Fulwell, Sunderland

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Fulwell
Mere Knolls Cemetery - geograph.org.uk - 1234789.jpg
Mere Knolls Cemetery
Fulwell is located in Tyne and Wear
Fulwell
Fulwell
Fulwell shown within Tyne and Wear
Population 11,604 (2011.Ward)[1]
OS grid reference NZ3959
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SUNDERLAND
Postcode district SR5, SR6
Dialling code 0191
Police Northumbria
Fire Tyne and Wear
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear
54°55′41″N 1°22′59″W / 54.928°N 1.383°W / 54.928; -1.383Coordinates: 54°55′41″N 1°22′59″W / 54.928°N 1.383°W / 54.928; -1.383

Fulwell is an affluent area and former civil parish in the City of Sunderland and the English county of Tyne and Wear. The parish was abolished in 1928 as a result of the Sunderland Corporation Act, 1927, and the area incorporated into the former County Borough of Sunderland.[2] It borders Seaburn, Southwick, Monkwearmouth, and Roker. Fulwell is located near the district border between Sunderland and South Tyneside. Statistically, Fulwell ward, which includes Seaburn, is the most affluent of the city's 25 wards.[3]

Housing in the area is varied. A large network of streets in the southern area of Fulwell contains many nineteenth-century terraced houses, with a large amount of Victorian architecture. In the northern part of Fulwell, housing consists mostly of semi-detached, inter- and post-war dwellings, with many of the most popular streets constructed in the 1930s. House prices, particularly in the area's eastern and western edges, bordering Seaburn and Newcastle Road respectively, are amongst the highest in the city.

Due to Fulwell's role as an overwhelmingly residential area, economic activity in the ward is mostly restricted to the retail and leisure sectors. Local services centre on the main thoroughfare of Sea Road, where a large shopping parade has been established for many years. A mid-sized Sainsbury's store opened in 2006 at Station Road. Fulwell's fire station closed in September 2015, when services were transferred to the new station at Marley Pots. Other services include a public library, which is open for limited hours, a GP clinic, two dental surgeries, and a veterinary surgery. The area is served by local bus services 23, 99, E2 and E6 as well as by the Tyne and Wear Metro, at Seaburn station. Mainline trains no longer stop at the station. Fulwell is also a popular area for social drinking, with a substantial number of pubs and social clubs.

Fulwell mill, showing stone base/reefing stage.

Fulwell was primarily a farming village until it became part of the urban sprawl of industrial Sunderland in the nineteenth century. Relics of this agricultural past still survive in the form of three windmills, including the 19th century Fulwell Mill, the only working windmill in the United Kingdom featuring a stone reefing stage (a design-feature peculiar to mills in north-east England, equivalent to the gallery found on other mills). The mill, built in 1808, was restored to working order between 1996 and 2001 after over half-a-century out of use, and celebrated its bicentenary in 2008. In late 2011, however, the sails and cap suffered severe storm damage.[4]

Politically, Fulwell has long been regarded as a staunch Conservative ward in a region of traditional Labour strength. Since the ward's creation it has always had at least one Conservative party councillor, and is currently represented on Sunderland City Council by two Conservative councillors and one Labour councillor.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sunderland ward population 2011". Retrieved 21 July 2015. 
  2. ^ "Fulwell Civil Parish and Township: Parish-level Unit". A Vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  3. ^ "Tyne and Wear Research". 
  4. ^ Sunderland Echo - Storm-hit windmill faces £150,000 repair bill