Funicular dos Guindais

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Guindais Funicular (Funicular dos Guindais)
Funicular (Funicular/Ascensor/Elevador)
Logo funicular.png
Official name: Ascensor dos Guindais
Named for: Guindais
Country  Portugal
Region Norte
Subregion Greater Porto
District Porto
Municipality Porto
Location Cedofeita, Santo Ildefonso, Sé, Miragaia, São Nicolau e Vitória
 - coordinates 41°8′27.6″N 8°36′34.2″W / 41.141000°N 8.609500°W / 41.141000; -8.609500Coordinates: 41°8′27.6″N 8°36′34.2″W / 41.141000°N 8.609500°W / 41.141000; -8.609500
Architects Raul Mesnier du Ponsard, Adélio Couto
Materials Granite, Wood, Iron, Galvanized Steel
Origin 19th century
 - Initiated 1891
 - Completion 1893
Owner Portuguese Republic
For public Public
Easiest access Sé, Rua de Arnaldo Gama, Escadas dos Guindais
Management Instituto Gestão do Patrimonio Arquitectónico e Arqueológico
Status Unclassified
Listing Included in the Historic Zone of the City of Porto (PT011312070086)
Length 281 metres (922 ft)
Type Single track with passing loop
Route diagram
 
Distance
(metres)
281 Batalha Porto Metro
191
140
0 Ribeira
Wikimedia Commons: Funicular dos Guindais
Website: http://www.metrodoporto.pt

The Guindais Funicular (Portuguese: Funicular dos Guindais) is a funicular railway in the civil parish of Cedofeita, Santo Ildefonso, Sé, Miragaia, São Nicolau e Vitória, Portuguese municipality of Porto.

History[edit]

A drawing of the abandoned funicular tracks along the Muralha das Freiras in 1891

The original line was inaugurated on 3 June 1891.[1] Almost 2 years later, on 5 June 1891, there was an accident caused by excess velocity, and the funicular car was decommissioned.[1]

The former "House" of the funicular railway was by 1993 occupied by an atelier operated by sculptor Henrique Moreira.[1] It was later remodelled to function as a meeting hall for local Jehovah's Witnesses.[1]

As part of a larger initiative to improve the transport infrastructure of Porto, a new funicular and station was inaugurated on 19 February 2004, following the same line as before.

Architecture[edit]

The funicular is situated along the wall of Freiras, running down a steep cliff between the quay at Guindais and Rua da Batalha (terminating at building of the Civil Governor).[2][3]

Owned and operated by the Porto Metro, the single-track funicular uses a central loop system that is 281 metres (922 ft) long, allowing it to descend 61 metres (200 ft), with the upper 90 metres (300 ft) situated within the passenger tunnel, with the markedly steep gradient in the section below the passing loop. Two vehicles run the course, with a capacity for 25 persons each, operating at a maximum speed of 5 metres per second (16 ft/s). Due to the difference in slope along the line, the cars have self-levelling platforms, allowing the car floor to maintain itself horizontal no matter the track incline.[2] Although the journey is short (approximately 3 minutes) after emerging from the upper tunnel, passengers are able to view the landscape from the Dom Luís I Bridge, the river margins (including both quays along Ribeira and Cais de Gaia and the Port wine warehouses and traditional boast along the Douro River.

The service is commonly used by locals/commuters to access the river and metro services, including the metro at São Bento: the service runs from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. on weekdays, with extended hours to midnight on weekends and holidays.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Costa, Patrícia (2003), SIPA, ed., Casa do Ascensor dos Guindais (IPA.00020010/PT011312140272) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA – Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 4 August 2016 
  2. ^ a b "Funicular dos Guindais". POMA. Archived from the original on 2012-08-13. Retrieved 2012-08-13. 
  3. ^ Abreu, Andreia. "Andar de elevador é caro!" [Lift is expensive!] (in Portuguese). Jornalismo Porto Net. Archived from the original on 2012-08-13. Retrieved 2012-08-13. 

Sources[edit]

  • Porto a Património Mundial, Processo de Candidatura da Cidade do Porto à classificação pela UNESCO como Património Cultural da Humanidade - 1993 (in Portuguese), Porto, Portugal: Câmara Municipal do Porto, 1993