Fulwell, Sunderland

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Fulwell
Mere Knolls Cemetery - geograph.org.uk - 1234789.jpg
Mere Knolls Cemetery
Fulwell is located in Tyne and Wear
Fulwell
Fulwell
Location within Tyne and Wear
Population11,604 (2011.Ward)[1]
OS grid referenceNZ3959
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSUNDERLAND
Postcode districtSR5, SR6
Dialling code0191
PoliceNorthumbria
FireTyne and Wear
AmbulanceNorth East
EU ParliamentNorth East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear
54°55′41″N 1°22′59″W / 54.928°N 1.383°W / 54.928; -1.383Coordinates: 54°55′41″N 1°22′59″W / 54.928°N 1.383°W / 54.928; -1.383

Fulwell is an affluent area and former civil parish in the City of Sunderland. The parish was abolished in 1928 as a result of the Sunderland Corporation Act 1927, and the area incorporated into the former County Borough of Sunderland.[2] It borders Seaburn, Southwick, Monkwearmouth, and Roker, and the district border between Sunderland and South Tyneside. Fulwell ward, including South Bents and Seaburn, is the least socially deprived of the city's 25 wards.[3]

Fulwell has long been an area popular for dining out and social drinking, with a substantial number of restaurants and watering holes in the vicinity, including Alishaan Cafe, the Blue Bell, the Royal Marine, and the Grange Hotel. Mill View Social Club, on Station Road, is one of the largest social clubs in the United Kingdom, boasting live music five nights per week and over 3,000 members.

Housing in the area is varied. A network of streets in the southern area of Fulwell contains many nineteenth-century terraced houses, with a large amount of Victorian architecture. In the northern part of Fulwell, housing consists mostly of semi-detached, inter- and post-war dwellings, with many of the most popular streets constructed in the 1930s. House prices, particularly in the area's eastern and western edges, bordering Seaburn and Newcastle Road respectively, are amongst the highest in the city.

Due to Fulwell's role as an overwhelmingly residential area, economic activity in the ward is mostly restricted to the retail and leisure sectors. Local services centre on the main thoroughfare of Sea Road, where a large shopping parade has been established for many years. A mid-sized Sainsbury's store opened in 2006 at Station Road. Fulwell's fire station closed in September 2015, when services were transferred to the new station at Marley Pots. Other services include a Community Library, which is open 10am until 4pm on Mondays, 10am until 5pm on Wednesdays, 10am until 4pm on Fridays and 10am until 1pm on Saturdays, a GP clinic, two dental surgeries, and a veterinary surgery. The area is served by local bus services 23, 99, E2 and E6 as well as by the Tyne and Wear Metro, at Seaburn station. Mainline trains no longer stop at the station.

Fulwell mill, showing stone base/reefing stage.

Fulwell was primarily a farming village until it became part of the urban sprawl of industrial Sunderland in the nineteenth century. Relics of this agricultural past still survive in the form of three windmills, including the 19th century Fulwell Mill, the only working windmill in the United Kingdom featuring a stone reefing stage (a design-feature peculiar to mills in north-east England, equivalent to the gallery found on other mills). The mill, built in 1808, was restored to working order between 1996 and 2001 after over half-a-century out of use, and celebrated its bicentenary in 2008. In late 2011, however, the sails and cap suffered severe storm damage.[4] A further restoration, which included the fitting of a new fantail, cap and sails to the original dimensions, together with an overhaul of associated machinery commenced during 2017 and was completed in May 2018.

Politically, Fulwell has long been regarded as a staunch Conservative ward in a region of traditional Labour strength. Since the ward's creation it has always had at least one Conservative party councillor, and is currently represented on Sunderland City Council by two Conservatives and one Labour councillor.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sunderland ward population 2011". Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  2. ^ "Fulwell Civil Parish and Township: Parish-level Unit". A Vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 14 May 2012.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Tyne and Wear Research". Archived from the original on 2007-09-29.
  4. ^ Sunderland Echo - Storm-hit windmill faces £150,000 repair bill