Functional generative description

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Functional generative description (FGD) is a linguistic framework developed at Charles University in Prague since the 1960s by a team led by Petr Sgall. Based on the dependency grammar formalism, it is a stratificational grammar formalism that treats the sentence as a system of interlinked layers: phonological, morphematical, morphonological, analytical (surface syntax) and tectogrammatical (deep syntax). Continuing the tradition of Prague School, special attention is paid to the phenomenon of topic–focus articulation.

The Prague Dependency Treebank (PDT) is a treebank consisting of a subset of the Czech National Corpus annotated along the lines of FGD.

External links[edit]


  • Sgall, P., Hajičová, E., Panevová, J. (1986). The Meaning of the Sentence in Its Semantic and Pragmatic Aspects. Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company. ISBN 90-277-1838-5.