|Location||off Malta, Mediterranean Sea|
|Area||0.007 km2 (0.0027 sq mi)|
Fungus Rock, sometimes known as Mushroom Rock, and among the Maltese as Il-Ġebla tal-Ġeneral (English: The General's Rock), is a small islet in the form of a 60-metre-high (200 ft) massive lump of limestone at the entrance to an almost circular black lagoon in Dwejra, on the coast of Gozo, itself an island in the Maltese archipelago. Fungus Rock is located at and falls within the jurisdiction of the town of San Lawrenz.
The Knights Hospitaller apparently discovered what is popularly known as the Malta Fungus, growing on the rock's flat top. This plant, which is a kind of parasitic flowering plant, not a fungus, has a repulsive smell. Doctors at the time believed that it had medicinal properties. The Knights used it as a styptic dressing for wounds and a cure for dysentery. The Knights so prized it that they often gave gifts of Malta Fungus to distinguished noblemen and visitors to the Maltese islands.
Grand Master Pinto decreed the Rock out of bounds in 1746; trespassers risked a three-year spell as oarsmen in the Knights' galleys. He posted a permanent guard there and even built a precarious cable-car basket from the rock to the mainland, 50 metres (160 ft) away. He also ordered the sides smoothed to remove handholds.
Nowadays, Fungus Rock is a nature reserve. However, the shoreline nearby is accessible to bathers and the sea provides perfect snorkeling.
Cynomorium coccineum, the strange plant that gave Fungus Rock its name
- State of the Environment Report for Malta 1998
- Ganado, Albert (2005). "Bibliographical notes on Melitensia - 3". Journal of the Malta Historical Society. Melita Historica. 14 (2): 178. Archived from the original on 21 April 2014.
- Dharmananda, Subhuti. "Cynomorium: Parasitic Plant Widely Used in Traditional Medicine". Retrieved 2 November 2010.
- The historical guide to the island of Malta and its dependencies. p. 88.
- Correctly known as Cynomorium coccineum; it is not a Fucus, which is a genus of seaweed.
- Botanical Society of Edinburgh (1870). "Agriculture of Malta and Sicily". Transactions and Proceedings of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh. Botanical Society of Edinburgh. p. 115. Retrieved 2009-01-04.
Media related to Fungus Rock at Wikimedia Commons