Fundulea

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Fundulea
Town
Location of Fundulea
Location of Fundulea
Coordinates: 44°27′10″N 26°30′55″E / 44.45278°N 26.51528°E / 44.45278; 26.51528Coordinates: 44°27′10″N 26°30′55″E / 44.45278°N 26.51528°E / 44.45278; 26.51528
Country  Romania
County Călăraşi County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Dorel Dorobanţu (Social Democratic Party)
Population (2002)
 • Total 6,217
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Fundulea is an agricultural town in the Călăraşi County, Romania. It is on the Bărăgan Plain, approximately 30 km east of the capital Bucharest, in the historical region of Wallachia. It has a population of 6,217. The A2 freeway and Mostiştea River pass through its vicinity. Two villages are administered by the town: Alexandru Ioan Cuza and Gostilele.

Historically, Fundulea's outskirts housed a military base maintained by the Romanian Army. The town is home to an agricultural institute, the National Agricultural Research and Development Institute (Romanian: Institutul Naţional de Cercetare-Dezvoltare Agricolă, INCDA). A reservoir known as Lake Fundulea, fed by water from the Mostiştea, is a popular spot for sport fishing.

History[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1992 6,728 —    
2002 6,217 −7.6%
2011 6,486 +4.3%
Source: Census data

During the 19th century, the village of Fundulea housed the Sionu estate of writer Gheorghe Sion, which, through the 1923 marriage of his daughter Marica, became the property of eccentric novelist, poet, and heraldist Mateiu Caragiale.[1] Caragiale intended to turn it into a private domain, and reportedly flew an ensign he had created for himself.[1]

The INCDA was created in 1962, during the Communist period, through the merger between the Research Institute for Maize Cultivation (Institutul de Cercetări pentru Cultura Porumbului) and the Field Cultivation Department (Departamentul Culturilor de Câmp) of the Romanian Agronomic Institute.[2]

Fundulea is also the birthplace of novelist Mircea Nedelciu (1950-1999), in whose honor a local primary school was named in 2002.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Perpessicius, "Tabel cronologic", in Mateiu Caragiale, Craii de Curtea-Veche, Editura pentru Literatură, Bucharest, 1965, p.XIX, XXI. OCLC 18329822
  2. ^ Official site of INCDA Fundulea; retrieved July 10, 2007
  3. ^ (Romanian) Ion Bogdan Lefter, "Şcoala 'Mircea Nedelciu' ", in Observator Cultural, Nr. 143, November 2002