Fungoid frog

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Fungoid frog
Hylarana malabarica-Madayippara.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Ranidae
Genus: Hydrophylax
Species: H. malabaricus
Binomial name
Hydrophylax malabaricus
(Tschudi, 1838)

Rana malabarica Tschudi, 1838[2]

The Fungoid Frog at Ezhimala, North Malabar, Kerala

The fungoid frog or Malabar Hills frog (Hydrophylax malabaricus) is a colourful frog found on the forest floor and lower vegetation in the Western Ghats in south-western India from Bombay to Kerala. It is very similar to another species with which it overlaps partly in range, Hydrophylax bahuvistara which extends further into parts of central India.[1][2][3] Although restricted in range within peninsular India, they are of least conservation concern.[1] Their upper parts vary in colour from brownish-red to bright crimson.


Vomerine teeth in two oval oblique groups between the choanae. Head moderate, depressed; snout moderate, hardly as long as the diameter of the orbit, subacuminate, moderately prominent; loreal region concave; nostril nearer to the end of the snout than to the eye; interorbital space rather narrower than the upper eyelid; tympanum very distinct, nearly as large as the eye. fingers moderate, first extending beyond second; toes rather short, half webbed : tips of fingers and toes swollen; subarticular tubercles very strong; inner metatarsal tubercle oval, blunt; a large rounded tubercle at the base of the fourth toe; no tarsal fold. The tibio-tarsal articulation reaches the tympanum or the eye. Skin finely granulate above; a broad, not very prominent glandular lateral fold; a strong glandular fold from below the eye to the shoulder, followed by one or two glandules. Head and body bright crimson above, blackish brown on the sides; back sometimes with a few small black spots; upper lip, and a series of spots on the flank, white ; limbs blackish brown above, spotted and marbled with pale brown and while; beneath uniform white, or marbled brown and white.[4]


  1. ^ a b c S.D. Biju; Sushil Dutta; Robert Inger (2004). "Hylarana malabarica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 12 July 2013.  Database entry includes a range map and justification for why this species is of least concern
  2. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R. (2013). "Hylarana malabarica (Tschudi, 1838)". Amphibian Species of the World 5.6, an Online Reference. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  3. ^ Padhye, Anand D.; Jadhav, Anushree; Modak, Nikhil; Nameer, P.O.; Dahanukar, Neelesh (2015). "Hydrophylax bahuvistara, a new species of fungoid frog (Amphibia: Ranidae) from peninsular India". Journal of Threatened Taxa. 7 (11): 7744–7760. doi:10.11609/JoTT.o4252.7744-60. ISSN 0974-7893. 
  4. ^ Boulenger, G. A. (1890) The Fauna of British India: Reptilia and Batrachia