1 (New York 1921), p. 132. Thomas M. McCoog, The Mercurian Project (Saint Louis : Institute of Jesuit Sources, 2004), pp. 4-6.
- The Consistory of 20 November, 1551 (Salvador Miranda).
- Jacques-Auguste de Thou Histoire universelle, Tome second (London 1734), Book XII pp. 366-374.
- Gulik and Eubel, Hierarchia catholica III (Monasterii 1923), p. 303.
- Sede Vacante and Conclave of 23 March--9 April 1555 (J. P. Adams)
- Ferdinando Ughelli, Italia Sacra (editio secunda, curavit Nicolas Colet) I (Venice 1717), p. 1269.
- Antonio Baglioni, Citta della Pieve illustrata: Lettere storiche (Montefiascone 1845), p. 257.
- Olga Marinelli, La compagnia di San Tomasso d'Aquino di Perugia , p. 112 and n. 195.
- G. B. Rossi Scotti, Guida di Perugia seconda edizione (Perugia 1867)., p. 22.
- Sede Vacante and Conclave of 1-14 May, 1572 (J.P. Adams)
- Christopher F. Black, Italian Confraternities in the Sixteenth Century (Cambridge 1989), pp. 118-119.
- Vincenzo Forcella, Inscrizioni delle chiese di Roma V (Roma 1873), p. 260 no. 725.
- Cheney, David M. "Fulvio Giulio Cardinal della Corgna, O.S.Io.Hieros". Catholic-Hierarchy.org.
- Alfonsus Ciaconius (recognovit Augustinus Olduinus), Vitae et res gestae pontificum Romanorum et S.R.E. Cardinalium Tomus secundus (Roma 1677).
- Lorenzo Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della santa romana chiesa Tomo IV (Roma: Pagliarini 1793).
- Gaetano Moroni, Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica Vol. XVII (Venezia 1842), pp. 155–156.
- L. Riess, Die Politik Pauls IV. und seiner Nepoten (Berlin 1909).
- Irene Fosi Polverini, "DELLA CORNIA, Fulvio", Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani Volume 36 (1988). On-line version (in Italian)
- M. G. Donati Guerrieri, Lo Stato di Castiglion del Lago e i Della Corgna (Perugia 1972).
- C. F. Black, "Perugia and Papal Absolutism in the Sixteenth Century," The English Historical Review XCVI (1981), pp. 513–535.
- Miles Pattenden, Pius IV and the Fall of The Carafa: Nepotism and Papal Authority in Counter-Reformation Rome (Oxford: OUP 2013).